Gynecomastia, also known as “man boobs” is a very common disorder that affects up to 50% of adolescent boys, but also older males. Gynecomastia causes can include hormonal changes, certain types of medications, drugs, and certain health conditions such asThyroid problems or kidney failure. Hormonal changes can lead to abnormal breast development in men, especially during puberty. Sometimes a higher percentage of estrogen during the puberty may cause male breast tissue to swell.
The increase in bust usually passes on its own in six months to two years. Older males can also experience gynecomastia, mostly due to a decrease in testosterone production caused by the natural aging process. It is estimated that 50% of men in the United States experience some degree of gynecomastia during their lifetime. Gynecomastia may develop at any age, and the surgery can be performed safely and successfully on teenagers as well as adult men.
Certain medications such as drugs used to treat prostate cancer, diazepam, valium, AIDS medications, antibiotics, and antidepressants can also cause gynecomastia. Finasteride, which is widely used by dermatologists for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, may also cause developing gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia is also linked with the consumption of alcohol and certain types of drugs such as marijuana, amphetamines, and heroin.
In some cases, antiestrogenic treatment with tamoxifen is also a safe and effective way of treatment, especially of cosmetically disturbing or painful gynecomastia.
However, gynecomastia without surgery is not an option if the condition lasts for more than two years, as medications during androgen therapy, anti-estrogens, and aromatase inhibitors will be ineffective.
Some of the most popular surgical techniques used for gynecomastia treatment include:
● Subcutaneous mastectomy, also known as gynecomastia surgery causes less gynecomastia surgery scars than regular procedures
● Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
● Laser-assisted mastectomy
● Laser-lipolysis without liposuction