Many women who have ovarian cysts are able to have an operation. Even though some of the pregnant patients worry about undergoing ovarian cyst removal, it is known that laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy causes no harm to pregnant patients. Yet other medical problems should be taken into consideration before applying the treatment, since some of the conditions may block this process.
Initially, you should inform your doctor about your medical condition and the medicines you are using. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking medicines with blood-thinner qualities such as aspirin since it may cause extensive bleeding after the operation. Also, before the operation, you should fast for several hours, and it may be needed to have a mechanical bowel preparation.
How It Is Performed
Ovarian cyst removal operation can be performed in two different ways:
• Laparoscopic ovarian cyst removal surgery– In this method, several small incisions are made by a medical tool called laparoscope. Surgeons perform the operation and the removal through these incisions.
• Laparotomy for ovarian cyst – This operation is performed by making a big cut where the cyst located, and surgeons remove it through this cut.
Sometimes, the removal of ovaries is deemed necessary. Additionally, if a cyst is a sign of ovarian cancer, further resection may be conducted, involving hysterectomy surgery.
Ovarian cyst removal recovery period varies depending on the kind of the operation. Patients who had laparoscopic ovarian cyst removal surgery are mostly able to leave the hospital after the operation day while patients who had laparotomy needs stay a little longer. Recovery time from laparoscopic ovarian cyst removal surgery is 2 weeks while it is 6-8 weeks for laparotomy
Scars After Surgery
After the laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy or laparoscopic ovary removal, there might be small scars which are hardly seen. However, laparotomy leaves bigger and more visible scars after the operation.
There might be some risks and complications regarding the ovarian cyst removal such as internal bleeding, infection, and damage to bowels or bladder.
If the treatment involves the removal of the ovaries, then it may result in infertility or lower fertility.
Ovarian cyst treatment has proven to be a successful one, with more than 90% healed thanks to ovarian cyst removal and not experiencing any complications.
When Treatment of Ovarian Cyst Requires Removal of Ovaries?
If the doctors diagnose you with ovarian cancer, then it might be necessary to remove the ovaries.
When Do Doctors Decide for Laparotomy instead of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
Laparotomy might be required when it is not possible to remove a big-sized ovarian cyst with a laparoscope.
Is an Ovarian Cyst always a Reason for a Cyst Removal Surgery?
Absolutely not. If the cyst does not involve ovarian cancer indications, then most probably it would dissolve naturally without any medical intervention. That's why doctors prefer to wait for some time before deciding about ovarian cyst surgery.
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This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.