Corneal transplant surgery, likewise called corneal transplantation or simply corneal grafting,
Cheapest Corneal Transplant price in Turkey is € 5,000. Average Corneal Transplant cost in Turkey is € 6,750 where prices can go as high as € 7,100.
With FlyMedi, you can connect with 11 Eye Care centers in Turkey that are offering Corneal Transplant procedures. These Eye Care centers are accredited by international standard-setting bodies including JCI and ISO 9001:2000. Popular Corneal Transplant destinations in Turkey include Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya.
Prices listed on this page are the average price for Corneal Transplant. Clinics may require more details regarding your medical condition in order to provide you with a personalized Corneal Transplant quote. For a more accurate Corneal Transplant price quote, please click HERE.
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
Corneal transplant surgery, likewise called corneal transplantation or simply corneal grafting, is a surgical operation where an ill or if not, damaged cornea is substituted with a donated, healthy cornea.
The front of the eye is covered by cornea which is a clear tissue that is needed to stay clear for an accurate vision. The cornea is a delicate eye part, and can become damaged because of a variety of reasons, involving:
● Corneal scarring from infections or blunt trauma
● Keratoconus – a circumstance in which the cornea turns out to be quite thin and changes its shape
● Dystrophies – Fuchs’ dystrophy, Lattice dystrophy and various others
Corneal transplantation or corneal transplant surgery have 2 kinds:
● Penetrating keratoplasty – In this operation, the total cornea is substituted with a healthy donor cornea – it is otherwise called as full corneal transplant
● Lamellar keratoplasty – In this operation, just a part of cornea is substituted – it is otherwise called as partial corneal transplant
The graft is generally gathered from a person with a healthy cornea, who died in recent times. It should be noted that even though it is mostly an effective operation providing a long-lasting outcomes, corneal transplant surgery is particularly carried out after other treatment kinds are unsuccessful.
There are several indications of corneal transplant surgery or corneal transplantation such as:
● Optical indications – patient’s eyesight can be improved by the operation with eliminating and substituting any tissue impacted by illnesses, for instance, keratitis, dystrophy, corneal degeneration, keratoglobus.
● Reconstructive indications – the operation is carried out in order to maintain the corneal integrity in patients experiencing descemetoceles or stromal thinning. It can as well be utilized to construct the eye again after corneal perforation that happened because of blunt trauma.
● Therapeutic indications – corneal transplant surgery may be carried out to eliminate the inflamed corneal tissue that antibiotics cannot heal.
● Cosmetic indications – patients with a whitening in the eyes due to corneal scars may get help from the corneal transplantation to improve the aesthetics.
If a patient can get the similar outcome with other kinds of less invasive treatments then, corneal transplant surgery or corneal transplantation is not suggested for that patient.
Before the corneal transplant surgery, a detailed eye assessment should be done by an ophthalmologist. Additionally a physical assessment, EKG, blood tests and x-rays is needed.
Typically general anesthesia is given for a corneal transplant surgery but local anesthesia with IV sedation may likewise be given.
Penetrating keratoplasty surgery – full corneal transplant
After the anesthesia, the surgeon uses a circular cutting device to remove the cornea from the donor. Another circular cutting device is used to remove the patient’s cornea as well. After that, the cornea is stitched in place with very small stitches. Eye drops as an antibiotic are then used so as to lessen the infection risk.
Lamellar keratoplasty surgery – partial corneal transplant
Lamellar keratoplasty surgery can be performed using numerous methods. The only difference from penetrating keratoplasty surgery is that diseased layers of the cornea are substituted and healthy layers are kept the same.
After the corneal transplantation operation, hospital stay for some time is needed to recover.
Local or General anesthetic
After the corneal transplant procedure, patients may use eye drops as antibiotics for some weeks. They may likewise use corticosteroids for some months. Wearing sunglasses, glasses, or eye shields will be necessary to keep the eye away from any trauma.
Risks and complications of corneal transplantation operation involve:
● Cataract formation
● Retinal detachment
● Other vision problems
Side effects of corneal transplant surgery involve:
● Inflammation in the eyes region
● Itchiness in the eyes region
● Pain and discomfort
● Dry eyes
The average success rates that shown in corneal transplantation reviews are between 70 and 89%, based on the issues the patient is experiencing.
The patient’s sight will gradually improve throughout 12 to 18 months and full visual potential of the patient will be reached in about 18 months after the corneal transplant surgery. Some patients may additionally wear rigid contact lenses after the corneal transplantation procedure.
- What is the chance of developing rejection symptoms after a corneal transplant?
It usually happens in less than 20% of cases.
- Are there any alternatives to corneal transplant surgery?
Yes, a few – including contact lenses.
- Are there any alternatives to using a cornea from a deceased individual?
Yes, artificial corneas are also available.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.