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Liver Transplant in Turkey

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Liver transplant surgery, also known as hepatic transplantation is a procedure in which a patient’s liver is replaced with all or some of a donor’s healthy liver. Orthotopic liver transplantation surgery is one of the most common types of liver transplantation procedures - the new liver is positioned in the same anatomic location as the original, diseased one. In Heterotopic liver transplantation surgery, a part of the new liver is sewn onto a part of the patient’s diseased liver.

The average liver transplant list had patients waiting 232 days on average, for liver transplantation surgery. Living donor liver transplant surgery can be performed by using the liver of a spouse, volunteer, sibling, child, parent or any member of the family.

Liver Transplant Candidates

A liver transplantation procedure is recommended for individuals suffering from end stage liver disease or acute liver failure.

Am I Suitable for Liver Transplant?

Liver transplantation surgery is not recommended for individuals suffering from heart or lung disease, infections such as osteomyelitis or tuberculosis, cancer or other life threatening conditions.

Preparing for Liver Transplant

The patient will need to pass thorough tests before undergoing a liver transplant operation:

● Heart tests
● Blood and urine tests
● Health examinations

How is Liver Transplant Performed?

Liver transplant criteria states that a living donor organ transplant can only be done from relatives up to the fourth degree – this includes the patient’s family members, the patient’s spouse and the patient’s spouse’s family members. In some medical centres volunteers can be donors for liver transplant surgery. Other liver transplant criteria include:

● The donor must be in good health
● Having a compatible blood type
● Age between 18 and 60
● Being of similar size with the recipient

The procedure is done under general anaesthesia. Around 55 to 70% of the right lobe of a living donor is removed and sewn onto the recipients remaining liver. The donor’s liver will start to regenerate straight away, reaching full function in around 4-6 weeks. The transplanted liver will also regain 100% functionality and size, but it will take more time – in some cases liver transplant recovery lasts up to a year. Once the procedure is complete, the recipient will have to spend two days in intensive care and 21 days in a transplant recovery area. The transplant donor will also have to spend around 10 days in hospital. Regular blood tests will be required after the transplant.

Liver Transplant Risks and Complications

Liver transplantation is a relatively risky procedure and complications can and do occur, both for the recipient and donor. Donors face a 0.5 to 1% chance of death during or after the procedure.

Liver transplant complications can include:

● Bleeding
● The formation of blood clots
● Infection
● Donated liver failure
● Donated liver rejection
● Bile duct complications

If the patient thoroughly respects all the liver transplant guidelines and the procedure is done at a trustworthy, modern facility, the chances of these complications occurring are reduced.

Liver Transplant Side Effects

Since special immune system depressant drugs are taken after liver transplantation surgery, patients can suffer from a wide range of side effects, including:

● Vomiting and nausea
● High blood pressure and cholesterol
● Anemia
● Arthritis
● Diabetes
● Tremors
● Diarrhea and others

Liver Transplant Success Rates

The liver transplant survival rate after 5 years is 78% for transplants with a living donor, while the liver transplant life expectancy after 15 years is 58%. The liver transplant success rate also depends on the type of illness the recipient carries, the patient’s age and ability to follow post-op guidelines.

Before and After Liver Transplant

Liver transplantation recipients must take immunosuppressive drugs for the rest of their lives. Smoking and alcohol consumption are strictly prohibited after a liver transplant procedure. Regular cancer tests are required as well, as immunosuppressive drugs increase the chance of cancer developing. The patient will need to have regular checkups after a liver transplantation procedure – first weekly then the checkups can be less often.

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Acibadem Maslak Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2008 - International Organization for Standardization
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Florence Nightingale Istanbul

Istanbul, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TÜV SÜD - Technical Control Unit
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Medical Park Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
10 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Medipol Mega University Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
7 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
3 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International EMBT - European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation ISCT - International Society for Cellular Therapy
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Memorial Antalya Hospital

Antalya, Turkey
9 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
FROM€ 102,794
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Memorial Atasehir Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
14 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Memorial Sisli Hospital

Istanbul, Turkey
26 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
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Memorial Ankara Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
6 reviews
JCI - Joint Commission International ISO 9001:2000 - International Organization for Standardization TTB - Turkish Medical Association
FROM€ 102,794
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Kent Hospital

İzmir, Turkey
JCI - Joint Commission International
Please enquire
Average Ratings:  
88 reviews

Liver Transplant Cost in Turkey

Average Liver Transplant costs in Turkey are € 102,794.

With FlyMedi, you can connect with 10 General Surgery centers in Turkey that are offering Liver Transplant procedures. These General Surgery centers are accredited by international standard-setting bodies including JCI and ISO 9001:2000. Popular Liver Transplant destinations in Turkey include Istanbul, Antalya and Ankara.

Prices listed on this page are the average price for Liver Transplant. Clinics may require more details regarding your medical condition in order to provide you with a personalized Liver Transplant quote. For a more accurate Liver Transplant price quote, please click HERE.


Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.


Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.

Sights to See

Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.

Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.

Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.

Things to Know

● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.

● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.

● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.

● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.

● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.

● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.

● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.

● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.

● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.

● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.

● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.

● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything. 

● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart -  It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.

● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.

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Liver Transplant FAQ

How long does a liver transplant last?

In some cases, transplants have lasted up to 30 years. 58% of patients live another 15 years and 48% of patients can live up to 18 years. In recent years, liver transplant survival rates have improved greatly.

Does a partial liver transplant provide the same results as a full transplant?

Yes, living donor liver transplants provide the same success rate as a regular full size liver transplantation procedure.

How many patients generally suffer from liver transplant rejection?

Liver transplant rejection affects around 15 to 26% of recipients. Immunosuppressive drugs are generally administered to all patients.