Laminectomyis a surgical operation which involves the removal ofthe vertebral bone (lamina) either partially or completely. Laminectomy is also called decompression surgery since the operation ease the pressure on the spinal nerves or spinal cord.
Laminectomy is mostly performed for patients who have arthritis in their spine. It may cause unmanageable bone development around the spinal canal. As a result of the grown bones, the spinal canal becomes narrower, and it causes pressure on the spinal cord and the spinal nerves. This state is known as spinal stenosis, which may cause numbness around the arms or legs, weakness, and radiating pain.
Even though laminectomy operation is a relatively safe and reliable surgery with consistent results, it is chosen to be performed only when other kinds of less invasive treatments fail such as physical therapy or injections. Also, laminectomy surgery can be performed when the patient is suffering from severe symptoms, or it can be performed as a part of the herniated spinal disk operation.
Laminectomy surgery is recommended for patients suffering from painful spinal stenosis caused by large bone spurs, which can compress the spinal nerves.
When different kind of treatments did not succeed, Laminectomy is performed so as to ease the symptoms. Muscular weakness, which is one of the symptoms, can cause difficulties walking and difficulties controlling bladder or bowel. Laminectomy is mostly performed when the patient has spinal stenosis, which is affecting 3 or more vertebrae.
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