Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Gender reassignment surgery, otherwise called sex reassignment surgery or just a sex change operation is a kind of operation which the sex of a patient is physically changed. The way toward changing one’s sex is rather complicated, and patients are not taking similar steps so as to attain it.
People who desire to live as the converse gender are identified as transgender. Since this current year, nearly a million transgender people live in the USA only.
There are two major kinds of gender reassignment surgery:
● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
● Gender reassignment surgery male to female
Each sex change procedure is unique because it relies intensely upon the wishes and health, both mental and physical, of the patient.
Three major sex change steps should be followed by patients:
● Mental Health Evaluation – in-depth evaluation before hormone therapy
● Hormone Therapy – to masculinize or feminize the characteristics of the patient involving, strength, voice depth, and hair growth
● Gender reassignment surgery – the series of operations so as to turn the patient into the converse gender
Gender reassignment surgery is suggested for transgender people.
People who have any following conditions are not suitable for Sex Reassignment Surgery:
● HIV infection
● Deep vein thrombosis
● Severe hypertension
● Hepatitis C
A wide-ranging assessment of the patient will be done, so as to gain insight about the problems the person is encountering and the motives of their desire to sex reassignment operation. Before the operation, transgender people have to comprehend the hazards and limitations related to sex-change surgery. Patients generally need to get 2-3 assessments before directed to a hormone specialist. Following 12 months on hormone therapy, patients can go for gender reassignment surgery.
Gender change surgery is carried out in a different way.
Gender reassignment surgery female to male:
● Urethral prefabrication
Above operations are carried out in 3 major phases with 3 to 6 months between them. High charges and the risks of having complications makes just about 25% of transgender people to attend them entirely.
Gender reassignment surgery male to female:
● Penile skin inversion
● Colon vaginoplasty
The whole operations are carried out under general anesthesia, and the majority of the operations take 5 to 8 hours.
5 to 7 nights stay in the hospital is required
2 to 4 hours
Patient is required to stay 2 weeks in Istanbul
The typical recovery time of sex reassignment surgery is changing according to the patient and the gender of them.
● Gender reassignment surgery female to male
The hospital stay of the patient will last 30 days. The period can last up to a couple of years if the patient experienced all operations needed.
● Gender reassignment surgery male to female
After the operation, patients need to do a liquid-only diet for a week. After a week, patients can begin walking with a short duration. Sexual intercourse may be continued 2 months after the operation. A dilator has to be utilized by the patient for 30 minutes at least two times a day.
Gender reassignment surgery may come with the following risks and complications:
● severe infection
● Loss of capability to orgasm
● Tissue necrosis
● Intestinal fistulae
Gender Reassignment Surgery side effects may involve:
● Vomiting and nausea
● Long recovery time, particularly for sex change female to male operation
Depression and high levels of anxiety may also be felt by some, before and after the gender reassignment operation.
Gender change operation is generally successful. About 80% of male-to-female patients state satisfactory sexual intercourse, involving the capability to orgasm.
One week after the operation, transgender patients can remain on hormone therapy. In addition, male to female patients will not be capable of having a child or menstruating. The regret of having a sex change operation is about 1% in transgender patients.
– Is sex reassignment surgery permanent?
Yes, the results are permanent, and because of that, the patients are needed to pass several mental health evaluations before getting a sex change operation.
– How long do I have to dilate, after having male to female sex reassignment surgery?
Patients will be needed to remain using a dilator daily for at least 2 years following the sex-change operation. After 2 years, it can be used 3 times a week.
– Can my neovagina lubricate naturally after a sex change operation?
Yes and no – it relies upon the kind of method used. While some sex reassignment surgery patients can enjoy some degree of lubrication, it may not be sufficient to ease intercourse fully.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in September, 2019.