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Sex Reassignment Surgery

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Gender reassignment surgery,

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Dr. Ozge Ergun Plastic Surgery Clinic

Istanbul, Turkey
49 reviews
TPCD - Turkish Society of Plastic Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery ISHRS - International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery ESHRS - European Society of Hair Restoration Surgery
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Esteworld

Istanbul, Turkey
1 review
ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization
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Medical Park Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
11 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Acibadem Maslak Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
10 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Medical Park Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
4 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Raffles Hospital Singapore

SINGAPORE, Singapore
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Average Ratings:  
78 reviews

Sex Reassignment Surgery

Gender reassignment surgery, otherwise called sex reassignment surgery or just a sex change operation is a kind of operation which the sex of a patient is physically changed. The way toward changing one’s sex is rather complicated, and patients are not taking similar steps so as to attain it.



People who desire to live as the converse gender are identified as transgender. Since this current year, nearly a million transgender people live in the USA only.  

 

There are two major kinds of gender reassignment surgery:

● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
● Gender reassignment surgery male to female

Each sex change procedure is unique because it relies intensely upon the wishes and health, both mental and physical, of the patient.


Three major sex change steps should be followed by patients:

● Mental Health Evaluation – in-depth evaluation before hormone therapy
● Hormone Therapy – to masculinize or feminize the characteristics of the patient involving, strength, voice depth, and hair growth
● Gender reassignment surgery – the series of operations so as to turn the patient into the converse gender

Sex Reassignment Surgery Candidates

Gender reassignment surgery is suggested for transgender people.

Am I Suitable for Sex Reassignment Surgery?

People who have any following conditions are not suitable for Sex Reassignment Surgery:

● HIV infection
● Diabetes
● Hemophilia
● Deep vein thrombosis
● Severe hypertension
● Hepatitis C
● Obesity

Preparing for Sex Reassignment Surgery

A wide-ranging assessment of the patient will be done, so as to gain insight about the problems the person is encountering and the motives of their desire to sex reassignment operation. Before the operation, transgender people have to comprehend the hazards and limitations related to sex-change surgery. Patients generally need to get 2-3 assessments before directed to a hormone specialist. Following 12 months on hormone therapy, patients can go for gender reassignment surgery.

How is Sex Reassignment Surgery Performed?

Gender change surgery is carried out in a different way.

Gender reassignment surgery female to male:

● Mastectomy
● Hysterectomy
● Vaginectomy
● Urethral prefabrication
● Phalloplasty

Above operations are carried out in 3 major phases with 3 to 6 months between them. High charges and the risks of having complications makes just about 25% of transgender people to attend them entirely.

Gender reassignment surgery male to female:

● Penile skin inversion
● Colon vaginoplasty

The whole operations are carried out under general anesthesia, and the majority of the operations take 5 to 8 hours.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Summary

Anesthesia

General anesthetic

Hospital Stay

5 to 7 nights stay in the hospital is required

Number of Trips Abroad

1 trip

Duration of Operation

2 to 4 hours

Minimum Stay

Patient is required to stay 2 weeks in Istanbul

Sex Reassignment Surgery Recovery

The typical recovery time of sex reassignment surgery is changing according to the patient and the gender of them. 
● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
The hospital stay of the patient will last 30 days. The period can last up to a couple of years if the patient experienced all operations needed.

● Gender reassignment surgery male to female
After the operation, patients need to do a liquid-only diet for a week. After a week, patients can begin walking with a short duration. Sexual intercourse may be continued 2 months after the operation. A dilator has to be utilized by the patient for 30 minutes at least two times a day.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Risks and Complications

Gender reassignment surgery may come with the following risks and complications: 
● severe infection
● Loss of capability to orgasm
● Tissue necrosis
● Intestinal fistulae
● Thrombosis
● Incontinence
● Hematoma

Sex Reassignment Surgery Side Effects

Gender Reassignment Surgery side effects may involve:

● Pain
● Bleeding
● Vomiting and nausea
● Long recovery time, particularly for sex change female to male operation

Depression and high levels of anxiety may also be felt by some, before and after the gender reassignment operation.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Success Rates

Gender change operation is generally successful. About 80% of male-to-female patients state satisfactory sexual intercourse, involving the capability to orgasm.

Before and After Sex Reassignment Surgery

One week after the operation, transgender patients can remain on hormone therapy. In addition, male to female patients will not be capable of having a child or menstruating. The regret of having a sex change operation is about 1% in transgender patients.

Sex Reassignment Surgery FAQ

– Is sex reassignment surgery permanent?
Yes, the results are permanent, and because of that, the patients are needed to pass several mental health evaluations before getting a sex change operation.

– How long do I have to dilate, after having male to female sex reassignment surgery?
Patients will be needed to remain using a dilator daily for at least 2 years following the sex-change operation. After 2 years, it can be used 3 times a week.

– Can my neovagina lubricate naturally after a sex change operation?
Yes and no – it relies upon the kind of method used. While some sex reassignment surgery patients can enjoy some degree of lubrication, it may not be sufficient to ease intercourse fully. 

This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in September, 2019.