Kidneys are twin organs positioned in the lower abdomen. They are crucial to proper waste utilization and disposal. However, millions of people all around the world are suffering from renal diseases like kidney infection, which may lead to kidney failure. Kidney infection symptoms include frequent urge to urinate, pain during urination or kidney pain. Other symptoms of kidney disease include fever and general abdominal pain, together with strange smell or colour of urine. All of this may end with kidney failure. Kidney failure symptoms are even more severe, since it is a life-threatening condition. Among them are pain in chest, confusion and nausea, swelling of body parts due to fluid retention and even possibly a coma. If this is the case, the medical intervention is absolutely necessary. There are two main kidney failure treatments: dialysis and kidney transplant. However, dialysis is nowadays treated as a temporary solution and the preferred one is kidney transplant surgery. Still, there is a big deal of confusion surrounding these treatments. Therefore, in this short article we will present some simple facts about kidney transplant.
1. Dialysis and Kidney Transplant Surgery
This is the main question asked by patients. While dialysis and kidney transplant are both effective treatments for kidney failure, their usefulness is different in a long run. Dialysis is definitely less convenient than kidney transplant surgery because patients need to visit hospital every second day or even more often and spend there up to 4 hours. Additionally, patients with kidney dialysis have life expectancy lower than these with kidney transplant surgery. Nowadays, most of the people struggling with kidney failure symptoms use kidney dialysis only while waiting for a kidney donor.
2. Is Kidney Transplant Surgery Risky?
Kidney transplant surgery is relatively safe procedure. Still, there are several kidney transplant complications possible. There’s always the possibility of kidney infection or general infection but these can be suppressed by antibiotics. The light of the arteries may get narrower as a result of kidney transplant and therefore the vascular operation may be conducted. Blood clots also may form and block blood flow or urine flow, therefore blocking ureter. In the long run, some types of cancer or diabetes may develop as kidney transplant complications. Finally, immunosuppressant used by patients after kidney transplant may have various side effects. However, in case of kidney failure we have to choose between dialysis and kidney transplant. Most of the people decide for the second one.
3. Who Can Be a Donor for Kidney Transplant Surgery?
The kidney donor criteria are varying from country to country. Generally there are two types of kidney donations: from living kidney donors and from deceased ones. Many people prefer to have it from the living kidney donor, especially from family or friends. However, there’s also a big market of kidney donations for money. Still, this trade is limited in many countries, including most of the European states, Turkey, or India, and allow only kidney donations from family or friends. From the medical point of view, kidney donor requirements include lack of kidney diseases, generally healthy body, and absence of diseases like diabetes. Additionally, many people believe that matching tissue types are an important condition for successful kidney transplant surgery. Nevertheless, it is not the case. Specialists underline that with modern knowledge it is possible to conduct without matching tissues and it is better than living on dialysis.
4. What Is the Kidney Transplant Life Expectancy?
Kidney transplant life expectancy is currently almost as long as the life expectancy of people not suffering from kidney infection symptoms or kidney failure. Patients who decided for kidney transplant surgery are expected to live much longer than people who stay on dialysis.
5. Is Kidney Failure a Condition for Kidney Transplant Surgery?
No, it is not a case. People with acute kidney infection symptoms or other kidney diseases with big probability will develop kidney failure symptoms in the future. In this way, the earlier they will decide for kidney transplant procedure, the better. However, it is better to consult a specialist on this matter.