Thyroidectomy surgery is the practice of removing the thyroid gland either completely or partly. In general, thyroidectomy surgery is performed for patients who have a goiter, hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, or thyroid nodules.
The thyroid which is located under Adam's apple is responsible for the production of many different hormones such as calcitonin, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine. Some of the patients who are experiencing difficulties in breathing and swallowing because of their enlarged thyroid eventually have a thyroidectomy surgery.
There are six types of thyroidectomy surgery, but the most common are:
● Partial thyroidectomy surgery – only a part of the thyroid gland is removed, specifically the part of the gland that is located right in front of the trachea ● Near-total thyroidectomy surgery – both lobes of the thyroid gland are removed, apart from a very small amount of thyroid tissue
● Total thyroidectomy surgery – the entire gland is removed during this procedure
Depending on the patient's illness, surgeons decide on the type of thyroidectomy surgery they would perform. If the patient’s case is about aesthetic or cosmetic reasons, partial thyroidectomy operation would be more appropriate.