Blastomas are embryonic tumors that develop during tissue or organ development because of a genetic dysfunction rather than environmental factors. Their origin is often not known due to the small differentiation of the cells. It is not uncommon for them to have parts of epithelial or mesenchymal tissue.
Due to the rapid growth of blastomas, surgery should be performed as soon as possible. With increasing time and size of the tumor, more cells migrate into the environment and the tumor consequently expands further and further. At the same time, the risk of surgery increases. The operation should therefore ideally take place within 1–2 weeks after diagnosis. The good thing is that blastomas respond well to treatment. The treatment strategies created for blastoma are similar to those for other types of cancer. The current "standard therapy" for blastoma consists of a combination of microsurgical tumor removal, radiation, and chemotherapy.
Who Is This For?
Those who have been diagnosed with blastoma.
Blastoma is more common in children than in adults. Blastomas are usually found in children before the age of 5, and some blastomas are found at birth. Babies under the age of 1 respond to treatment more quickly than older children.
It depends on the current condition of the disease, the speed of response and progression, and the need for additional treatments.
Potential Risks & Side Effects
Fatigue and discomfort may occur for a while after surgery, and chemotherapy may also cause fatigue, nausea and hair loss. The healing process can be long or short, completely dependent on the individual progression of each patient and the response of the blastoma to treatment.
Success Rate: 75-90%
How Does it Work?
To decide on the most appropriate treatment, your doctor must first find out what type of blastoma you have. For this, firstly, the location of the blastoma is determined by a series of tests. Then, the treatment plan for the detected organ is prepared. Surgery is seen as the first option and treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy accompany the surgery. The course of treatment will continue until the test results show that blastoma completely leaves the body.
What Does a Blastoma Treatment Involve?
1. Consultation for Blastoma Treatment
Your treatment process under the guidance of FlyMedi begins with an online consultation. Our experts listen to your story, your child’s health status, your imaging and testing results, and your expectations. It is important to share all your health information that may be useful at this stage.
2. Planning Your Trip and Choosing the Clinic
You will be informed about successful, well-equipped and experienced clinics and doctors to carry out the treatment that suits you without waiting for you anymore. By doing your own research, you decide on one of them. Considering the sensitivity of the treatment and the importance of time, we immediately start the calendar and trip planning phase.
3. Final Consultation with Your Surgeon
When you arrive at the clinic, you will have a face-to-face consultation with your doctor. Everything about your treatment will be discussed and decided during this consultation. The doctor will ask you some questions to try to understand your expectations and goals better and also make you understand what you should expect from your treatment and the potential risks or complications of the procedure. Your doctor will explain the whole process in detail and try to clarify each step as much as possible, in order you to feel enlightened and ready.
4. Medical Examinations
Before the blastoma treatment begins, your doctor will conduct physical and blood tests to make sure that you are in acceptable health status for the process. Surgeons make those tests also to find out if cancer has spread from where it started to other parts of the body. Every patient is required to undergo medical tests to ensure that nothing can hinder the success of the procedure and if any risk obtained, surgeons try to eliminate them first.
After the whole preparation period, it's time to relax and trust your experienced doctor and clinic, who will help you to get rid of the blastomas you/your child have/has and to take a step to a healthier and long life. The blastoma treatment will consist of the following steps:
You need some imaging tests to assess the location and size of the blastoma before the surgery begins.
2. Surgery: If the tumor is close to large blood vessels or vital organs, removing the entire tumor can damage healthy tissues and organs. In these cases, parts of the tumor can be left in the body after surgery, and these parts can be destroyed with additional treatments such as chemotherapy or less often radiation. During surgery, doctors also remove lymph nodes close to the blastoma to examine if they have cancer under a microscope. Because lymph nodes are usually the first place where cancer has spread. If cancer is found in the lymph nodes, additional treatments may be needed to eliminate blastoma cells in the body.
3. Check-ups: As after every medical intervention, regular attendance to outpatient check-ups are recommended to be able to carry out an exact assessment of the current health status of the patients.
What Should I Expect from Blastoma Treatment?
In addition to taking care of your children well after the surgery and during the entire treatment process, you should also care about comforting yourselves. All post-operative care and follow-up suggestions for your child will be presented to you in detail. Clinics and doctors will help you during the entire treatment. The only thing you should not forget during this process is to be calm and hopeful. Such an approach will allow you to survive this challenging but highly successful treatment process stronger and easier.
Does Blastoma Recur?
Although the response rate of primary treatments is high, blastoma may recur after treatment. The place of origin can be the same place or other areas of the body.
What Are the Types Of Blastoma?
The types of blastoma vary according to the organ from which they are formed, these are:
What Is the Survival Rate of Neuroblastoma?
While the 5-year survival rate of low-risk neuroblastoma is higher than 95%, the 5-year survival rate of intermediate-risk neuroblastoma is between 90% to 95% and 5-year survival rate of high-risk neuroblastoma is around 40% to 50%.
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