By Abdulaziz Ali - Medically reviewed by Prof. Zeynep Sevim, on Apr 17, 2023
What is Gynecomastia?
It is a condition where males develop enlarged breast tissue. It's not just about added fat; it's about the growth of glandular tissue in the chest. It is due to an imbalance between estrogen (female hormones) and androgens (male hormones). Age, medications, drug use, and underlying conditions can contribute. While Gynecomastia isn't a threat to your physical health, it might affect how you view your body.
Why Considering Surgery Male Breast Reduction Surgery
The Psychological Benefits
How you feel about your body affects more than just beach days. Imagine regaining confidence at social gatherings, work, or even intimate moments. Surgery can be a doorway to that renewed confidence.
Enhancing Physical Appearance
Surgery provides a direct solution, helping you achieve your desired chiseled appearance.
When conducted by certified professionals, Gynecomastia surgery has high success rates. Complications are rare, and the results can be long-lasting if you maintain a healthy lifestyle.
There are alternatives like medication and therapy. However, for many, surgery provides the most noticeable and lasting results.
Practical Tips For Gynecomastia Surgery in Turkey
Turkey, famed for its medical tourism, typically offers Gynecomastia surgery at a fraction of the cost in Western countries. The quality of care is exceptional.
Before you board that plane, remember to consult with the surgeon. They might have guidelines on diet, medications, or even when to arrive in Turkey for pre-surgery assessments.
Travel and Accommodation
When planning your trip, consider the recovery period. Find a cozy place close to the surgical center. Many medical tourists find it useful to stay a week or two post-surgery for follow-up consultations.
Aftercare in Turkey
After the surgery, you'll find many wellness centers and spas in Turkey to aid in your recovery. Also, complete all post-operative check-ups to ensure proper healing.
Gynecomastia in Turkey Recovery Time
The amount of tissue removed and the technique used to remove breast tissue will affect the expected recovery time. But typically, you will need 4 - 6 weeks to feel completely healed.
The doctor will leave gauze over the incision area, and the tube will be placed to drain any fluids.
After a week or two, you can return to your daily routine but avoid any demanding activities in the first month, including heavy sports activity. Expect to see the final result six months after the surgery.
Here are the main stages of the recovery:
Immediately After Surgery
Once the surgery is over, you'll spend some time in the recovery room, where the medical team will monitor your initial recovery to ensure everything is going as planned.
You might initially feel groggy and sore – and that's completely normal. The doctor will explain the signs of complications to keep an eye on.
The First Week: Managing Swelling and Bruising
You might notice some swelling or bruising – It's a normal part of the healing process. You'll be given a compression garment to wear, which will help reduce swelling and support your new chest contour.
You'll likely experience pain in the first few days; your doctor will prescribe pain medication to help manage this.
While you might be eager to showcase your new self, taking it easy on physical activities for the initial few weeks is advised. Gradually, you can start light activities, always listening to your body and your doctor's advice. You might notice some scarring, but there are various creams and treatments available to aid in reducing the appearance of scars. Over time, with proper care, they will become less noticeable.
You'll have regular follow-ups to monitor your progress. These check-ups are your time to share any concerns or ask any questions you might have. Healing takes time. While it might sometimes be frustrating, be patient with your body as it heals. You're on a path to a happier, more confident you.
Talking to others who have gone through the same journey is always great. Connecting with a community or support group can provide comfort and tips during recovery.
How is Gyno Surgery Performed?
Gynecomastia surgery can take two to five hours and is performed under general anesthesia or intravenous sedation.
The procedure is performed either by making small incisions through which the excess fat is removed by liposuction or, if required, by making longer incisions and removing the fat along with excess skin and tissue by excision.
It is also possible to combine the two techniques. The method chosen for your surgery will depend on your particular condition and preference and should be agreed upon during your consultation appointment.
Step 1: Initial Consultation
Your journey will begin with a consultation where you'll discuss your medical history with your surgeon to ensure you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. The surgeon will conduct a physical examination to understand the extent of the Gynecomastia and plan the surgery accordingly.
Step 2: Pre-Operative Preparations
Before the procedure, you'll undergo laboratory tests to ensure you're in good health for the surgery. Your surgeon might advise you to adjust your current medications and avoid certain substances to prevent complications during the surgery.
Step 3: The Day of the Surgery
On the day of surgery, you'll arrive at the facility with a companion, ensuring you have support and a way to return home post-procedure. Before the surgery, your surgeon will have a final consultation with you to review the procedure plan and answer any last-minute questions you might have.
Step 4: The Surgery
- Anesthesia: You will be given anesthesia to ensure you're comfortable and pain-free during the procedure.
- Incision: The surgeon will make small incisions, typically around the areola or under the arm, to access and remove the excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin.
- Tissue Removal: Using liposuction or excision techniques, the surgeon removes unnecessary tissue to create a more masculine chest contour.
- Closure: Once the desired result is achieved, sutures will close the incisions.
Step 5: Post-Operative Care
After the surgery, you'll be moved to a recovery room for observation to monitor your condition. Depending on the complexity of your surgery, you might be discharged on the same day or require an overnight hospital stay for proper monitoring.
Types of Gynecomastia Surgery
Liposuction can be a great option if your Gynecomastia is primarily due to excess fatty tissue. Let's break down what it involves. Small incisions are made during liposuction, and a thin cannula removes the excess fat. Liposuction has a quicker recovery time compared to other invasive surgeries. This method is best for you if you have good skin elasticity and primarily excess fat rather than glandular tissue.
Mastectomy, or tissue excision, addresses Gynecomastia caused by a significant amount of excess glandular tissue. This procedure involves removing the glandular tissue, and sometimes skin, to create a flatter, more masculine chest contour. Recovery from a mastectomy may take longer as it is a more invasive procedure. A mastectomy might be ideal if you have a lot of excess glandular tissue or sagging skin due to weight loss.
Combination of Liposuction and Mastectomy
Sometimes, a combination of liposuction and mastectomy is the best measure to achieve the desired results. The surgeon will use liposuction to remove excess fat and follow it with a mastectomy to remove the glandular tissue, offering a comprehensive approach to treatment.
As this involves both procedures, recovery time can vary, and you might expect a more extended recovery period to achieve the best results.
If you have a combination of excess fat and glandular tissue, this holistic approach could be the one for you, addressing both issues in one go.
Minimally Invasive Gyno Surgery
Advances in medical science have led to minimally invasive options that reduce recovery time and scarring. Utilizing smaller incisions and modern tools like endoscopic assistance the procedure aims to reduce tissue with minimal scarring and downtime.
The highlight of this type is the reduced recovery time, letting you get back to your routine quicker while still achieving great results. If you are looking for a procedure with minimal scarring and quicker recovery, this might be the best option, especially if your case is less severe.
Symptoms of Enlarged Breasts in Men
- Swollen Breast Gland Tissue: The hallmark symptom of Gynecomastia is a noticeable increase in the size of the breast gland tissue, giving the breasts a swollen appearance.
- Nipple Discharge: In rare cases, you might experience discharge from one or both nipples.
- Asymmetrical Breasts: Gynecomastia can sometimes affect one breast more than the other, leading to noticeable asymmetry in the chest area.
- Increased Areola Diameter: You might find that the diameter of the areola, the dark skin surrounding the nipple, has increased.
- Skin Sagging: There might be noticeable skin sagging on the breasts.
- Pain: In some cases, there can be pain or discomfort in the breasts, especially when wearing clothing that rubs against the chest or during physical activities.
- Lump in the Breast: You might feel a lump or firm, rubbery mass under the nipple area, which is often benign but should always be checked by a healthcare provider to rule out other conditions.
Understanding the symptoms of enlarged breasts in men is the cornerstone in initiating the pathway to a solution.
Causes of Enlarged Breasts in Men
During puberty, hormonal changes can lead to temporary breast enlargement in young boys, which usually resolves on its own over time. As men age, testosterone can naturally decline, leading to enlarged breasts.
- Hyperthyroidism: Conditions affecting the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism leads to an imbalance of hormones in the body.
- Liver Disease: Liver diseases can alter the hormone metabolism in your body, leading to symptoms like Gynecomastia.
- Kidney Failure: Kidney failure and subsequent dialysis can sometimes disturb the hormonal balance, causing enlarged breasts.
Medications that treat conditions like prostate enlargement or cancer can sometimes lead to Gynecomastia. Certain antidepressants have been linked to enlarged breasts in men as a side effect.
Excessive alcohol consumption can affect your liver and alter hormone levels, leading to Gynecomastia. The use of drugs such as marijuana, heroin, or amphetamines can sometimes be a cause of the enlargement of breasts in men.
Increased body weight can lead to increased estrogen levels, which can cause breast enlargement. Malnutrition can also lead to Gynecomastia, as it can decrease testosterone levels.
Understanding the potential causes is a pivotal step in finding the right solution. It lets you approach your health with informed insights and work towards a more confident and comfortable you.
How to Prevent Gynecomastia
Maintaining a Healthy Diet
Ensure your diet is well-balanced with the right nutrients to help maintain a healthy hormonal balance.
Avoid excessive alcohol consumption, which can lead to liver issues and hormonal imbalances, contributing to Gynecomastia.
Regular Physical Activity
Aerobic exercises can help you maintain a healthy weight, reducing the risk of developing Gynecomastia. Incorporate strength training to build muscle mass and promote a more balanced physique.
Mindful Use of Medications
Before starting any new medication, consult your healthcare provider to understand the potential side effects, including the risk of Gynecomastia.
Avoiding Recreational Drugs
Try to steer clear of recreational drugs, which can alter the hormonal balance in your body, potentially leading to Gynecomastia.
Regular Health Check-Ups
Regular health check-ups can help identify any hormonal imbalance or underlying conditions that might lead to Gynecomastia.
Procedures Related To Enlarged Male Breast Surgery
Some patient prefer to have other cosmetic procedure that complements the Gynecomastia surgery; these complementary procedures include:
- Male Liposuction in Turkey
Side Effects Of Gynecomastia in Turkey
Some of the possible reactions you can develop after Gynecomastia surgery include:
- Anesthesia risks
- Bleeding (hematoma)
- Blood clots
- Breast contour and shape irregularities
- Breast asymmetry
- Changes in nipple or breast sensation
Gynecomastia Surgery Results
Most patients report a high satisfaction rate, and Gynecomastia has a success rate of 90% - 95%
How To Prepare For Man Boob Reduction Surgery
- A week before the procedure, you should stop taking Aspirin and any other medication that causes blood thinning.
- If you are allergic to any drugs, you should inform your surgeon as soon as possible.
- Avoid smoking before the surgery.
- Consuming any alcoholic beverages can affect anesthesia. So it would be best if you did not take in anything alcoholic before surgery.
- Follow your doctor-prescribed medication that adjusts your current medicines.
|| 1 - 2 hours
|| 4 nights hotel
Cost in Turkey
| €3000 - €3250
|| General anesthesia
| 4 - 6 weeks
| 6 months
|| Anesthesia risks, bruising, bleeding
|| Infection, blood clots, Breast asymmetry
|| 90% - 95%
|| After 2 - 4 weeks
|Back To Work
|| After 1 -2 weeks
|| Yes (hidden)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How much is gyno surgery in Turkey?
The average Gynecomastia cost in Turkey is €2800
Is Turkey a good place for plastic surgery?
Yes, The surgeons are well-versed in cosmetic surgeries and have years of experience. Some of them have credentials from prestigious global universities. The standard of care and expertise in these clinics abroad is as good as those in the UK, US, and Europe, if not better.
Which is the best country for gynecomastia surgery?
The best country for Gynecomastia will depend on your personal preference and expectation. But Turkey is a popular destination for medical tourism, visited by millions of patients annually. The main reason is the affordability and quality of the treatment.
Does gynecomastia surgery leave scars?
Yes, like all surgeries, gynecomastia surgery can leave scars, but experienced surgeons aim to make them as minimal and discreet as possible.
Can you get Gynecomastia again?
While surgery generally offers permanent results, hormonal imbalances, weight gain, or use of certain medications can potentially lead to a recurrence of Gynecomastia.
How much does gynecomastia surgery cost in the UK?
The cost can vary widely depending on various factors, including the surgeon's experience and the complexity of the procedure, but on average, it ranges from £3,500 to £5,000.
Will NHS pay for gyno surgery?
NHS may cover gynecomastia surgery if it is causing significant pain or mental distress, but generally, it is considered a cosmetic procedure and hence not covered.
Does Gyno mean low testosterone?
Not necessarily; while low testosterone can be a factor, Gynecomastia can also occur due to other reasons, such as hormonal imbalances or certain medications.
Is there a pill for Gynecomastia?
There isn't a specific pill approved for treating Gynecomastia, although some medications that adjust hormone levels may be used in some cases.
Will Gyno return after surgery?
Although it is generally rare, Gynecomastia can potentially return after surgery due to hormonal imbalances or significant weight gain.
Should I go to a GP about Gynecomastia?
Yes, if you suspect you have Gynecomastia, it is recommended to consult with a GP to understand the underlying causes and to discuss potential treatment options.
Do I have Gynecomastia or just fat?
It can sometimes be difficult to distinguish between Gynecomastia and chest fat. A healthcare provider can help determine this through physical examinations and possibly diagnostic tests.
What does grade 1 gynecomastia look like?
Grade 1 gynecomastia is characterized by minor enlargement of the breast tissue without skin excess, often with a localized button of tissue around the nipple area.
Can taking testosterone fix Gyno?
Testosterone therapy might help in some cases, but it is not a guaranteed fix. It is essential to consult with a healthcare provider to find the best treatment option for you.
Can too much test cause Gyno?
Yes, excessively high testosterone levels can potentially lead to Gynecomastia, as it can aromatize to estrogen, a hormone that promotes breast tissue growth.
How can I fix Gyno naturally?
While mild cases might improve with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise, severe cases of Gynecomastia often require medical intervention. There is no proven natural cure.
Can vitamin D cause Gynecomastia?
There is no substantial evidence to suggest that vitamin D directly causes Gynecomastia. However, always adhere to the recommended dietary allowances to prevent adverse effects.
Will anti-estrogen get rid of Gyno?
In some cases, anti-estrogen medications can help treat Gynecomastia, particularly if addressed early. Consult with a healthcare provider for personalized advice.
Is Gyno permanent?
Gynecomastia can be permanent, especially due to hormonal changes during puberty or aging. However, it can sometimes be effectively treated with surgery or medication.
Can Gyno go away naturally?
In adolescents, Gynecomastia often resolves naturally over time. In adults, it tends to be more persistent but might improve with lifestyle changes in some cases.
What do the early stages of Gyno look like?
Early stages of Gynecomastia might involve minor swelling and localized glandular tissue growth, typically presenting as a small enlargement of tissue beneath the nipple area.