Sleep apnea is one of sleep disorders which affects a constantly growing number of patients. There are two major types of sleep apnea:
• Central Sleep Apnea – in central sleep apnea, the muscles responsible for breathing stop working for short periods of time due to the brain not sending signals to them.
• Obstructive Sleep Apnea – obstructive sleep apnea (or shortly OSA) is a situation in which one’s nose becomes periodically blocked due to excess of soft tissues inside one’s throat and nose or due to overt relaxation of muscles in this area. Obstructive sleep apnea is usually related to as simply ‘sleep apnea’.
Central sleep apnea cannot currently be treated with any invasive treatment such as surgery. As for OSA, there are many sleep apnea treatment options available, of which sleep apnea surgery is usually used as the last resort when other methods do not bring sleep apnea relief.
Sleep Apnea Causes
To most common sleep apnea causes belong overweight and obesity. People with those medical conditions are at high risk of sleep apnea. Additionally, alcohol overuse and smoking are often counted as sleep apnea causes.
Sleep Apnea Symptoms
When it comes to signs of sleep apnea, the most obvious is snoring. However, not every snoring person has sleep apnea. More specific sleep apnea symptoms such as long pauses in breath are often spotted by spouses and family of people suffering from obstructive apnea.