If you experience stomach cancer or tumor, have health or life-threatening polyps and ulcers, or suffer from morbid obesity, you may be qualified for gastrectomy. In any case, your professional will be taking the decision regarding stomach removal.
Preparation for gastrectomy has a couple of stages. Firstly, when the decision about partial or total gastrectomy is taken, your professional needs to be aware of every kind of diseases and medical conditions that you are suffering, just as all the drugs you take regularly. Then, the ones that can affect your stomach removal surgery will be identified. Also, put away all blood-thinning medications such as aspirins are crucial, about a week prior to your surgery. Lastly, a few days before gastrectomy, you need to fast and not take neither food nor even a sip of water.
Gastrectomy has four categories :
•Total gastrectomy – doctor erases whole of the sufferer’s stomach during stomach surgery
•Partial gastrectomy – generally stomach’s lower part is taken from the sufferer
•Sleeve gastrectomy – left the side of the stomach is removed alone in gastric surgery, it is carried out generally as a weight loss procedure
•Oesophagogastrectomy – both the top of one's stomach and some part of the gullet is removed Apart from this, there are two main techniques of gastrectomy, regarding the way the doctor accesses the patient's stomach. In the classical method, the abdomen of the patient is opened in order to carry out the gastrectomy. On the other hand, the newer approach is the laparoscopic gastrectomy, where rather than a bigger cut, small incisions are made, and the abdomen is entered with the use of laparoscopy. This strategy for stomach medical procedure results in a shorter recovery period, and the scar of it will be less noticeable.
After a day or two from your gastrectomy can be a fairly distressing experience. A tube will be put in your stomach through your nose in to gather fluids created by it. For the following days after stomach surgery, you will have to remain at the hospital for your recovery period. Then, there comes a normal life with a completely new diet – the doctor will introduce you into details, but shortly, food will need to be vitamin-rich while high-fiber foods are forbidden. This eating routine may be needed for a few months after your stomach operation or even longer than that.
Operation of Gastrectomy is a complicated surgery, during which you may be exposed to some risks. Which includes infections, internal bleeding, leaking of stomach acid, and complications related to your digestive system. On the other hand, these complications are uncommon, and if you accompanied by a good professional, you won't be experienced during your gastrectomy.
Dumping syndrome is one of the most crucial side effects of partial or total gastrectomy. Many patients who treated for stomach removal operation are also experiencing it. Eating too much or choosing foods that are unsuitable will make your gastric system reacted with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Nevertheless, if you use a personalized diet after your surgery, the dumping syndrome will be restrained.
Gastrectomy operation’s success relies on the type of stomach removal carried out. As for partial or sleeve gastrectomy, the rate of success is estimated to be approximately 99%, with a 75% rate of success as for weight loss outcome. As for total gastrectomy, the 5-year survival rate is thought to be around 70%.
The essential difference after gastrectomy is eating habit. Adjusting to it might take some time. Aside from it, stomach removal should affect a patient's well-being, regarding both health and (in the case of patients suffering previously from morbid obesity) weight loss positively.
Is Gastric Sleeve a Good Weight Loss Treatment? Most of the specialists use a gastric sleeve or other techniques such as lap band and gastric bypass only if more traditional, non-invasive methods such as diet and active lifestyle fail. Therefore, sleeve gastrectomy is rather the last attempt at weight loss treatment.
How does your Life Look Like after Gastrectomy?
It relies on the scope of your operation. However, usually, patients get used to their new eating habits and can lead to a better quality of life.
Is Gastrectomy a Good Method of Fighting a Stomach Cancer?
It relies on cancer, its size, position, and improvement. Your doctor will choose whether stomach removal is an appropriate method for battling with cancer.
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This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.