Cervical cancer treatment aims to treat the cancer of the cervix. In contrast to other types of cancer, involving breast cancer, lung cancer, and brain cancer, the reasons for cervical cancer are fairly known and, in some countries, cervical cancer prevention procedures are being done.
Despite the cervical cancer prevention procedures, still many female patients are suffering from cervical carcinoma. Studies show that cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer and causes, specifically in developing countries, the common reason for cancer-related deaths among women. For treating cervical cancer, cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy can be performed.
HPV and Cervical Cancer
To make successful cervical cancer prevention, the discovery of the connection between HPV and cervical cancer was crucial. HPV is a kind of virus that generally does not cause any symptoms; therefore, many people suffer from it without knowing. HPV is one of the biggest factors for cervical cancer, causing up to 90% of cervical cancer cases.
To eliminate cervical cancer around the world, vaccination for HPV is very important. Rising cervical cancer awareness has a positive effect on this subject. However, naming the HPV vaccine a “vaccine for cervical cancer” is an unrealistic approach since there are cervical cancer patients who don’t have HPV.
There are 3 main types of treatment for cervical cancer:
• Cancer Surgery – in stage 0 cervical cancer treatment, stage 1 cervical cancer treatment, and stage 2 cervical cancer treatment, a cancer surgery such as one of the types of hysterectomy surgery may be effective in fighting with cervical carcinoma. Stage 3 cervical cancer treatment might involve hysterectomy to delay the progression of cancer. In stage 4 cervical cancer treatment, an operation would not have any positive effects for the patient. Hysterectomy is an operation that is performed to resect the womb together with the cervix and other organs and tissues nearby them. Depending on the stages of cervical cancer, its scope (total hysterectomy, partial hysterectomy, etc.) varies.
• Chemotherapy for Cervical Cancer – chemotherapy is frequently performed to support hysterectomy treatment or other cancer operations, but it might also be performed as the first practice in late cervical cancer stages. In chemotherapy, strong drugs are used to eliminate cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatment is performed in sessions.
• Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer – radiation therapy (radiotherapy) is frequently performed to support chemotherapy. While treating cervical cancer with radiotherapy, radioactive elements are either emitted through a machine that is called external radiation therapy or injected/swallowed which is an internal radiation therapy to eliminate cancer cells of cervical carcinoma.
The second key to preventing cervical cancer is cervical cancer screening guidelines. Women who are above a certain age should regularly take the PAP smear test for cervical cancer. Cervical cancer generally grows gradually, from noncancerous changes in the cervix – a PAP smear allows for cervical cancer prevention or at least for early diagnosis of cancer.
Cervical Cancer Treatment (25 Clinics)