Chin reduction surgery, also known as reduction genioplasty or reduction mentoplasty is a type of cosmetic procedure usually performed
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Chin reduction surgery, also known as reduction genioplasty or reduction mentoplasty is a type of cosmetic procedure usually performed to improve the aesthetic appearance of one’s chin area.
Chin reduction surgery is performed in order to correct any malformations of the chin caused by abnormal jaw bones but most patients choose this procedure in order to reduce the size of their chin. Most individuals have a prominent chin simply due to genetics – while a strong chin can be a good thing for male patients, females are usually not too fond of a large chin as it often denotes masculinity. As such, most patients requiring chin reduction surgery are females but it’s not a female-only procedure – some males may feel that a smaller chin can be more in tune with their facial proportions.
Other chin-related procedures include:
● Chin implant surgery
● Chin augmentation surgery
● Sliding genioplasty surgery
Reduction genioplasty is a very popular procedure performed in medical centres from all around the world – the procedure itself is very simple and effective as it provides lifelong results to a very common problem.
Reduction genioplasty or chin reduction surgery can be performed by itself or in conjunction with rhinoplasty surgery or a neck lift procedure – the latter being recommended for patients with excess skin and fatty tissue around the chin (also known as a double chin).
Chin reduction surgery or reduction genioplasty is recommended for patients with an oversized or protruding chin or simply patients with inharmonious facial proportions.
Chin reduction surgery is not recommended for patients with a normal sized chin. In some cases the patient’s facial proportions can be improved through other procedures such as neck lift or rhinoplasty surgery.
Other contraindications for chin reduction surgery include:
● Severe malocclusion
● Periodontal disease
● Age under 20
Patients are required to avoid blood thinners, herbal teas, oral supplements for at least 2 weeks before chin reduction surgery. Smoking is prohibited for at least a month before and after the procedure.
Firstly, X-rays of the chin area are taken so the surgeon can check for any anomalies. The patient is put under anaesthesia and then the surgeon can begin creating an incision either inside the mouth or under the chin.
The bone at the tip of the patient’s chin is first detached and then reshaped, effectively removing any excess bone until the desired result is achieved. The chin tip is repositioned and held in place with special plates and wires. The incision is then closed with dissolving stitches and the chin reduction surgery is complete.
Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital
1 to 2 hours
A compression bandage is provided to the patient, it needs to be worn for a couple of days. Some swelling, numbness and pain may occur but over the counter painkillers can help soothe any discomfort the patient may experience. The swelling will go down in around 2 weeks and most patients can return to work in around a week. Heavy physical activities need to be avoided for at least 4 weeks – the bone needs time to heal.
Chin reduction surgery risks and complications can include:
● Small scarring under the chin
● Adverse reaction to general anaesthesia
● Nerve damage
Chin reduction surgery side effects can include:
● Swelling around the chin
Chin reduction surgery reviews set the average success rate at around 90%.
Chin reduction surgery provides immediate results. The swelling will gradually go down during the first 2 weeks of the recovery period. Patients will be able to enjoy a more harmonious balance of their facial proportions, especially if done in conjunction with a neck lift, face lift or rhinoplasty.