Heart transplant surgery is an open-heart
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Heart transplant surgery is an open-heart surgery during the surgeons perform heart transplantation for the patient’s who have hearts that are severely weakened by heart diseases. These heart diseases can be congestive heart failures, repeating heart attacks, and other heart failure symptoms.
Heart transplant operation is an expensive procedure and if it is not covered by public or private health insurance, it is unaffordable for many patients. Therefore, many patients choose to undergo heart transplant operations abroad, where the price is more affordable.
The patients who suffer from several heart diseases such as constant heart attacks and heart failure are the candidates for heart transplantation. In such cases, a heart transplant operation can prolong the life of patients with good living standards.
The heart transplant operation is a serious, often a risky surgery and it is not the solution to all heart diseases. Heart transplantation is recommended only when successive heart failures lead to severe heart disability and it is known that it will not continue to function for long. Also, by the cardiologists, it is assessed whether a patient would survive a heart transplant operation or not.
Before the operation, the patients must undergo several tests, with the results of these tests, the doctors would decide if the heart transplant surgery is safe for them. Also, cancer cells are searched by the medical team who will perform heart transplantation operation since cancer makes this surgery impossible.
To perform a heart transplant operation, a heart donor with a compatible blood group is required. Heart donors are usually people with brain death, who themselves or whose families agreed for heart transplantation. Some patients experience difficulties finding a suitable heart transplant in the time since there are more heart transplant patients than potential heart donors.
The heart transplant operation is performed in three stages.
During the first stage of heart transplantation surgery, a cardiologist along with medical team removes the heart from the donor’s body. After the heart transplant operation needs to be performed within hours from removal and the heart needs to be kept on ice until the last stage begins.
During the second stage of heart transplant operation, the surgeon removes the old heart from the patient’s body and plugs the patient to a machine that functions as a heart until the heart transplantation process is finished.
In the third stage, which is the last stage of the procedure, the surgeons place the heart from the heart donor into the heart transplant patient's body and connect it with the blood circulation system. After, the incision site is closed, and the operation is completed.
Up to a case
Up to a case
After the operation, for a couple of days, the patients are kept in intensive care to observe the donor's heart. After, the patients stay in the regular rooms. After the heart transplant, the patients generally stay in the hospital for around a week after that they are let go. Also, during heart transplant recovery, the patients get used to several medications that are taken to prevent heart transplant rejection along with other post-operational complications.
Some of the patients choose to not work after the operation. However, it is known that working after heart transplantation operation is quite normal and it is probably better for the patients.
Since heart transplantation is a serious open-heart surgery, it involves some risks and complications. The most significant risk of heart transplant surgery is heart transplant rejection. Several immunosuppressing drugs need to be taken by the patients to prevent transplant rejection but still, they may not be strong enough. In such cases, a new heart transplant or other alternative solutions would be discussed. Also, heart transplant operation involves some other risks such as infections, heart diseases including heart failure and cardiovascular disease, in addition to the damage to other vital organs caused by medications regularly prescribed to heart transplant patients.
The heart transplant operation has several side effects such as lowered immunity to infections due to medications that are taken to prevent the heart transplant patients’ bodies from rejecting donor hearts.
With the develops of new techniques and new generations of medications, the success rate of the heart transplant operation increases. An average heart transplant life expectancy is as high as 9 years and grows. 1-year heart transplant success rate is at 87%, while 5-years heart transplant success rate is estimated to be 57%.
What Is a Heart Transplant Surgery?
Heart transplant operation is a kind of open-heart surgery in which a cardiologist with supporting medical team performs heart transplantation for patients whose own hearts are unable to function normally. Heart transplant surgery is only performed in cases of serious heart diseases.
How Long Do Heart Transplants Last?
On average, a heart transplant life expectancy is estimated to be 9 years on average.
How Many Heart Transplants Can a Person Have?
Every new heart transplant surgery is less likely to be successful. Additionally, donor hearts implanted through heart transplantation tend to last shorter and shorter with every heart transplant procedure performed. Up to the third heart transplant surgery is performed without bigger problems but statistically, the fourth heart transplant procedure prolongs patient’s life by only a few months.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.