Among females, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world, according to the announcement of American Cancer Society in September 2018. Almost every woman is aware of this danger and wants to take all the necessary measures. Although this issue is of concern to all women, the age at which controls become more necessary can define as 40+. As we all know, the sooner the cancer is detected, the better the chance of treatment and survival. Self-examination of breast cancer, which has a very important place in cancer detection, is a very easy way to understand your body and to know that something may not be right. Although self-examination of breast cancer is not enough for a definitive diagnosis, it’s a great way to be aware of changes in your body.[1]

As October is the month of cancer awareness, in this article we will talk about self-examination which is very important in diagnosing this common disease.

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How To Make a Self-Examination of Breast Cancer?

First of all, it is necessary to know that you need some time for self-examination of breast cancer so that you can understand what is normal for your body.
Self-examination of breast cancer should be regular for a certain period of time and you should observe the changes. Not all cancers are fully identified in this way, but this method is still very important.

For breasts, there is a rule that should be a size and shape. What’s normal for a person may not be for someone else. The important thing is that the person knows the shape and size of their breasts well. And with a regular self-examination of breast cancer process you may start to learn it.
It is better to wait 3 to 5 days after your period ends for making self-examination of breast cancer. Because hormonal changes before your period can cause a temporary thickening in your breast that goes away after your period.

There are three stages in brief for self-examination of breast cancer.

Looking at your breast in the mirror: Examine the shape of your breasts and nipples by standing in front of the mirror. Raise your arms and look at your breasts, compare the two. Start by getting to know your breasts with your hands.

Touching examination:

At this stage, try to feel your breasts and nipples with your fingertips, under the skin of your breasts and your fat tissue. Examine your breasts for any abnormalities by touching them around the breast circumference, collarbone, underarm, bra line. Try to do it while lying down, sitting and standing. Get a smooth touch of medium hardness with the first few fingers of your hand and keep your fingers straight. Try to use circular motions.


Learn about your breast type and size that is normal for you, in short, what is actually not abnormal. The shape and shape of the breast may not be exactly the same in every woman. There may be some congenital shape and tissue differences. Share some of the signs such as such as lumps, with your doctor before you worry about some signs that don’t mean sickness. Your doctor may ask for additional examinations or may say that there is no abnormality in your findings. These differences are usually compatible with your body structure.

How Is Cancer Detected After Self-Examination of Breast Cancer?breast cancer survivors

If you feel a lump in the breast or you have any dimpling, puckering, thickening or swelling in your self-examination, do not start to worry, just see your doctor. Your doctor, who wants to evaluate your findings on your self-examination of breast cancer, directs you to other examinations. Mammography is the most commonly used screening method for the detection of breast cancer. Technologies such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and molecular breast imaging are generally evaluated in addition to mammography and are not the first referral screening tools. The American Cancer Society recommends women ages 40 to 44 should have a choice to start yearly screening mammograms. Women ages 45 to 54 should have a mammogram each year and those 55 years and over should continue getting mammograms every 1 to 2 years.

Your doctor examines the structure and type of the lumps displayed in your mammography result. Then, if he or she wants to be surer, goes into other stages in cancer detection. The only way to confirm the cancer is to have a doctor perform needle aspiration or surgical biopsy to collect and test cancer cells.

In Which Situations Should You Worry While Making Self-Examination of Breast Cancer?

The answer to this question is, none. You shouldn’t worry for any of your findings before you see your doctor. Because the least needed feeling in your self-examination of breast cancer is the worry. You should make this necessary and effective application with a full of awareness and realism. Of course, in some cases, you will feel some abnormal tissues and lumps, but there is no need to feel upset and depressed in advance without talking with your doctor.

Does Every Lump You Found in Self-Examination Refer Cancer?

First of all, most breast lumps are not cancer. In fact, more than 80 percent of them end up being benign. In a small percentage of women, a painful breast lump turns out to be cancer. Although the majority of lumps are benign, it is still very important to see your doctor if you notice changes to your breasts.
Cancerous lumps usually tend to be more irregular in shape. They are generally firm or solid and may attach to the tissue in the breast. They are also often painless. However, in a small percentage of women, a painful breast lump turns out to be cancer.

Cysts that you may find in your self-examination of breast cancer, are the fluid-filled version of the lumps. They are common in the breasts and are benign. They usually tend to be smooth or round and they exist inside breast glands.

According to the common findings, while detecting during the self-examination of breast cancer, these common descriptions may help you. However, it is impossible to tell by making self-examination of breast cancer whether a lump is cancer.

You just continue to make your self-examination of breast cancer routine. You may also keep a diary to watch the differences on your breasts. Try to contribute the general awareness. But of course, do not try to diagnose yourself and do not worry about every touch. You surely already know that only your doctor may examine and define all of your findings with displaying and testing methods.

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1 Comment

  1. Since I’m a middle aged woman, I found your post very helpful. Most of my friends don’t know how to exemine themselves. I’ll share this post with them. thanks a lot!

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