No, the dye can give patients a warm feeling when it’s injected but it’s harmless.
A coronary angiography, also known as a coronary angiogram is a medical technique used to see the inside of blood vessels and organs within the body.
The procedure is usually performed in order to properly diagnose diseases related to veins, arteries or the chambers of the heart. This technique is a part of a group of procedures known as cardiac catheterization. A coronary angiography is one of the most common types of cardiac catheterization procedures.
A coronary angiography procedure uses a special type of dye and an X-ray machine to properly diagnose heart conditions. The dye is radio-opaque, meaning that it will be completely visible in the X-ray. This gives doctors a chance to study the patient’s veins and arteries. Several X-rays are taken during a coronary angiography procedure – these x-rays are called angiograms.
In some cases, doctors may perform an angioplasty in order to widen obstructed veins or arteries. A stent may also be inserted in certain cases as well. Due to these reasons, a coronary angiography is considered both a diagnosis technique as well as a treatment one.
A coronary angiography procedure is recommended for the following groups of patients:
● Patients with abnormal stress test results
● Patients with symptoms related to coronary artery disease
● Patients suffering from pain in the neck, arm, chest or jaw
● Congenital heart disease
● Heart failure
● Chest injury
● Cardiac arrhythmia
● Coronary vasospasm
The procedure may also be performed on patients with a high risk of developing cardiac complications from other types of surgery.
Relative contraindications for a coronary angiography can include the following:
● Acute renal failure
● Chronic renal failure and diabetes
● Gastrointestinal bleeding
● Fever, as it can be a sign of infection
● Active infection within the body
● Local infection at the incision site
● Severe anemia
● Acute stroke
● Severe hypertension
The coronary angiography procedure is usually performed only after other non invasive tests have been done. These may include a stress test, an echocardiogram or an electrocardiogram.
Patients will be required to stop eating or drinking anything at least 10 hours before the coronary angiography. Some medications may be prescribed for the patient during this time as well.
Patients will be required to lie on an X-ray table before being administered a sedative and a local anaesthetic. A catheter needs to be inserted into the patient’s blood vessels. Doctors can use the groin area or the arm for this purpose. The incision area is shaved, washed and disinfected. After that, the catheter is inserted into the blood vessel and it is carefully directed towards the coronary arteries or the heart. A radio-opaque dye is inserted through the catheter. The doctors are now able to discover any abnormalities in the patient’s heart or coronary arteries. If some arteries are too narrow, an angioplasty may be performed or a stent may be placed. The procedure takes around an hour. After the coronary angiography procedure is done, the incision is closed and a small bandage is applied.
30 to 60 minutes
Patients are required to lie flat in their beds for around 8 hours after the coronary angiography procedure. They may not move their arms or legs, depending on the area where the catheter was introduced. Slight pressure may be applied on the incision site in order to prevent any bleeding.
Intensive physical activities need to be avoided for a few days after the coronary angiography. Patients may return to work and normal activities depending on their test results.
Potential coronary angiography risks and complications can include:
● Heart attack
● Damage to arteries
● Excessive bleeding
Side effects associated with a coronary angiography procedure can include:
● Slight bruising around the incision site
● Mild pain and discomfort
● Slight swelling
A survey based on 7.412 coronary angiography procedures set the complication rate at 0.8%. The overall mortality rate for this procedure is 0%, based on 7.412 patients who underwent this procedure between 1990 and 2000.
A coronary angiography allows doctor to gather valuable information related to the patient’s blood vessels. After the procedure is performed, doctors are able to set up a thorough treatment plan.
Average Coronary Angiography costs in Turkey are € 1,869.
With FlyMedi, you can connect with 16 Cardiology centers in Turkey that are offering Coronary Angiography procedures. These Cardiology centers are accredited by international standard-setting bodies including JCI and ISO 9001:2000. Popular Coronary Angiography destinations in Turkey include Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya.
Prices listed on this page are the average price for Coronary Angiography. Clinics may require more details regarding your medical condition in order to provide you with a personalized Coronary Angiography quote. For a more accurate Coronary Angiography price quote, please click HERE.
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
No, the dye can give patients a warm feeling when it’s injected but it’s harmless.
Your doctor will inform you, based on your coronary angiography results.
It’s best to resume physical exercise after the incision has fully healed.