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Aortic Valve Replacement

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Aortic valve replacement surgery is a procedure, during which cardiologist replaces the aortic valve, one of the heart valves, with organic or artificial implant (mechanical heart valve). Usually it takes a form of open heart surgery; however, with the development of medicine, new, less invasive techniques such as TAVR were developed.

Aortic Valve Replacement Candidates

Aortic valve replacement is performed in order to deal with following heart valve diseases:
• Aortic stenosis - the light of the aortic valve is narrowing and this impedes blood flow.
• Aortic insufficiency / aortic regurgitation – heart valve does not close totally, letting the blood already pumped out of patient’s heart to enter it again. As a result heart’s volume starts to expand to accommodate this additional amount of blood.
Patients suffering from these heart valve diseases are potential candidates for aortic valve replacement surgery.

Am I Suitable for Aortic Valve Replacement?

If you suffer from aortic stenosis or aortic insufficiency, you are suitable for aortic valve replacement. Even patients who cannot undergo open heart surgery can decide for this procedure, with TAVR and other less invasive techniques developed especially for them.

Preparing for Aortic Valve Replacement

Preparation for aortic valve replacement begins a few days before this heart surgery. Patients need to consult with a cardiologist with regard for medicines they usually take – some of them (like popular aspirin) are blood-thinners and therefore cannot be taken before aortic valve replacement due to the risk of excessive bleeding. Smoking is also forbidden. During the day of operation, it is absolutely forbidden to eat or even drink – the stomach has to be empty in order to make a room for operating cardiologist. Paying attention to these precautionary steps increases the safety of aortic valve replacement surgery.

How is Aortic Valve Replacement Performed?

There are three main types of aortic valve replacement:
• Classical aortic valve replacement – it is an open heart surgery, the doctor cuts through sternum in order to reach the heart and then places a new implant of heart valve instead of the damaged aortic valve.
• MICS (minimally invasive cardiac surgery) - the cut is smaller than in the case of classical aortic valve replacement and the new heart valve is placed in the heart with the use of a special set of tools.
• TAVR (Transcatheter aortic valve replacement) – instead of longer incisions, in the case of TAVR a new heart valve is delivered through the caterer.

Still, the most popular type of aortic valve replacement is the classical one, other ones being proposed only if patients should not or cannot undergo an open heart surgery.

Aortic Valve Replacement Summary

Anesthesia

General anesthetic

Hospital Stay

7 - 10 days

Number of Trips Abroad

1

Duration of Operation

3 to 6 hours

Minimum Stay

4 to 6 weeks

Back to Sports

6-12 weeks

Aortic Valve Replacement Recovery

Since it is a quite serious, often open heart surgery, aortic valve replacement recovery is quite a long one. For the first weeks after arriving home it is better to focus on recovery rather than restoring physical activities. It is possible to think about working or doing sports around the 6th week from aortic valve replacement surgery, but recovery period may last even longer up to 12 weeks.

Aortic Valve Replacement Risks and Complications

Since it is a serious heart surgery, aortic valve replacement carries some potential risk worth considering, including:
• Excessive bleeding
• Infection
• Kidney failure
• Allergic reaction to medicines
• Problems with breathing
• Nerve damage
• Heart attack
• Stroke
• In extreme cases – death

Aortic Valve Replacement Side Effects

The biggest side effect of aortic valve replacement is definitely a long recovery period, lasting up to 12 weeks. In the first days, it is also possible that a temporary pacemaker will be attached to your heart. Similarly, you may have a tube attached to your chest in order to drain fluids. For the first days or even weeks, you will be assisted by some amount of pain but this should be manageable with painkillers prescribed by your heart specialist.

Aortic Valve Replacement Success Rates

According to sources, only around 5% of aortic valve replacement patients die. That means that close to 95% of patients were successfully operated.

Before and After Aortic Valve Replacement

As the time passes, you will feel an increasing difference as compared to the period before aortic valve replacement. Your heart will work more properly, symptoms of heart valve diseases will fade and you will be able to enjoy a better life.

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Average Ratings:  
99 reviews

Aortic Valve Replacement Cost

Average Aortic Valve Replacement costs are € 9,857, based on Aortic Valve Replacement prices from 19 clinics. Cheapest Aortic Valve Replacement cost is € 7,000 where Aortic Valve Replacement prices can go up to € 11,214.

Aortic Valve Replacement prices vary greatly depending on the clinic and the location. For example, Aortic Valve Replacement in Turkey is a popular option where Aortic Valve Replacement costs as low as € 7,000.

Please note that the Aortic Valve Replacement prices listed on FlyMedi are the average price for Aortic Valve Replacement procedures. Clinics may ask you to provide them with specific information about your medical condition in order to provide you a detailed cost estimate for Aortic Valve Replacement procedures. To receive a personalized Aortic Valve Replacement quote, please click HERE.

Aortic Valve Replacement FAQ

?
What is better: Animal or Mechanical Heart Valve?

There is no better type. For some patients, mechanical heart valve will be better while others will choose the organic one. It is better to consult your doctor regarding the details and pros and cons of both of them.

?
What Can Heart Valve Diseases Be Dealt with by Aortic Valve Replacement?

There are two main diseases which require treatment by aortic valve replacement surgery. These are; aortic stenosis (the light of valve is too small to pump all the blood) and aortic insufficiency (when a heart valve is not closing completely).

?
Which Technique is Better: Classical Aortic Valve Replacement or TAVR?

In most of the cases of patients with aortic stenosis or aortic insufficiency, cardiologists suggest classical aortic valve replacement. Currently, TAVR and MISC is used predominantly in cases where the patient cannot undergo an open heart surgery.