Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Sights to See
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
Things to Know
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Gynecomastia, also known as “man boobs” is a very common disorder that affects up to 70% of adolescents, but also older males. Gynecomastia causes can include hormonal changes, certain types of medications, drugs and certain health conditions. Hormonal changes can lead to breast development in men, especially during puberty. The increase in bust usually passes on its own in six months to two years. Older males can also experience gynecomastia, mostly due to a decrease in testosterone production caused by the natural aging process. Around 1 in 4 men, aged between 50 and 80 will suffer from gynecomastia at some point in their lives. Certain medications such as drugs used to treat prostate cancer, diazepam, valium, AIDS medications, antibiotics, and antidepressants can also cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is also linked with the consumption of alcohol and certain types of drugs such as marijuana, amphetamines and heroin.
Around 75% of gynecomastia cases pass by themselves within 2 years, without the need for any type of treatment. Gynecomastia without surgery is not an option if the condition lasts for more than two years, as medications will be ineffective. In most cases, gynecomastia exercises have little or no effect, so the only option is the surgery.
Some of the most popular surgical techniques used for gynecomastia treatment include:
● Subcutaneous mastectomy, also known as gynecomastia surgery
● Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
● Laser assisted mastectomy
● Laser-lipolysis without liposuction
Gynecomastia removal is recommended for individuals with a growing bust, either due to fatty tissue or enlarged breast tissue.
Am I Suitable for Gynecomastia?
Overweight patients or patients with serious health conditions may not be suitable for gynecomastia surgery.
Preparing for Gynecomastia
The patient should stop taking any blood thinners such as aspirin at least 2 weeks before the gynecomastia surgery.
How is Gynecomastia Performed?
Gynecomastia symptoms may look the same, but the causes are different. There are two main gynecomastia treatment options. If the patient suffers from gynecomastia from a simple build up of fatty tissue in the bust area, a liposuction procedure is a viable gynecomastia treatment. If the patient suffers from enlarged breast tissue, an intraareolar semilunar incision is required, sometimes combined with a liposuction procedure. In both cases the procedure is done under local anaesthesia, making it practically painless.
Local or General anesthetic
Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital
Duration of Operation
1 to 2 hours
Back to Work
3 to 4 days
The Gynecomastia surgery recovery period lasts around 3-4 weeks but the patient may return to work and normal activities in around 3-4 days. The gynecomastia recovery period requires wearing a special type of corset for two weeks – the corset speeds up the healing process and also reduces the chance of complications such as edema.
Gynecomastia Risks and Complications
Gynecomastia surgery, just like any type of plastic surgery has a few risks that need to be taken into consideration:
● Breast asymmetry
Gynecomastia Side Effects
Gynecomastia surgery side effects can include bruising, discomfort, slight pain which can be soothed with painkillers, scarring, bleeding and a temporary loss of sensitivity in the nipple.
Gynecomastia Success Rates
A gynecomastia surgery survey based on 126 gynecomastia patient reviews sets the patient satisfaction rate at 82%, one year after the surgery was performed. Recurrence rates are between 15 and 35% for cases treated with liposuction and just short of 10% for cases treated with excision.
Before and After Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia before and after pictures might look appealing, but the doctor’s instructions need to be followed thoroughly for the gynecomastia removal surgery to be a success.