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Glaucoma is a chronic, progressive deterioration of the eye’s optic nerve. This condition is usually caused by or worsened by pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure, or IOP) that is too high for the continued health of the nerve. There are several different treatments for glaucoma, including eye drops, laser treatment, and surgery. Surgery may be recommended in rare cases where treatment with eye drops or a laser hasn't been effective. Trabeculectomy is the most common type of surgery for glaucoma. Glaucoma surgery can help lower pressure when medication is not sufficient. However, it cannot reverse vision loss.

Who is this for?

  • For people with a damaged optic nerve. 

  • People with a problematic flow of fluid out of the eye.

  • People who have had an unsuccessful glaucoma treatment before.

Treatment Duration

It depends on how severe it is. In most cases, it might take between 1 and 3 hours.

Potential Risks and Side Effects

  • Vision loss

  • Bleeding in the eye

  • Infection

  • Low eye pressure (or hypotony)

  • ScarringCataract formation

Recovery Time

  • Recovery time after glaucoma surgery varies per patient and per surgery, but most patients heal within 3 to 6 weeks.

  • It may take between 1 and 3 months for results to appear, and the effect typically lasts only one to five years.

Success Rate


Alternative Treatment

  • Eye drops

  • Laser treatment

How it works?

Once you have decided to undergo a glaucoma treatment, we will make sure that you have a pleasant trip and your procedure will be customized in a way that minimizes scarring. During the online consultations, expect the following questions:

  • How intense is the current pain you are feeling?

  • Do you have any medical conditions that we should be aware of?

  • Are you currently taking any medication?

Planning your trip and choosing the clinic

When you decide to have a glaucoma treatment, our first step will be to present to you several detailed options of clinics and doctors. After you have chosen your preferred clinic and doctor, we will then set up an operation date and arrange your trip. All the dates are set according to your preferences!

This surgery is usually performed in the morning or afternoon, so we always recommend that you arrive in Turkey a day before the surgery –so that you can have enough time to rest.

Final Consultation with Your Surgeon

When you arrive at the clinic, you will have a face-to-face consultation with your glaucoma treatment. Part of the discussions will be about your expectations and goals.

Medical Examinations

Before the surgery commences, your surgeon will conduct physical and blood tests to make sure that you are in a good health state. Every patient is required to undergo medical tests so as to ensure that nothing can hinder the success of the surgery.

Preparation for Surgery

To make you feel comfortable during the surgery, your surgeon will give you local anesthesia. If you have Trypanophobia (fear of needles), you should let us know so that we can offer you doctors who can give you anesthesia without using needles.

What does this Procedure Involve?

  • There are different types of glaucoma surgeries. The two most common types of glaucoma surgery are laser surgery and incisional surgery. The type of surgery your doctor recommends will depend on the type and severity of your glaucoma and the general health of your eye.

  • During laser surgery, a focused beam of light is used to treat the eye's trabecular meshwork (the eye's drainage system). This helps increase the flow of fluid out of the eye. In contrast to laser surgery, the incisional surgery (also called filtering surgery) involves creating a drainage hole using a small surgical tool.

  • This new opening allows the intraocular fluid to bypass the clogged drainage canals and flow out of this new, artificial drainage canal. In most cases, glaucoma surgery may have to be repeated, especially if excessive scarring cannot be prevented or after long periods of time.


Can I wear make-up on the day of the operation?
No. You should appear without makeup and bring dark sunglasses.

Can I smoke before the operation?
Limit smoking if possible. Smoking leads to increased bleeding during the operation and, as a consequence, to bruising and poorer wound healing.

Is a hospital stay necessary?
The doctor will specifically discuss this question with you during your first consultation.

Will I experience pain during surgery?
No. The operation will be painless for you. This applies to both general anesthesias and local anesthesia.

After the surgery, what can I do to make my eyelids swell as little as possible?
In the first 48 hours, as much as possible, should be cooled by means of a cooling face mask. This is delivered to the patient after each operation.


Learn more about Glaucoma Treatment in Turkey by comparing costs and reviewing the clinics and doctors.

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