Pancreas transplant surgery or pancreas transplantation surgery is the operation of planting a healthy pancreas or part of a healthy pancreas into another patient’s body. The patients of these transplants are usually suffering from diabetes.
The pancreas is one of the vital organs in a human’s body. It plays a critical role in digestion and production of insulin, and others. Usually, when a pancreas transplant takes place, the patient's pancreas stays in the same place, and the new, donated pancreas is attached in a different location. This is done because in certain cases, the new pancreas is rejected by the body, which can be deadly if the patient’s pancreas doesn’t remain on the body.
There are two main types of pancreas donors:
● Living donors – With living donors, pancreas transplant operation can be performed. To donate a section of the pancreas, there are some necessities. This operation is also called partial pancreas transplant surgery.
● Recently deceased donors – Pancreas transplant surgery from recently deceased donors is performed by transplanting the entire organ, rather than a part of it.
Pancreas transplant surgery can be performed in 4 different ways:
● Single pancreas transplant surgery – This operation is generally performed for the patients who are suffering from type 1 diabetes, but with good functionality of the kidneys
● Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant – This procedure is also known as SPK, SPK implies the transplant of a pancreas and kidney simultaneously from the same deceased donor● Pancreas after a kidney transplant – Also known as PAK, implies a pancreas transplant procedure after a different kidney transplant has been performed using a different donor
● Simultaneous deceased-donor pancreas and live-donor kidney transplant – This treatment technique also has the best results.
Over 90% of pancreas transplantation procedures are simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants.
For the patients who are suffering from Type 1 Diabetes pancreas transplant surgery is suggested since these patients are more at risk of experiencing severe complications as a result of the disease.
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