Skin cancer treatment is usually quite easy and less invasive than in other types of cancer such as lung cancer or pancreatic cancer. However, as
Skin cancer treatment is usually quite easy and less invasive than in other types of cancer such as lung cancer or pancreatic cancer. However, as with other carcinomas, it is important to spot cancer before it reaches more advanced stages.
There are many different types of skin cancer. Apart from the place where they occur, their common feature is the cause of skin cancer, which usually is an overt exposure to the sun. Skin cancers are one of the most popular types of cancer, affecting hundreds of thousands of people every year. The good news is – most of them are easily treated. There are two main types of skin cancer:
• Non-melanoma skin cancers – these are more easily treated and include basal cell cancer, squamous skin cancer. These skin cancers are usually concentrated on the outside layers of skin and do not reach deeper, at least not in the first stages.
• Melanoma skin cancers – these types of skin cancer are more malign due to their tendency to grow inwards, easily affecting other organs in one’s body.
Skin cancer is easy to spot if we do pay attention to our skin, especially its parts which are exposed to the sun. People sunbathing extensively are especially at risk of getting skin cancer. However, there are ways of sunbathing which minimalise this risk such as sunbathing in later hours (after 3 pm) or using sun cream. Abnormal skin change belongs to the most common skin cancer symptoms. Skin cancer diagnosis is performed through medical examination and biopsy.
Most of the people are able to undergo skin cancer treatment. However, some people due to other medical issues such as other types of cancer may not take it well.
There is no specific skin cancer treatment preparation. However, it is better to inform about other medical issues you have and medicines you take. In this way, a proper treatment for skin cancer can be chosen for you.
Depending on the type of skin cancer and its stage there are many treatments possible. These include:
• Skin cancer surgery – doctors may attempt to excise cancer tissue, especially in the early stages of skin cancer.
• Electrosurgery – using heat cancer cells are burned and bleeding is prevented
• Cryosurgery – Similarly, extreme heat may kill off skin cancer cells without causing harm to other body cells
• Laser surgery – it provides similar results to cryosurgery and electrosurgery using a special type of laser
• Chemotherapy treatment for skin cancer – chemotherapy may be a supportive skin cancer treatment or help in prolonging one’s life when this cancer has already spread to other organs. Chemotherapy utilises powerful drugs which kill cancer cells
• Radiation therapy – in radiotherapy, radiation is used to destroy skin cancer cells. This treatment has two types: external radiation therapy (radiation created by a machine) or internal radiation therapy (radioactive elements are injected or swallowed and reach the site of skin cancer)
Skin cancer treatment recovery depends mostly on the combination of techniques used to eradicate a particular skin cancer. Skin cancer surgery recovery may be pretty quick while chemotherapy and radiation therapy result in a longer recovery period due to a wide range of side effects.
Treatment for skin cancer, especially chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may lead to some complications, including:
• Damage to lungs
• Problems with other organs such as kidneys
• Neurological problems
However, skin cancer surgery may cause complications such as bleeding and problems with closing the wound.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy, while very helpful in fighting skin cancer development, may also cause a range of side effects which may last for weeks, months or even years. These are:
• Nausea, vomiting
• Concentration and memory issues
• General weakness and tiredness
Older people most of the time have less chance to survive than younger patients after being diagnosed with skin cancer. In stage one skin cancer survival rate is over %90.