Recommended For Cervical Cancer Treatment
The second key to preventing cervical cancer is cervical cancer screening guidelines. Women who are above a certain age should regularly take the PAP smear test for cervical cancer. Cervical cancer generally grows gradually, from noncancerous changes in the cervix – a PAP smear allows for cervical cancer prevention or at least for early diagnosis of cancer.
Cervical cancer treatment aims to treat the cancer of the cervix. In contrast to other types of cancer, involving breast cancer, lung cancer, and brain cancer, the reasons for cervical cancer are fairly known and, in some countries, cervical cancer prevention procedures are being done.
Despite the cervical cancer prevention procedures, still many female patients are suffering from cervical carcinoma. Studies show that cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer and causes, specifically in developing countries, the common reason for cancer-related deaths among women. For treating cervical cancer, cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy can be performed.
HPV and Cervical Cancer
To make successful cervical cancer prevention, the discovery of the connection between HPV and cervical cancer was crucial. HPV is a kind of virus that generally does not cause any symptoms; therefore, many people suffer from it without knowing. HPV is one of the biggest factors for cervical cancer, causing up to 90% of cervical cancer cases.
To eliminate cervical cancer around the world, vaccination for HPV is very important. Rising cervical cancer awareness has a positive effect on this subject. However, naming the HPV vaccine a “vaccine for cervical cancer” is an unrealistic approach since there are cervical cancer patients who don’t have HPV.
There are 3 main types of treatment for cervical cancer:
• Cancer Surgery – in stage 0 cervical cancer treatment, stage 1 cervical cancer treatment, and stage 2 cervical cancer treatment, a cancer surgery such as one of the types of hysterectomy surgery may be effective in fighting with cervical carcinoma. Stage 3 cervical cancer treatment might involve hysterectomy to delay the progression of cancer. In stage 4 cervical cancer treatment, an operation would not have any positive effects for the patient. Hysterectomy is an operation that is performed to resect the womb together with the cervix and other organs and tissues nearby them. Depending on the stages of cervical cancer, its scope (total hysterectomy, partial hysterectomy, etc.) varies.
• Chemotherapy for Cervical Cancer – chemotherapy is frequently performed to support hysterectomy treatment or other cancer operations, but it might also be performed as the first practice in late cervical cancer stages. In chemotherapy, strong drugs are used to eliminate cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatment is performed in sessions.
• Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer – radiation therapy (radiotherapy) is frequently performed to support chemotherapy. While treating cervical cancer with radiotherapy, radioactive elements are either emitted through a machine that is called external radiation therapy or injected/swallowed which is an internal radiation therapy to eliminate cancer cells of cervical carcinoma.
Cervical cancer treatment should begin with decent preparation. Before starting cervical cancer treatment, the patients should inform the doctors about other health problems they suffer from and the medications they are taking.
If the patient’s cervical cancer treatment plan involves a cancer surgery, the patient should quit smoking for a couple of weeks before the surgery. Also, before the operation, the doctors might ask the patient to fast for half a day or more.
Lastly, the patients should arrange transportation for themselves since they won’t be able to drive after the operation and after the chemotherapy or radiation therapy sessions as well.
The recovery period of cervical cancer treatment is depended on the type of cervical cancer treatment chosen by your doctor. If the patient had an operation for cancer such as hysterectomy, the patient should stay for a couple of days in the hospital. Also, the patient would have a drainage tube and a catheter that is inserted into the patient’s body. Later, when the patients return home, the patients should rest as much as they can but also, they should have walked and done other less strenuous activities to prevent the formation of blood clots. A couple of weeks after the cancer surgery, the patient would be fine.
The recovery period of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is much longer, and it might last for months or even years to completely recover. However, both treatments are generally outpatient practices.
Just like in any other cancer treatment, cervical cancer treatment might cause some complications. However, their prevalence is quite low.
Some of the risks of hysterectomy surgery are:
• Damage to internal organs such as bowels, bladder or ureter
• Formation of blood clots
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy has several complications that include:
• Damage to organs such as lungs
• Neurological problems
Even though cervical cancer treatment has an overall positive effect, still there are some side effects related to the procedure. These side effects include early menopause or problems with bladder and bowels in hysterectomy, problems with memory and concentration, hair loss, and weight loss in chemotherapy and radiation therapy procedures.
Depending on the stage of cervical cancer, success rates of treatment differs. For instance, there is a 93% 5-year survival rate for stage 0 cervical cancer treatment, though stage 4 cervical cancer treatment has a 16% survival rate.
HPV and Cervical Cancer – What Is the Connection?
HPV causes most cases of cervical carcinoma. Therefore, the HPV vaccine is frequently called the “vaccine for cervical cancer”.
What is the Key to Cervical Cancer Prevention?
Two best ways of preventing cervical cancer or at least early diagnosis of cancer are well-done cervical cancer screening guidelines, including regular PAP smears and HPV vaccines.
What are the Cervical Cancer Treatment Options?
In early cervical cancer stages, doctors choose to perform surgery, sometimes combined with chemotherapy. In later stages of cervical cancer, the doctors recommend chemotherapy paired with radiation therapy.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in September, 2019.