Depending on the size and location of the tumor, mastectomy may be a great option to treat breast cancer. Simple mastectomy is the removal of all breast tissue; the armpit lymph nodes are left in place. A radical mastectomy is a simple mastectomy accompanied by a complete axillary lymph node recess. If the simple mastectomy procedure is not followed by immediate breast reconstruction, the healing period is usually two weeks.
During the simple mastectomy, the surgeon removes all tissue, including the skin and the nipple, to make sure that all of the cancer cells are removed. The need for a simple mastectomy is based on various factors, such as the size of the breast, the number of lesions, the aggressive nature of cancer, the possibility of undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy, and the patient's tolerance to other risk factors.
Who Is This For?
Doctors use simple mastectomy when:
Potential Risks & Side Effects
Although a simple mastectomy is generally considered safe, there are some risks of side effects or complications. The most common side effects are:
It may take 2-3 weeks to return to work after simple mastectomy, if you undergo any additional treatments, this time may be prolonged.
Success Rate: 85%
How Does it Work?
In the simple mastectomy breast tissue, nipple and areola (the dark skin around the nipple) are removed, but the pectoral muscle under the breast or the lymph nodes under the arm are not. However, a lymph node biopsy can be done to evaluate the tumor results in the laboratory after the surgery. If adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended, it will be given after the simple mastectomy procedure. If radiation therapy and chemotherapy are offered together, radiation therapy will likely follow chemotherapy.
What Does a Simple mastectomy Involve?
1. Consultation for Simple mastectomy
Your treatment process begins with an online consultation. Our experts listen to your complaints, your health story, your tumor progression status, and your expectations; They will inform you about whether you need a simple mastectomy or other treatments. It is important to share all your health information that may be useful at this stage. If available, please share your diagnosis and treatment process documents, imaging results and information about your current health status with the health providers during this online consultation.
2. Planning Your Trip and Choosing the Clinic
After your first evaluation for simple mastectomy, treatment is finalized and you want to move on to the second step, we offer a list of clinics that meet the criteria you provide us. You will then examine all of them and decide on one of them. Depending on your choice, we move on to planning your trip and the entire treatment process.
3. Final Consultation with Your Surgeon
When you arrive at the clinic, you will have a face-to-face consultation with your doctor. Everything about your simple mastectomy surgery will be discussed and decided during this consultation. The doctor will ask you some questions to try to understand your expectations and concerns better and also make you understand what you should expect from your treatment and the potential risks or complications of the procedure. Your doctor will explain the whole process clearly and try to simulate it as much as possible, in order you to feel comfortable and ready.
4. Medical Examinations
Before the simple mastectomy surgery begins, your doctor will conduct physical and blood tests to make sure that you are in acceptable health status for the process. Every patient is required to undergo medical tests to ensure that nothing can hinder the success of the procedure and if any risk obtained, doctors will try to eliminate them first.
After the whole preparation period, it's time to relax and trust your experienced doctor and clinic, who will help you to get rid of the tumor you have and to take a step to a healthier life. The simple mastectomy will consist of the following steps:
What Should I Expect from Simple Mastectomy?
Is Simple Mastectomy Procedure Painful?
Post-operative pain due to injury to the skin or muscles is generally very moderate and justifies taking analgesics for a few days.
When Can I Have Breast Reconstruction Surgery After Simple Mastectomy?
The breast reconstruction procedure can be done during simple mastectomy surgery or it can start after the cancer treatment is completed.
How Does Simple Mastectomy Differ from Total Mastectomy?
During a simple mastectomy, the surgeon removes the breast tissue, nipple, areola, and skin but not all the lymph nodes. However, in a total mastectomy surgery, the entire breast (including the breast tissue, skin, areola and nipple and most of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes) are removed.
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