Which Veneers are better for you?
Veneers come in many different shapes, sizes, materials and application techniques. This is why it’s a good idea to check the various types of veneers available and pick the ones that better fit your needs and expectations. Veneers are not created by your dentist, but by a dental technician, often in an off-site laboratory. During your first visit to the dentist, the doctor will make an impression of the teeth that will hold the veneers. This impression will later be sent to a dental technician who will later fabricate the veneers, making sure they will fit securely over your natural teeth. Once the new veneers arrive the dentist will proceed to remove a portion of enamel from each tooth individually before using dental cement to permanently place them. The dental cement itself can be more opaque or more translucent, depending on the state and colour of your natural tooth. Here is a short overview of the different types of veneers available for patients:
Stacked Ceramic Dental Veneers
Stacked ceramic veneers are produced from a large amount of very thin layers of porcelain stacked on top of each other. The amount of layers can be altered until the veneers closely resemble the shape, colour and translucency of the patient’s natural tooth. Stacked ceramic veneers are generally better looking than other types of veneers but they are not as strong.
Pressed Ceramic Veneers
Pressed ceramic veneers are generally easier to produce, making them a bit more affordable compared to other options. They are also a bit thicker than stacked ceramic or lithium disilicate veneers, meaning that more of the patient’s enamel needs to be removed before placement. The biggest advantage of pressed ceramic veneers is their durability.
Zirconia Based Veneers
Zirconia-based dental veneers are one of the strongest types of veneers available. As such, zirconia-based veneers are often used on teeth affected by cavities or cracks. Zirconia is such a strong material that it’s currently being used for dental crowns as well, meaning that your teeth are safe from any crack or fracture. Being opaque, it means that it can be used by the dentist to hide stains or cavities within the treated tooth.
Lithium Disilicate Veneers
Patients suffering from teeth grinding or bruxism can opt for lithium disilicate veneers. These veneers are the strongest available, being able to sustain pressure from teeth grinding and chewing hard foods. While also aesthetically pleasing, lithium disilicate veneers are also more expensive compared to other types of materials – these veneers are created using high tech methods such as computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing.
Composite veneers are created from composite resin, which is also used for tooth fillings. Composite veneers can be used to treat chips, cracks and discoloration of the teeth with a process called dental bonding. The dentist will create a resin that matches the colour of the surrounding teeth before applying it to the tooth surface in layers. The resin is then shaped and polished until the desired shape is achieved. Composite veneers may be more affordable than other types of veneers but they are not as durable and can develop stains after some time.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in January, 2019.