Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the effects and treatment of presbyopia. Presbyopia is a condition in which the
Presbyopia treatment is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the effects and treatment of presbyopia. Presbyopia is a condition in which the eyes have a diminished ability to focus on near objects. It can also be confused with nearsightedness or myopia. The condition is caused by loss of elasticity of the patient’s natural eye lens and changes in the lens’ curvature.
Presbyopia symptoms include one or more of the following:
● Problems focusing on fine writing or small objects
● Difficulty seeing in dim light
● Patients often have headaches while reading
Most of these symptoms appear when the patient is around 40 or 50 years old. As the patient gets older, the ability to focus on near objects declines steadily, unless treated with presbyopia surgery. Even patients with no prior sight problem can develop presbyopia after age 40. Patients already suffering from myopia will notice further decline in their ability to focus, even while wearing classes or contact lenses.
Presbyopia can be diagnosed through an eye examination – the doctor will test the patient’s refractive power, the retina, the patient’s visual acuity or sharpness of vision and the condition of the patient’s eye muscles.
Presbyopia is very widespread – over a billion people worldwide are affected by this condition, hence the need for a safe and reliable presbyopia treatment.
Presbyopia treatment is recommended for patients over 40 who rely on glasses or contact lenses for reading purposes, and still have trouble in focusing on smaller objects or text.
Presbyopia treatment or presbyopia surgery is not recommended for the following groups of individuals:
● Pregnant patients
● Patients suffering from diabetes
● Patients suffering from other eye problems such as glaucoma or cataract
● Patients born with a larger diameter pupil or a very thin cornea
Patients need to have a thorough eye examination in order to ensure eligibility for the presbyopia treatment, since the condition is so similar to myopia. Patients should stop wearing contact lenses and makeup for a few days before the presbyopia treatment is set to begin – contact lenses may damage the cornea even further and makeup can interfere with the presbyopia treatment.
Presbyopia treatment or presbyopia surgery is usually performed under a local anaesthetic. A very precise excimer laser is used for this procedure. Once the anaesthesia kicks in, the excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea, thus correcting far, near and intermediate vision. The laser can be applied to one or both eyes and it only lasts around 10 minutes. Patients will regain good vision at all distances.
Overnight stay is not required
Patients can return to work and normal activities the next day after presbyopia treatment. Driving is allowed after a few weeks. Patients must refrain from touching or rubbing their eyes. Swimming in the ocean is forbidden after the presbyopia surgery. The eye doctor will provide patients with eye drops and a full set of guidelines that ensure the success of the procedure.
Presbyopia treatment risks and complications include:
● Infection in the eye region
● Revision surgery
Presbyopia treatment side effects include:
● Itchy eyes
● Redness around the eyes
● Dry eyes
● Increased sensitivity to light
Presbyopia treatment reviews set the average success rate at 77%.
Some patients may still rely on reading glasses in dim light but most patients will enjoy near-perfect vision in 2-3 weeks from the presbyopia treatment.