It usually happens in less than 20% of cases.
Corneal transplant surgery, also known as corneal transplantation or simply corneal grafting is a surgical procedure in which a diseased or otherwise damaged cornea is replaced with a donated, healthy cornea.
The cornea is the clear tissue that covers the front of the eye and as such, it must remain clear for patients to see properly. The cornea is a sensitive part of the eye, and it can get damaged due to a wide range of reasons, including:
● Corneal scarring from infections or blunt trauma
● Keratoconus – a condition in which the cornea becomes very thin and changes its shape
● Dystrophies – Fuchs’ dystrophy, Lattice dystrophy and many others
There are two types of corneal transplantation or corneal transplant surgery:
● Penetrating keratoplasty – During this procedure, the entire cornea is replaced with a healthy donor cornea – it is also known as a full corneal transplant
● Lamellar keratoplasty – During this procedure, only part of the cornea is replaced – it is also known as a partial corneal transplant
The graft is usually harvested from a recently dead individual with a healthy cornea. It’s worthy to note that although it is a generally successful procedure which provides long-lasting results, corneal transplant surgery is only performed when other types of treatment are ineffective.
Corneal transplant surgery or corneal transplantation has many indications, including:
● Optical – the procedure can improve the patient’s eyesight by removing and replacing any tissue affected by diseases such as keratitis, dystrophy, corneal degeneration, keratoglobus.
● Reconstructive – the procedure is performed to preserve the corneal integrity in patients suffering from descemetoceles or stromal thinning. It can also be used to reconstruct the eye after corneal perforation due to blunt trauma.
● Therapeutic indications – corneal transplant surgery may be performed in order to remove inflamed corneal tissue which cannot be healed through the use of antibiotics.
● Cosmetic indications – corneal transplantation can improve the aesthetics of patients with corneal scars which often leads to a whitening of the eyes.
Corneal transplant surgery or corneal transplantation is not recommended for patients which can get the same results through other types of less invasive treatment.
Patients need to have a thorough eye examination with an ophthalmologist before the corneal transplant surgery. The patient should also have a physical examination, blood tests, EKG and X-rays done before the corneal transplantation procedure.
Corneal transplant surgery is usually done under general anesthesia but local anesthesia with IV sedation may also be used.
Penetrating keratoplasty surgery – full corneal transplant
Once the anesthesia kicks in, the surgeon uses a circular cutting device to remove the cornea from the donor. Another circular cutting device is used to remove the patient’s cornea as well. Once that is done, the cornea is sewn in place with very small sutures. Antibiotic eye drops are then used in order to reduce the risk of infection.
Lamellar keratoplasty surgery – partial corneal transplant
Several techniques can be used while performing lamellar keratoplasty surgery. The only difference is that diseased layers of the cornea are replaced and healthy layers are left in place.
Once the corneal transplantation procedure is over, the patient will spend some time in hospital in order to recover.
Local or General anesthetic
Antibiotics in the form of eye drops are used for a few weeks after the corneal transplant procedure. Corticosteroids are also used for a few months after the corneal transplantation procedure is done. Patients will be required to wear sunglasses, glasses or eye shields in order to protect the eye from any trauma.
Corneal transplantation procedure risks and complications include:
● Cataract formation
● Retinal detachment
● Other vision problems
Corneal transplant surgery side effects include:
● Inflammation in the eyes region
● Itchiness in the eyes region
● Pain and discomfort
● Dry eyes
Corneal transplantation reviews set the average success rate between 70 and 89%, depending on the problems the patient is facing.
It takes around 18 months for the patient to achieve full visual potential after the corneal transplant surgery. Some patients may also wear rigid contact lenses after the corneal transplantation procedure. The patient’s sight will slowly improve over the course of 12 to 18 months.
Cheapest Corneal Transplant price in Turkey is € 5,000. Average Corneal Transplant cost in Turkey is € 6,750 where prices can go as high as € 7,100.
With FlyMedi, you can connect with 10 Eye Care centers in Turkey that are offering Corneal Transplant procedures. These Eye Care centers are accredited by international standard-setting bodies including JCI and ISO 9001:2000. Popular Corneal Transplant destinations in Turkey include Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya.
Prices listed on this page are the average price for Corneal Transplant. Clinics may require more details regarding your medical condition in order to provide you with a personalized Corneal Transplant quote. For a more accurate Corneal Transplant price quote, please click HERE.
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
It usually happens in less than 20% of cases.
Yes, a few – including contact lenses.
Yes, artificial corneas are also available.