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Thyroidectomy

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Thyroidectomy surgery is a type of procedure in which the thyroid gland is removed, either totally or partially. The procedure is usually performed on patients suffering from goiter, hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer.

The thyroid produces many of the hormones found in the human body, including calcitonin, triiodothyronine and thyroxine. The thyroid gland is located at the base of the patient’s neck. Some patients may turn to a thyroidectomy procedure when the thyroid becomes enlarged, causing difficulty in breathing or swallowing.

There are six types of thyroidectomy surgery but the most common are:

● Partial thyroidectomy surgery – only a part of the thyroid gland is removed, specifically the part of the gland that is located right in front of the trachea
● Near total thyroidectomy surgery – both lobes of the thyroid gland are removed, apart from a very small amount of thyroid tissue
Total thyroidectomy surgery – the entire gland is removed during this procedure

The type of thyroidectomy procedure performed depends heavily on the disease the patient suffers from. If the procedure is performed for aesthetic or cosmetic reasons, a partial thyroidectomy procedure is more likely to be sufficient.

Thyroidectomy Candidates

A thyroidectomy procedure is recommended for patients suffering from one or more of the following health problems:

● Thyroid cancer – This is one of the most common reasons why patients turn to a thyroidectomy procedure. Patients suffering from thyroid cancer will have their thyroid glands partly or fully removed during the thyroidectomy procedure.
● Goiter
● Hyperthyroidism – This condition causes the thyroid to produce more thyroxine than normal. A total thyroidectomy procedure is often performed to treat this condition.

Am I Suitable for Thyroidectomy?

A thyroidectomy procedure is not recommended for patients who can benefit from other, less invasive forms of treatment such as anti thyroid drugs or radioactive iodine therapy. Pregnant women may need to wait until the second or third trimester before undergoing a thyroidectomy procedure. Exceptions include aggressive forms of cancer and extreme difficulty breathing.

Preparing for Thyroidectomy

Patients will be required to have a thyroid ultrasound before thyroidectomy surgery. Other necessary tests include a CT scan, blood tests and an evaluation of the patient’s vocal cord function.

How is Thyroidectomy Performed?

General anaesthesia is first administered to the patient. The patient’s vital signs are monitored throughout the thyroidectomy procedure.

There are three different techniques which can be used for thyroidectomy surgery:

● Conventional thyroidectomy: A collar incision is created above the sternal notch. The incision is created in the natural creases of the skin. Most incisions are between 6 and 8 cm in length.
● Robotic thyroidectomy: Incisions can be created in the armpit, neck or chest.
● Endoscopic thyroidectomy: Smaller incisions are created in the neck at short distances from each other.

Once the necessary incision or incisions are created, the surgeon will begin removing all or part of the thyroid gland. Lymph nodes close to the thyroid gland may also be removed at this point. The procedure itself takes several hours. The area is then sutured and bandaged. The patient will be required to spend a night in hospital, under medical supervision.

Thyroidectomy Summary

Anesthesia

General anesthetic

Back to Work

10 days

Hospital Stay

Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital

Back to Sports

2 weeks

Thyroidectomy Recovery

Most patients return to normal activities in 10 days after the thyroidectomy procedure. Some restrictions may apply during this period – the surgeon will provide you with specific guidelines. Pain, discomfort and a very weak voice are to be expected after the surgery.

Thyroidectomy Risks and Complications

The following risks and complications are associated with a thyroidectomy procedure:

● Permanent changes in voice
● Infection – around 2% chance
● Bleeding
● Airway obstruction
● Permanent low calcium levels
● Permanent need for thyroid hormone replacement drugs – around 50% chance

Thyroidectomy Side Effects

Thyroidectomy surgery side effects can include:

● Bleeding
● Pain in the neck
● Swelling around the incision site
● Temporary weak voice

Thyroidectomy Success Rates

The procedure’s success rate depends on the type of cancer being treated and its spread. If the procedure is performed due to cosmetic reasons, the success rate is in the high 90s.

Before and After Thyroidectomy

Once the thyroidectomy procedure is performed, patients will be required to take thyroid hormone replacement drugs. If the patient suffered from thyroid cancer, radioactive iodine therapy may be needed after the thyroidectomy procedure.

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KCM Clinic

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Kent Hospital

İzmir, Turkey
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Medical Park Bahcelievler Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
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Acibadem Bodrum Hospital

Muğla, Turkey
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Kolan British Hospital

Nicosia, Cyprus
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Ethica Incirli Hospital

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital

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Acibadem Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
4 reviews
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FROM€ 6,000
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Optimed Hospital

Tekirdağ, Turkey
ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
FROM€ 2,400
Average Ratings:  
63 reviews

Thyroidectomy Cost

Average Thyroidectomy costs are € 4,237, based on Thyroidectomy prices from 15 clinics. Cheapest Thyroidectomy cost is € 1,375 where Thyroidectomy prices can go up to € 6,000.

Thyroidectomy prices vary greatly depending on the clinic and the location. For example, Thyroidectomy in Turkey is a popular option where Thyroidectomy costs as low as € 2,400.

Please note that the Thyroidectomy prices listed on FlyMedi are the average price for Thyroidectomy procedures. Clinics may ask you to provide them with specific information about your medical condition in order to provide you a detailed cost estimate for Thyroidectomy procedures. To receive a personalized Thyroidectomy quote, please click HERE.

Thyroidectomy FAQ

?
When can I resume sports after the thyroidectomy procedure?

In around 2 weeks patients can resume vigorous sports or activities.

?
When can I return to work after thyroidectomy surgery?

Most patients return to work in around 10 days.

?
What are the chances of having permanent low calcium levels after the thyroidectomy procedure?

The risk is lower than 1%.