Recommended For Surgical Tooth Extraction
Surgical tooth extractions are recommended for patients with large and irregular growing wisdom teeth or for teeth which have decayed up until below the gum line. This procedure may also be performed in cases where the patient will get braces. The dentist will ultimately decide if it’s possible to opt for a simple extraction instead of a surgical one.
Not Recommended For Surgical Tooth Extraction
All patients with severely decayed teeth, broken, fractured teeth or impacted wisdom teeth which are not visible above the gum line can benefit from this procedure.
Discharge From Hospital
Tooth extractions and surgical tooth extractions are some of the most common dental procedures in the world. This procedure is usually the last solution for patients with irregular wisdom teeth or teeth with extensive damage from cavities or trauma which cannot be fixed by opting for other treatments such as tooth fillings, dental crowns or bridges. While most surgical tooth extractions are performed on the wisdom teeth, there are also other reasons why patients may opt for this procedure, including teeth infections and teeth crowding.
This solution also applied to broken teeth, with roots below the gum surface, for example. If the tooth’s roots have an infection, it can spread and affect nearby teeth, making the procedure necessary in order to avoid affecting other healthy teeth.
After the surgical tooth extraction is performed, patients have a wide array of solutions available to them, the most popular of which is dental implants, closely followed by dental bridges.
Patients will be required to provide their dentist with information regarding any illness they may be suffering from, including diabetes, liver disease, renal disease, hypertension, heart defects, or a weakened immune system.
Patients may be administered antibiotics for a few days before the procedure can begin, but only in special cases where the patient already has an infection or when the surgery is expected to be more complicated than usual.
During the day the procedure is set to take place, patients need to:
How It Is Performed
- Avoid smoking for 24 hours
- Avoid eating or drinking for 8 hours before the appointment with the dentist
- Inform their dentist of any vomiting or nausea the night before the procedure
- Wear comfortable, short sleeve clothing
Surgical tooth extraction procedure steps begin with patients receiving intravenous anesthesia as well as local anesthesia. In some cases, general anesthesia may be used, rendering the patient unconscious for the full duration of the procedure. General anesthesia is only used in cases where intravenous anesthesia cannot be used due to other medical condition.
Once the anaesthesia sets in, the dental surgeon will begin by making an incision in the patient's gum, around the tooth which needs to be extracted. In some cases, bone from around the tooth will need to be removed before the procedure can continue.
After the tooth is fully extracted, the incision is closed with surgical stitches.
Surgical tooth extraction pain will gradually go down during the next few days after the procedure. During these days patients should avoid smoking, rinsing, using any straws or intense physical activity. This is done in order to keep the formed blood clot intact.
Risks and complications associated with surgical tooth extractions can include infections, bleeding that lasts for more than ten hours, swelling of the gums and vomiting or nausea. Patients are required to contact their dentist if they experience any of the above.
With regard to surgical tooth extraction side effects, the most common one is numbness of jaw due to anesthesia, which is gone after an hour or two.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in July, 2019.