Oncology is one of the subjects of medicine, that is concerned with
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Oncology is one of the subjects of medicine, that is concerned with tumors and cancer treatment. Cancer is the medical condition, in which body cells start to mutate and become risky for the patient’s health or life. There are many kinds of cancer, involving lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and soft tissue cancers such as various sarcomas.
The history of oncology is very brief in its modern form, but people have been observing tumors and cancer for thousands of years. They only described the kinds that can be seen from outside. The term “oncology” comes from Galen, who used the Greek word ‘oncos’ (swelling) to describe tumors of all kind and ‘cancer’ (crab) for their malignant forms. Up until the 19th century, people used Greek and Roman cancer treatments, they were mainly based on “humors” which had almost no effect. The reason for that is the fact they lacked knowledge of cells. The advent of microscope uses in medicine, as well as the discovery of radiation by Marie Curie-Skłodowska, had an important contribution to the development of oncology and cancer treatments.
Oncology involves different types of treatment methods. Oncology operation is performed only when there is a chance for the removal of cancer. So, the surgery is generally performed in the early stages of cancer when cancer has not spread to other parts of the patient’s body via metastasis. However, in later stages, the doctor performs chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy treatment involves the use of strong drugs during the treatment. These drugs used in the treatment kill cancer cells, but they can cause collateral damage in the patient’s body as well. During radiation therapy, radiation is used by doctors for effective cancer treatment. Radiation may be emitted by a machine (external radiation therapy) or injected/swallowed (internal radiation therapy). However, these treatment techniques are not all the alternatives for oncology treatment. Apart from these treatment techniques, there are novel, experimental therapies as well such as gene therapies, targeted therapies, etc. which bring even a brighter future for cancer patients.
It is thought that only the elder patients suffer from cancer, but the truth is seemingly healthy young people might have a tumor or suffer from early stages of cancer as well. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to all cancer symptoms. Specifically, skin cancers such as melanomas or soft tissue cancers are usually noticeable with time, allowing for rather quick identification and successful cancer treatment.
Because of the growth of medical tourism, many patients choose to get their treatment abroad. In some countries, more advanced therapies are not refunded, and the patients want to pay themselves to get the best treatment for cancer. It is popular among patients from Western Europe and the US to get treatment in India, where the costs of cancer treatment are low and cheaper. However, closer to Europe there are other health tourism destinations that offer comparable cancer care for a similar price. The cost of chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be very expensive in some of the most popular oncology institutions in the world, such as USA, Australia, and the UK, the patients choose to go to other alternative medical tourism destinations where the costs of treatments are more affordable. For instance, the cost of chemotherapy is very cheap in Turkey and India. For example, Turkey attracts patients with its top-end clinics and doctors. Also, India has welcomed so many international patients in recent years.
Most Common Cancer Treatments Abroad
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.