In Vitro Fertilization


Reciprocal IVF – What Is It?

Reciprocal IVF is a type of IVF (in vitro fertilization) treatment that allows lesbian couples who do not have infertility to have a baby of their own. The definition of reciprocal IVF is the same as regular IVF, however in this procedure eggs are retrieved from one partner and used to fertilize with a qualified donor sperm which is taken from a sperm bank, then fertilized embryos are transferred into the other partner’s uterus.

IVF is an abbreviation for ‘in vitro fertilization’. The Latin term “in vitro” literally meaning “in glass”. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining surgically retrieved eggs and a sperm sample in a laboratory. After 2–5 days, the fertilized embryo(s) are transferred into the uterus. 

If it is necessary to begin with the main question of “What is IVF?”, we may say that the literal definition of in vitro fertilization is “fertilization in a laboratory dish”. The word “in vitro” meaning “in glass” can refer to a test tube or laboratory dish. IVF is a “fertilization” process by retrieving eggs and combining a sperm sample with those eggs manually in a laboratory dish. The last step of the “cycle” is to transfer those fertilized embryos into the uterus. The answer of “how it works?” question is quite simple, however what is more difficult is to wait after this last step. Two weeks after the embryo transfer, a blood test can determine whether transfer resulted in a pregnancy or not.