Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the effects and treatment of presbyopia. Presbyopia is a condition in which the
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
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● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
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● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the effects and treatment of presbyopia. Presbyopia is a condition in which the eyes have a diminished ability to focus on near objects. It can also be confused with nearsightedness or myopia. The condition is caused by loss of elasticity of the patient’s natural eye lens and changes in the lens’ curvature.
Presbyopia symptoms include one or more of the following:
● Problems focusing on fine writing or small objects
● Difficulty seeing in dim light
● Patients often have headaches while reading
Most of these symptoms appear when the patient is around 40 or 50 years old. As the patient gets older, the ability to focus on near objects declines steadily, unless treated with presbyopia surgery. Even patients with no prior sight problem can develop presbyopia after age 40. Patients already suffering from myopia will notice further decline in their ability to focus, even while wearing classes or contact lenses.
Presbyopia can be diagnosed through an eye examination – the doctor will test the patient’s refractive power, the retina, the patient’s visual acuity or sharpness of vision and the condition of the patient’s eye muscles.
Presbyopia is very widespread – over a billion people worldwide are affected by this condition, hence the need for a safe and reliable presbyopia treatment.
Presbyopia treatment is recommended for patients over 40 who rely on glasses or contact lenses for reading purposes, and still have trouble in focusing on smaller objects or text.
Presbyopia treatment or presbyopia surgery is not recommended for the following groups of individuals:
● Pregnant patients
● Patients suffering from diabetes
● Patients suffering from other eye problems such as glaucoma or cataract
● Patients born with a larger diameter pupil or a very thin cornea
Patients need to have a thorough eye examination in order to ensure eligibility for the presbyopia treatment, since the condition is so similar to myopia. Patients should stop wearing contact lenses and makeup for a few days before the presbyopia treatment is set to begin – contact lenses may damage the cornea even further and makeup can interfere with the presbyopia treatment.
Presbyopia treatment or presbyopia surgery is usually performed under a local anaesthetic. A very precise excimer laser is used for this procedure. Once the anaesthesia kicks in, the excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea, thus correcting far, near and intermediate vision. The laser can be applied to one or both eyes and it only lasts around 10 minutes. Patients will regain good vision at all distances.
Overnight stay is not required
Patients can return to work and normal activities the next day after presbyopia treatment. Driving is allowed after a few weeks. Patients must refrain from touching or rubbing their eyes. Swimming in the ocean is forbidden after the presbyopia surgery. The eye doctor will provide patients with eye drops and a full set of guidelines that ensure the success of the procedure.
Presbyopia treatment risks and complications include:
● Infection in the eye region
● Revision surgery
Presbyopia treatment side effects include:
● Itchy eyes
● Redness around the eyes
● Dry eyes
● Increased sensitivity to light
Presbyopia treatment reviews set the average success rate at 77%.
Some patients may still rely on reading glasses in dim light but most patients will enjoy near-perfect vision in 2-3 weeks from the presbyopia treatment.