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Total knee replacement surgery, also known as total knee arthroplasty is a type of orthopedic procedure usually performed when any of the knee’s 3 main cartilage structures are damaged from injury or disease. 
Most of the time for the patients who are suffering from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, meniscus tears, cartilage defects or ligament tears, total knee replacement surgery is performed.

For about 70% of the patients, total knee replacement operation is performed, and for the other patient's partial knee replacement surgery is performed, or alternative treatments are chosen which can be stem cells, minimally invasive knee surgery or weight loss programs.


For the patients who are suffering from meniscus tears, cartilage tears, ligament tears, knee trauma or disease, psoriatic arthritis, and rheumatic arthritis, total knee replacement operation is suggested.

Total Knee Replacement (28 Clinics)

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Memorial Atasehir Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
Memorial Atasehir Hospital Verified
  • 143 bed capacity
  • Full-fledged Radiology Department
  • Full equipped operations and MRA and CT rooms
  • 7/24 working center
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Memorial Antalya Hospital
Antalya, Turkey
Memorial Antalya Hospital Verified
  • Quality health services in the mediterranean
  • 15,000 square meter JCI-accredited health care facility
  • 132 in-patient beds
  • American College of Embryology accredited embryology lab
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€ 13,277
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Ethica Incirli Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
Ethica Incirli Hospital Verified
  • Scientific developments at international level
  • Free transfers between airport, hotel and clinic
  • Serve with zero errors
  • Serve in 8 different languages
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€ 3,983
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Memorial Sisli Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
Memorial Sisli Hospital Verified
  • Since first opening its doors in 2000
  • 200 bed capacity
  • Pneumatic tube transfer system
  • Pressure support system to control temperature
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Memorial Ankara Hospital
Ankara, Turkey
Memorial Ankara Hospital Verified
  • 42,000 square meters of closed area
  • Digital Coronary Angiography room
  • Designed as a world-class hospital
  • Has 256-sliced Computerized Tomography (CT) device
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€ 13,277
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Carolina Medical Center
Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Carolina Medical Center Verified
  • Founded in 1998
  • One of the biggest orthopaedics hospital
  • 24-hour emergency service
  • Speak fluent English, German and more
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€ 8,000
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Florence Nightingale Istanbul
Istanbul, Turkey
Florence Nightingale Istanbul Verified
  • Accredited by ISO, JCI and the TUV
  • Free airport pickup and free VIP transfers
  • Translation services in English, German and more
  • 700 bed capacity
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KCM Clinic
Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
KCM Clinic Verified
  • Fully-equipped private hospital
  • Founded in 2006
  • World-class medical treatment
  • Received the ISO 9001
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Ersoy Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
Ersoy Hospital Verified
  • Give service in 3 diffrent locations
  • Founded in 1989
  • Has ISO 9001:2008
  • Latest surgical techniques
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Medical Park Izmir Hospital
İzmir, Turkey
Medical Park Izmir Hospital Verified
  • JCI accredited
  • Offers services in 46 branches
  • Consists of 46,000 m2
  • 301 total bed capacity
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If the patient is suffering from cancer, heart, kidney or lung problems, peripheral vascular disease, clotting or infectious diseases, muscle weakness and obesity, it is not ideal for performing total knee replacement surgery.


How many days should I travel/stay abroad to do the treatment?

5 to 7 days


How many days should I travel/stay abroad to do the treatment?

5 to 7 days


Before the operation, the patient should stop taking any immunosuppressive drugs and aspirin for around 2 weeks. Also, the complications of the surgery might be increased due to smoking. Therefore, it is advised to quit smoking for 2 weeks before the operation. Additionally, all sorts of drugs and alcohol should be avoided before the surgery as well.


During the total knee replacement operation, firstly general anesthesia is administered then surgeons make an incision on the knee. In order to see the incision site clearly, the patient’s knee is positioned in a 90-degree angle.Any damaged cartilage structures are removed from the patient’s knee at this point – the bone is also reshaped for the new prosthesis. The total knee replacement is then attached to the femur and tibia. The patella is also attached, and the incision is closed with sutures – the total knee replacement recovery period can begin.


After the surgery, patients stay at the hospital for around 5-7 days. However, the total recovery period from the total knee surgery is around 6 weeks. A couple of days after the surgery patient will be able to sit and walk.


Even though total knee replacement surgery complications are rare (affects 1% of the patients union there are several complications that involve scarring, lowered knee mobility caused by scar tissue, misaligned or loose prosthetic components, infections, complications related to anesthesia and excessive bleeding.


Side effects of the total knee replacement involve nausea, bleeding, bruising, pain in the knees area, dizziness, and headaches.


The success rate of total knee replacement operation is regularly around 95%. Also, 80%  of the prosthetics, do not necessitate any revision for more than 20 years.


After the total knee replacement, more than 90% of the patients state that they experienced pain relief, but it should be noted that physical therapy is crucial in order to gain full mobility. Physical therapy sessions are necessitated for at least a couple of months.


Are there any alternatives to total knee replacement surgery? 
Yes, there are alternative treatments such as partial knee replacement surgery, but the suitability is depended on the patient’s medical condition.

When can I start doing sports again?
Patients can enjoy low impact activities such as swimming and golfing in a couple of months after the procedure. After the operation, activities which cause strong pressure on the knees should be avoided, such as basketball, tennis, jogging, etc.

When can I return to work? 
After the total knee replacement surgery between 2 to 4 weeks, most of the patients return to their daily routine but still, patients should avoid physically challenging activities for several months.


This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.