Nearly all gum surgery procedures are performed under general anesthesia. The type of procedure applied is heavily dependent on the patient's condition and overall desired results. Here are the most common gum surgeries available for patients:
This procedure refers to the reduction of a patient’s excess gum tissue. Gum tissue is sometimes likely to grow too much and cover too much of the tooth, making teeth cleaning difficult. The procedure begins with a periodontist first numbing the area with a local anesthetic. The doctor will then proceed to excise the excess gum tissue, which will be later discarded. Gingivectomy surgery makes the teeth more aesthetically appealing by making them more visible as well as easier to clean. Most patients will opt for this procedure for aesthetic reasons rather than functional.
Gingivoplasty surgery is a type of gum surgery that is performed for aesthetic reasons. This procedure implies the careful reshaping of the patient's gum tissue for a more aesthetic result. The procedure is usually performed to correct any deformities of the patient's gums.
Gum Graft Surgery
Gum graft surgery or gum tissue graft surgery is an operation recommended to patients with a receding gum line. Gum recession is a common condition in which the gum tissue which surrounds a tooth gets smaller and smaller, eventually exposing the root of the tooth. This condition can lead to tooth loss and even bone loss if left untreated.
There are three main types of gum tissue graft surgery: Connective tissue graft surgery – this type of gum surgery uses a graft created from the tissue found beneath the roof of the mouth, also known as a palate.
Free gingival graft surgery – this type of gum surgery is very similar to connective tissue graft surgery.
Pedicle graft surgery – this type of gum surgery uses tissue from adjacent areas to correct the receding gum line.
Gingival Flap Surgery
Gingival flap surgery is a type of surgery used to treat periodontal disease or the so-called periodontal pocket. The periodontal pocket is actually an accumulation of bacteria directly under the patient's gumline. Gingival flap surgery starts with administering local anesthetic in the affected region. The doctor will then proceed to separate the gum tissue from the teeth. Once that's done, the doctor will begin cleaning all plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the area. The tooth's roots may also be smoothed as a preventive measure.
Pinhole Gum Surgery
Pinhole gum surgery is a relatively new type of gum surgery. This procedure is non-invasive and does not require sutures, incisions, or gum grafts. The procedure is performed by creating pinholes in the patient's gum tissue. Special instruments are then inserted through the pinholes to loosen the patient's gum tissue and move it to the desired position. As the last step, collagen is pushed through the pinholes to stick the gums into their new position during the healing phase.