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Eye Surgery

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There are hundreds of people who use eyeglasses because of the Myopia diagnosis while trying to live on with a problematic vision ability. According to a study conducted and published in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology in 2016, in the United States, the number of people who have Myopia rose from about 25% in the early 1970s to 40% around the turn of the millennium. Moreover, 9.6 million adults in the US have high Myopia or are severely nearsighted.

If you are following the news and the technological developments about correcting the eye errors, you would see that the laser eye surgery benefits are one of the most trending subjects all over the world.
Among all eye correction operations, LASIK draws attention with its popularity and high success rate. LASIK, which is a very effective and safe treatment method to correct refractive errors, increases its popularity as it makes many people see clearly again.

Everyone wants to have a clear vision. The basic rule for a clear vision is that the eye’s cornea and lens must refract the light rays properly. This basic rule allows all images to be focused on the retina. If not, the images will be seen blurry. This blurriness has its own name: Refractive error. The reason for refractive errors is the difference between the shape of the cornea and the length of the eye. The main types of refractive errors are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), presbyopia (loss of near vision with age), and astigmatism.

To able to see clearly, the cornea and the lens must bend or refract the light rays to focus on the retina which is a layer of light-sensing cells that line the back of the eye. If the light rays don’t focus on the retina, you begin to see everything blurry. This is called a refractive error. Basic types of refractive errors are nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism or presbyopia. The aim of glasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgeries is to eliminate these errors by making light rays focus on the retina.

What is LASIK eye surgery? LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is a very popular laser eye surgery to treat myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism.

It is a new generation of laser eye surgery, conducted by an ophthalmologist to improve the eyesight of patients and in many cases – to allow patients to get rid of the glasses. During LASIK eye surgery, a flap in the eye’s outer layer (epithelium) is created. The surgeon folds back the flap, then removes some corneal tissue underneath by the help of the laser. Then the flap is placed back, where the corneal tissue was removed.