Istanbul is the biggest city in Turkey and In Europe, according to population – it has over 14 million inhabitants. Istanbul is Turkey’s financial, cultural and healthcare hub – it’s the city with the most JCI accredited private hospitals. The city spreads on both sides of the Bosphorus – The strait that divides the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea. Istanbul also connects Europe to Asia forming a very interesting mix, both gastronomically and culturally.
Over 11 million tourists visited Istanbul in 2012, making it the fifth most popular tourist destination in the world.
Sights to See
The Blue Mosque
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, also called the Blue Mosque incorporates Islamic architecture and Byzantine Christian elements in its design. It is considered to be the last great mosque of the classical period. The Mosque got its name from the 20,000 Iznik blue ceramic tiles used to line its interiors. The Blue Mosque is also the final resting place of Sultan Ahmed which commissioned the building in 1609, with work finishing in 1616.
The Basilica Cistern is one of the most popular tourist sites in Istanbul. The Cistern is huge, with a total of 336 columns arranged in 12 rows. It was built in order to store water during the Byzantine time – in the 6th century. Most of the columns feature decorative carvings, as they were re-used from other classical-age structures. Some of the most interesting columns on the site are the Medusa stones, in the north-west corner of the Cistern.
Topkapı Palace is one of the finest examples of Islamic art and architecture. The palace itself was built by Mehmet the Conqueror in the 15th century and has been the residence of Ottoman Sultans for over 400 years. The palace is a vast complex of richly decorated courtyards and rooms. The palace features a Harem, the Imperial Treasury room, the Imperial Council Chamber, the Second Court, the Third Court (the Sultan’s private rooms) and the Palace Kitchens. The palace became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and has been described as “one of the best examples of palaces of the Ottoman period”.
Tourists can enjoy a wide range of shopping centres and bazaars such as the Grand Bazaar, the Egyptian bazaar and many modern shopping malls all around Istanbul.
Things to Know
● Tourists arriving in Istanbul will be required to purchase a tourist Visa – the procedure can be easily done online or at a visa machine before the immigration section of the airport. The Visa costs around 20 USD.
● There are 3 main airports in Istanbul. Hazerfen Airport is a private airport with limited traffic. Atatürk Airport is located on the European side of Istanbul and Sabiha Gökçen Airport is located on the Asian side of Istanbul. Usually planes land at the Atatürk Airport (IATA:IST) which is just 20 km from the city centre. From there a visitor can take a taxi to Taksim Square for around TRY60. Tourists can also use a local airport service called Havataş which runs express bus services every 30 minutes for around TRY11 to Taksim Square and Aksaray.
● Food and drink at the airport is quite expensive and may cost 4 times more than in the city. It is advisable to bring your own meals from the town if you have a lot of waiting to do at the airport. There is also a supermarket close to the airport metro entrance where you can buy reasonably priced food and drink.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira (TRY) just about anywhere across Istanbul. Most shops and supermarkets also accept credit cards for payment.
● Roaming fees in Turkey are expensive, but you can simply buy a new SIM card when you reach Istanbul and use it for the duration of your stay.
● Istanbul has a humid subtropical climate, so the summer months are generally warm and in winter temperatures differ from place to place.
Invisalign and clear correct are some of the most popular clear aligners in the world today. Clear aligners, commonly known as clear correct and Invisalign are a type of orthodontic device used to adjust teeth. Invisalign gained a lot of popularity among dentists and patients alike since the early 2000s, as a more comfortable alternative to dental braces.
Dental braces are used in orthodontics to align and straighten the teeth, correcting any crooked teeth, cross bites, deep bites, open bites, overbites and malocclusions.
Over 2.5 million people from all around the world have been treated with Invisalign and around 80.000 dentists have been trained as Invisalign specialists.
Invisalign has several advantages over traditional metal braces:
● Invisalign braces are nearly invisible – patients don’t have to feel self conscious about wearing braces.
● Invisalign braces are detachable – the patient can wear them whenever he or she wishes. This also makes cleaning and flossing much easier than compared to traditional metal braces.
● Invisalign braces have no brackets or wires, so visiting the dentist for continuous adjustments is not necessary.
In the same time it’s worthy to note that not all patients can benefit from Invisalign - others may require traditional orthodontic treatments.
Invisalign is recommended for individuals with one or more of the following:
● Crooked teeth
● Gapped teeth
● Cross bites
● Open bites
Am I Suitable for Invisalign™?
Invisalign braces may not be the best treatment choice for patients with extremely crooked teeth or crooked back teeth.
Preparing for Invisalign™
Patients need to provide their dentists with a dental X-ray before the treatment can begin. Some patients may require other dental work before beginning treatment with Invisalign.
How is Invisalign™ Performed?
The Invisalign dentist will first take polyvinyl siloxane impressions, bite registrations and photographs of the patient’s gums and teeth. The dental impressions are then scanned and a 3D model of the teeth is created. The 3D model is then altered according to the desired results and a special program is used to create the stages between the current and the desired final teeth position. Between 6 and 48 aligners are then created, depending on the needs – each aligner can move teeth from 0.25 to 0.33 millimetres.
1 - 2 days per trip
Number of Trips Abroad
Patients will usually have to make several trips to the dentist
Invisalign treatment usually takes around 13.5 months, including the time needed to create the various aligners used. Each aligner needs to be worn 20 hours a day for two weeks. Treatment time depends on the complexity of the procedure itself and the extent of the orthodontic issues the patient may have. The patient needs to remove the aligner while eating, brushing and flossing – maintaining a good oral hygiene is essential during treatment. Once the Invisalign treatment period is over, the patient will be required to wear the last aligner at night for a period of time.
Invisalign™ Risks and Complications
Invisalign risks and complications can include:
● Increased risk of tooth decay due to Invisalign
● Difficulty speaking
● Lengthier treatment for non-compliant patients
Invisalign™ Side Effects
Invisalign side effects include the following:
● Dental discomfort
● Tenderness of the gums
Invisalign™ Success Rates
Invisalign reviews set the average treatment success rate at 85%.
Before and After Invisalign™
Invisalign results will slowly begin to become apparent after the first month. Invisalign braces need to be worn for a very long period of time – the average duration of the treatment is 13.5 months. Patients need to be careful and follow the Invisalign dentist’s instructions thoroughly. Hot drinks such as tea can warp the Invisalign, making it practically useless. Alcohol and sugary drinks can lead to plaque buildup, so patients need to refrain from them.
Patients may also lose weight during Invisalign treatment – individuals following the treatment usually refrain from any light snacks during the day.