Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the effects and treatment of presbyopia. The patients who have presbyopia experience a weakened ability to focus on near objects. This condition can be confused with nearsightedness or myopia as well. Presbyopia causes a loss of elasticity in the eye lens and alters the lens’ curvature.
Some of the symptoms of presbyopia involve:
● Problems focusing on fine writing or small objects
● Difficulty seeing in dim light
● Patients often have headaches while reading
Usually, these symptoms are mostly experienced when the patient is around 40 or 50 years old. If presbyopia treatment is not performed, with aging the ability to focus the near objects is declined gradually. Also, after the age of 40, even the patients without previous eyesight issues might develop presbyopia. The patients with myopia would notice more decline in their ability to focus, even while wearing glasses or contact lenses.
The doctors can diagnose presbyopia with an eye examination. The doctor would be examining the patient's refractive power, the retina, the patient's visual acuity or sharpness of vision, and the condition of the patient's eye muscles.
Presbyopia is a very common condition which affects over a billion people around the world. Therefore, there is a need for a safe and reliable presbyopia treatment for many people.
For the patients who are over 40 and need glasses or contact lenses for reading, and still experience problems in focusing on smaller objects or texts, presbyopia treatment is advised.
For the patients with the following conditions presbyopia treatment or presbyopia, surgery is not recommended.
● Pregnant patients
● Patients with diabetes
● Patients suffering from other eye problems such as glaucoma or cataract
● Patients born with a larger diameter pupil or a very thin cornea
An eye examination is required to decide on the patient’s suitability for the presbyopia treatment since the condition is very similar to myopia. A couple of days before the presbyopia treatment, patients need to stop wearing contact lenses and makeup. Since contact lenses might be harmful to the cornea and the makeup may interfere with the presbyopia treatment.
Generally, presbyopia treatment is performed under local anesthesia. A very precise excimer laser is used for this procedure. As the anesthesia starts showing its effect, the doctors start using the excimer laser to reshape the cornea, thus correcting far, near and intermediate vision. The laser can be applied to one or both eyes. Also, the procedure takes only around 10 minutes. After the operation, the patients would regain their good vision at all distances.
Overnight stay is not required
A day after the presbyopia treatment, patients can continue working and normal activities. A couple of weeks after the procedure, the patient can drive. Touching and rubbing the eyes should be avoided. Also, after the operation, swimming in the ocean is forbidden. After the operation in order to provide a successful process, the eye doctor would give the patients eye drops and a set of guidelines.
Presbyopia treatment has several risks and complications, which are an infection in the eye region and revision surgery.
Presbyopia treatment has several side effects which involve itchiness in the eyes, redness around the eyes, dry eyes, and increased sensitivity to light.
Presbyopia treatment has a success rate around 77%.
After the operation, for some of the patients reading glasses might be needed in dim light, but many patients enjoy near-perfect vision in 2-3 weeks after the presbyopia treatment.
- Is the procedure painful?
No, the procedure does not cause pain to the patients, but mild discomfort caused by dry or itchy eyes can be experienced. These post-op effects of the presbyopia treatment are easily soothed with eye drops which will be provided by the eye doctor.
- Can it compromise the patient’s distance vision?
No, presbyopia treatment using the excimer laser has no ill effect on the patient’s distance vision. Even if the patient may be a part of the 23% that still relies on glasses after the surgery, the patient’s vision will not be affected in any way by the presbyopia treatment.
- How long do the effects of this procedure last?
The patients can benefit from the results of presbyopia surgery for 20-30 years. There is no limit to the effects of the presbyopia treatment. However, the patients might experience other sight issues such as cataract, but these conditions can be treated simply through other interventions.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in September, 2019.