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Sex Reassignment Surgery

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Gender reassignment surgery, also known as sex reassignment surgery or simply a sex change operation is a type of procedure in which a patient’s sex is physically changed. The process of changing one’s sex is very complex and not all patients follow the same steps in order to achieve it.

Individuals who wish to live as the opposite sex are known as transgender. As of this year, there are close to a million transgender individuals in the USA alone.

There are two main types of gender reassignment surgery:

● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
● Gender reassignment surgery male to female

Each sex change operation is different, as it depends heavily on the patient’s wishes and health, both physical and mental.

There are three main sex change steps which patients can follow:

● Mental Health Evaluation – the patient must be thoroughly evaluated before following hormone therapy
● Hormone Therapy – hormones are used to masculinise or feminise the patient’s features, including voice depth, strength and hair growth
● Gender reassignment surgery – the set of procedures by which the patient can become the opposite sex

Sex Reassignment Surgery Candidates

A sex change operation is recommended for transgender individuals.

Am I Suitable for Sex Reassignment Surgery?

Gender reassignment surgery contraindications include:

● HIV infection
● Diabetes
● Hemophilia
● Deep vein thrombosis
● Severe hypertension
● Hepatitis C
● Obesity

Preparing for Sex Reassignment Surgery

A comprehensive evaluation of the patient is first done, in order to better understand the issues the individual is facing and the reasons as to why they wish gender reassignment surgery. Transgender individuals must understand the risks and limitations associated with a sex change operation before actually going in for surgery. Patients usually have two or three evaluations before going to a hormone specialist. After 12 months on hormone therapy, patients can opt for the sex change operation.

How is Sex Reassignment Surgery Performed?

A sex change operation is performed differently.

Gender reassignment surgery female to male:

● Mastectomy
● Hysterectomy
● Vaginectomy
● Urethral prefabrication
● Phalloplasty

These procedures are performed in 3 main stages with 3 to 6 months between them. The risk of developing complications as well as the high costs associated with these procedures means that only around 25% of transgender individuals will follow them fully.

Gender reassignment surgery male to female:

● Penile skin inversion
● Colon vaginoplasty

All procedures are performed under general anaesthesia and most of the procedures last between 5 and 8 hours.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Summary

Anesthesia

General anesthetic

Hospital Stay

5 to 7 nights stay in the hospital is required

Number of Trips Abroad

1 trip

Duration of Operation

2 to 4 hours

Minimum Stay

Patient is required to stay 2 weeks in Istanbul

Sex Reassignment Surgery Recovery

The average sex change operation recovery period is different for each individual and different depending on the sex of the patient:

● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
The patient will spend around 30 days in hospital. The process can take up to a few years, if the patient undertakes all procedures necessary.

● Gender reassignment surgery male to female
Patients must follow a liquid-only diet for a week after the sex change operation. After a week patients can start walking for short periods of time. Sexual intercourse may be resumed 2 months after the procedure. A dilator must be used by the patient for 30 minutes at least two times a day.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Risks and Complications

Risks and complications associated with a sex change operation can include:

● Severe infection
● Loss of ability to orgasm
● Tissue necrosis
● Intestinal fistulae
● Thrombosis
● Incontinence
● Hematoma

Sex Reassignment Surgery Side Effects

Side effects associated with a sex change operation can include:

● Pain
● Bleeding
● Vomiting and nausea
● Long recovery period, especially for sex change female to male surgery

Some patients may also experience depression and high levels of anxiety before and after the sex reassignment surgery.

Sex Reassignment Surgery Success Rates

Sex reassignment surgery is usually successful. Around 80% of male-to-female patients report satisfactory sexual intercourse, including the ability to orgasm.

Before and After Sex Reassignment Surgery

Transgender patients can continue hormone therapy one week after the sex reassignment surgery. Male to female patients will not be able to menstruate or have children. Around 1% of transgender patients regret having gender reassignment surgery.

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Acibadem Maslak Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Medical Park Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
10 reviews
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NewAge Clinic

Istanbul, Turkey
9 reviews
TPCD - Turkish Society of Plastic Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery ISHRS - International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery ESHRS - European Society of Hair Restoration Surgery
FROM€ 10,800
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Medical Park Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
4 reviews
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Raffles Hospital Singapore

SINGAPORE, Singapore
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Average Ratings:  
33 reviews

Sex Reassignment Surgery Cost

Average Sex Reassignment Surgery costs are € 10,800, based on Sex Reassignment Surgery prices from 6 clinics.

Sex Reassignment Surgery prices vary greatly depending on the clinic and the location. For example, Sex Reassignment Surgery in Turkey is a popular option where Sex Reassignment Surgery costs as low as € 10,800.

Please note that the Sex Reassignment Surgery prices listed on FlyMedi are the average price for Sex Reassignment Surgery procedures. Clinics may ask you to provide them with specific information about your medical condition in order to provide you a detailed cost estimate for Sex Reassignment Surgery procedures. To receive a personalized Sex Reassignment Surgery quote, please click HERE.

Sex Reassignment Surgery FAQ

?
Is sex reassignment surgery permanent?

Yes, the results are permanent. Patients are required to pass several mental health evaluations before having a sex change operation.

?
How long do I have to dilate, after having male to female sex reassignment surgery?

Patients will be required to continue using a dilator daily for at least 2 years after the sex change operation. After 2 years, it can be used 3 times a week.

?
Can my neovagina lubricate naturally after a sex change operation?

Yes and no – it depends on the type of technique used. While some sex reassignment surgery patients can enjoy some degree of lubrication, it may not be enough to fully facilitate intercourse.