Recommended For Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery or cataract eye surgery is recommended for individuals suffering from cataract. If left untreated, the condition can lead to depression, an increased risk of accidents and ultimately total blindness.
Not Recommended For Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery is offered if your cataracts are affecting your eyesight and quality of life.
Its contraindications include:
● Patients who enjoy satisfactory functional vision with glasses
● Patients who have good overall health
● Patients who had cataract surgery recently
Other contraindications for cataract eye surgery can include:
Discharge From Hospital
● Corneal pannus
● Glaucoma surgery
● Very small pupils
Overnight stay is not required
Duration Of Operation
30 to 45 minutes
2 to 3 days
Cataract surgery is a very common procedure used to treat cataract condition, which refers to the clouding of the natural lens of the eye, often leading to a decrease in the patient's vision. Cataract, which can affect one eye or both, usually develops slowly, over a long period of time. Cataract symptoms include one or more of the following:
● Blurry vision
● Less vivid color vision
● Halos around light
● Trouble seeing at night
Patients suffering from cataract have a problem, especially with reading, driving, and recognizing faces. Although most cataracts are related to aging, the condition is also linked to depression and an increased risk of accidents such as falling. By age 80, more than half of all Americans have a cataract or have had cataract surgery, and cataract currently causes 50% of the world’s blindness.
Cataract can be caused by one or more of the following:
● Trauma to the natural lens of the eye
● Skin diseases
Other factors that can cause cataract and ultimately lead to cataract surgery, include:
● Poor nutrition
● High alcohol intake
●Hormone replacement therapy
● High myopia
Although early cataract symptoms may be corrected by wearing glasses, many people require cataract surgery in order to regain their vision. They choose to undergo cataract surgery by evaluating various cost alternatives in (usually) private clinics where successful surgeons are involved.
Patients need to have a detailed eye examination before undergoing cataract eye surgery or cataract surgery. In some cases, cataract surgery may not be needed if the patient has a satisfactory functional vision and/or other procedures may be required before the cataract surgery option.
How It Is Performed
Cataract eye surgery or cataract surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia. The eye is numbed with an injection or by using anesthetic eye drops.
During cataract surgery, a cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens. The eye doctor firstly creates two incisions into the clear cornea of the patient. A circular hole is then created into the capsule where the artificial lens is located. At this point, ultrasound waves may be used to liquefy the lens, after which it is removed. The soft outer layer of the cataract is also removed. Saline solution is inserted into the front part of the eye to help it maintain its shape. A plastic lens is then inserted into the eye where the natural lens used to be. The eye doctor may also inject antibiotics in that area in order to prevent any risk of infections
The cataract surgery recovery time is usually quite short. Patients can leave the hospital in one or two days. Heavy physical activities and lifting need to be avoided for around 4 weeks after the cataract surgery. Doctors recommend wearing an eye shield, especially while sleeping for a few days after the procedure.Patients need to be followed the cataract surgery aftercare carefully advises given by their doctors to have a comfortable recovery
Cataract surgery complications and risks include:
● Retinal detachment
● Bleeding in the eye
● Damage to other parts of your eye
● Loss of vision
● Secondary cataract
Cataract surgery side effects include:
● Inflammation in the eye’s region
● Itchiness in the eye’s region
● Pain and discomfort
● Dry eyes
● Double vision
● High or low eye pressure
Cataract surgery studies and reviews determine the average success rate between 85% and 92%. In general, approximately 95% of patients are satisfied with the results of this procedure.
Before And After
Patients may still require glasses on certain occasions, even after cataract surgery. If the patient has a cataract in both eyes, two surgeries need to be performed at an interval of around 2 months. Patients can drive 24 hours after cataract surgery. After the procedure, patients usually experience improved vision and increased mobility.Although eyes are highly sensitive organs, cataract surgery is not a painful procedure. No pain is felt during the operation due to anesthesia, and mild to moderate pain after surgery can be easily relieved with prescription drugs
What Are the Chances of Developing Complications from Cataract Surgery?
The risk of endophthalmitis is less than 1 in 1000. Other risks are well under 10%.
How Old Does A Child Have to Be in Order to Be Treated?
It's a case of "the sooner, the better." Children who have congenital cataracts should have cataract eye surgery when they are between 6 weeks and 3 months.
How Much Will It Improve My Sight?
Approximately 90% of cataract surgery patients have a vision of 20/40 or better after the procedure.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.