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Liver Transplant

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Liver transplant surgery, also known as hepatic transplantation is a procedure in which a patient’s liver is replaced with all or some of a donor’s healthy liver. Orthotopic liver transplantation surgery is one of the most common types of liver transplantation procedures - the new liver is positioned in the same anatomic location as the original, diseased one. In Heterotopic liver transplantation surgery, a part of the new liver is sewn onto a part of the patient’s diseased liver.

The average liver transplant list had patients waiting 232 days on average, for liver transplantation surgery. Living donor liver transplant surgery can be performed by using the liver of a spouse, volunteer, sibling, child, parent or any member of the family.

Liver Transplant Candidates

A liver transplantation procedure is recommended for individuals suffering from end stage liver disease or acute liver failure.

Am I Suitable for Liver Transplant?

Liver transplantation surgery is not recommended for individuals suffering from heart or lung disease, infections such as osteomyelitis or tuberculosis, cancer or other life threatening conditions.

Preparing for Liver Transplant

The patient will need to pass thorough tests before undergoing a liver transplant operation:

● Heart tests
● Blood and urine tests
● Health examinations

How is Liver Transplant Performed?

Liver transplant criteria states that a living donor organ transplant can only be done from relatives up to the fourth degree – this includes the patient’s family members, the patient’s spouse and the patient’s spouse’s family members. In some medical centres volunteers can be donors for liver transplant surgery. Other liver transplant criteria include:

● The donor must be in good health
● Having a compatible blood type
● Age between 18 and 60
● Being of similar size with the recipient

The procedure is done under general anaesthesia. Around 55 to 70% of the right lobe of a living donor is removed and sewn onto the recipients remaining liver. The donor’s liver will start to regenerate straight away, reaching full function in around 4-6 weeks. The transplanted liver will also regain 100% functionality and size, but it will take more time – in some cases liver transplant recovery lasts up to a year. Once the procedure is complete, the recipient will have to spend two days in intensive care and 21 days in a transplant recovery area. The transplant donor will also have to spend around 10 days in hospital. Regular blood tests will be required after the transplant.

Liver Transplant Risks and Complications

Liver transplantation is a relatively risky procedure and complications can and do occur, both for the recipient and donor. Donors face a 0.5 to 1% chance of death during or after the procedure.

Liver transplant complications can include:

● Bleeding
● The formation of blood clots
● Infection
● Donated liver failure
● Donated liver rejection
● Bile duct complications

If the patient thoroughly respects all the liver transplant guidelines and the procedure is done at a trustworthy, modern facility, the chances of these complications occurring are reduced.

Liver Transplant Side Effects

Since special immune system depressant drugs are taken after liver transplantation surgery, patients can suffer from a wide range of side effects, including:

● Vomiting and nausea
● High blood pressure and cholesterol
● Anemia
● Arthritis
● Diabetes
● Tremors
● Diarrhea and others

Liver Transplant Success Rates

The liver transplant survival rate after 5 years is 78% for transplants with a living donor, while the liver transplant life expectancy after 15 years is 58%. The liver transplant success rate also depends on the type of illness the recipient carries, the patient’s age and ability to follow post-op guidelines.

Before and After Liver Transplant

Liver transplantation recipients must take immunosuppressive drugs for the rest of their lives. Smoking and alcohol consumption are strictly prohibited after a liver transplant procedure. Regular cancer tests are required as well, as immunosuppressive drugs increase the chance of cancer developing. The patient will need to have regular checkups after a liver transplantation procedure – first weekly then the checkups can be less often.

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Acibadem Maslak Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Florence Nightingale Istanbul

Istanbul, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TÜV SÜD - Technical Control Unit
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Medical Park Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
10 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Medipol Mega University Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Memorial Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
9 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
FROM€ 102,794
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Memorial Sisli Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
27 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Memorial Atasehir Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
14 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Memorial Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
FROM€ 102,794
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Kent Hospital

İzmir, Turkey
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Raffles Hospital Singapore

SINGAPORE, Singapore
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital

New Delhi, India
1 review
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Koc Healthcare Institutions

Istanbul, Turkey
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Average Ratings:  
90 reviews

Liver Transplant Cost

Average Liver Transplant costs are € 102,794, based on Liver Transplant prices from 13 clinics.

Liver Transplant prices vary greatly depending on the clinic and the location. For example, Liver Transplant in Turkey is a popular option where Liver Transplant costs as low as € 102,794.

Please note that the Liver Transplant prices listed on FlyMedi are the average price for Liver Transplant procedures. Clinics may ask you to provide them with specific information about your medical condition in order to provide you a detailed cost estimate for Liver Transplant procedures. To receive a personalized Liver Transplant quote, please click HERE.

Liver Transplant FAQ

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How long does a liver transplant last?

In some cases, transplants have lasted up to 30 years. 58% of patients live another 15 years and 48% of patients can live up to 18 years. In recent years, liver transplant survival rates have improved greatly.

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Does a partial liver transplant provide the same results as a full transplant?

Yes, living donor liver transplants provide the same success rate as a regular full size liver transplantation procedure.

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How many patients generally suffer from liver transplant rejection?

Liver transplant rejection affects around 15 to 26% of recipients. Immunosuppressive drugs are generally administered to all patients.