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What is Bone Graft Surgery?

A dental bone graft is a procedure in which bone tissue is transplanted into your jaw to provide additional support if your jaw lacks sufficient bone structure. The bone tissue can be taken from the existing bone in your body or elsewhere. There are many bone graft types we will discuss later.

Oral bone graft is sometimes a necessary procedure before dental implants. Especially if the surrounding bone density in your jaw can't support the dental implant posts.

Who Can Have Bone Graft Surgery?

  • You're an ideal candidate for a bone graft dental if you miss teeth and plan to undergo a dental implant
  • You're an ideal candidate for dental bone graft if you suffer from gum disease. 
  • You're an ideal candidate for a dental bone graft if you suffer from bone loss; this is more common among old adults. 

Bone Graft Surgery Treatment Duration

Usually, the bone graft surgery will take 60 - 90 minutes.

Bone Graft Surgery Side Effects & Risks 

Potential side effects include: 

  • Pain and swelling are the most common side effect.
  • Your body rejecting the bone graft 
  • Nerve damage 
  • Blood cloth
  • Anesthesia risks 

Bone Graft Surgery Recovery Time 

After the bone graft surgery, you will have a gauze pack in your mouth around the incision. Your doctor will give you instructions on how to change the dressing after 24 hours. And they will prescribe antibiotics and medication to manage the pain.

To prevent blood from accumulating around the incision, you will need to sleep with your head elevated slightly to the top for the first 2 nights. And during the first few days of recovery, avoid hot liquids, hard solid food, and physical activities that might harm the incision spot.

After the first week, you will experience a mild discomfort and notice improvements. You will need a few months before your jaw feels full recovery and proceed to undergo dental implants.

Bone Graft Surgery Success Rate

Composite bone grafts have a 99.6% survival rate and a 66.06% success rate.

Bone Graft Surgery Alternative Treatments

  • A single prosthetic tooth
  • A full arch prosthesis

How Does Bone Graft Surgery Work?

There are several ways dental bone grafting can be done, but the basic procedure is the same, the dentist will make an incision in the jaw and grafts (attach) other bone material to the jaw.

A dental bone graft is usually done if someone has lost one or more adult teeth or has gum disease. Both of these conditions can cause bone loss in the jaw.

The preferred approach for dental bone grafting is to use your own bone from the hip, tibia, or back of the jaw. This is known as an autograft. 

Autografts are usually the standard since they increase bone support in the jaw and promote faster healing and new bone formation.

Types of Bone Grafts in Orthopedic Surgery 

There are four common sources of bone grafts in dental procedures:

  • Autograft, the surgeon will use bone harvested from your body, such as hips, tibia, or jaw
  • Allograft, the surgeon will use bone harvested from a different person, usually a cadaver.
  • Xenograft, the surgeon will use bone harvested from animals, such as cows, pigs, or coral
  • Alloplastic, the surgeon will use bone gathered from synthetic material, such as calcium phosphate. 

What Does Bone Graft Surgery Involve? 

We will plan and arrange the procedure to suit your personal preferences and match you with the best dentist available in Turkey. There are a few primary steps involved in this procedure:

Here are the primary stages of the surgery:

  1. Online Consultation 

You will have an online consultation with your dentist. At this stage, our specialist will try to know if you're a suitable candidate for the procedure.

Your health history, allergies, medications you use, your ideas about the process, and your expectations from treatment are the most important data to determine the most appropriate treatment for you at this stage.

  1. The Procedure 

You'll receive anesthesia before the procedure, and your vital signs will be monitored. Your surgeon will incise the gum to separate it from the bone where the graft is placed. The dental technician will clean the affected area.

The surgeon will place the bone material between two sections of bone that need to grow together. The bone graft is secured with a dissolvable adhesive material or membrane or with special screws. The incision is then sewn up to begin healing.

What Should I Expect After Bone Graft Surgery?

  • It is common to experience discomfort, swelling, bruising, and minor bleeding after the surgery. 
  • You will be on soft diet food until the incision area is healed. 
  • Your doctor will give instructions on how to change the dressing in your mouth after the first 24 hours. 
  • You will need to apply ice packs to reduce the swelling 
  • Avoid hot liquids, hard foods, and crunchy food during the initial recovery period. 
  • After a week, you will experience improvements. But expect full recovery months after the surgery. 
  • After full recovery, your jaw will be strong enough to receive dental implants. 

Things You Should Consider Before Bone Graft Surgery

  • A week before the procedure, you should stop taking Aspirin and any other medication that causes blood thinning.
  • If you are allergic to any drugs, you should inform your surgeon as soon as possible.
  • Avoid smoking before the surgery.
  • Consuming any alcoholic beverages can affect anesthesia. So it would be best if you did not take in anything alcoholic before surgery.
  • Follow your doctor-prescribed medication that adjusts your current medicines. 


How to speed up bone graft healing?

You need to maintain oral hygiene, use a standard toothbrush and avoid electrical brushes as they may hurt the treated area. Use mouthwash or saltwater to prevent any bacterial buildup. Stay hydrated, eat well, and most importantly, follow your doctor's instructions.

What can I eat after bone graft surgery?

Your doctor will instruct you to follow a specific eating diet after the bone graft surgery. You will be eating a soft diet; you will eat foods like soup, puree, and smoothies until your doctor allows you to eat solid food.

Is Bone Graft Surgery abroad affordable?

Yes, the procedure will be more affordable abroad and cost less in popular medical tourism locations like Turkey. But some factors affect the bone graft surgery cost, like the clinic's location, the surgeon's experience, and the technique used. 

Learn more about Bone Graft in Turkey by comparing costs and reviewing the clinics and doctors.

Overall Satisfaction star star 9.8 Based on 10 reviews
  • Staff: star star
  • Location: star star
  • Facilities: star star
  • Value: star star
  • Verified Verified Review
    Hans, Germany
    star star Apr 2023
    I'm extremely pleased with the procedure. The dentist did a fantastic job; my chewing has improved and the missing tooth is no longer noticeable. A job well done!
  • Verified Verified Review
    Joshua, Germany
    star star Oct 2022
    Flymedi is really great company. Had a nice experience planning my dental procedure! The dental team in dentavivo clinic was excellent
  • Verified Verified Review
    Eduardo, Spain
    star star Oct 2022
    I'm thrilled with the results and like my teeth' new look. The clinic was clean and fresh, and the staff were skilled. 10/10
  • Verified Verified Review
    Kholoud Abdulmajid, Sweden
    star star Aug 2021
    It was a bit chaotic for me because there were a lot of things to fix for my trip but thanks to this amazing clinic, they fixed everything for me and not to mention the treatment itself! Pure greatness!
  • Verified Verified Review
    Dean, Germany
    star star Aug 2021
    I had a wonderful experience booking my dental work with Flymedi. I needed a fair amount of work done and was required to visit twice but luckily the clinic was so hygienic and professional that it was a no-brainer to return. The dentist was great, he explained the procedure very clearly and I knew exactly what was going to happen in each session. The procedure itself was totally painless which was a first for me having had bad experiences with dentists in the past so that was really encouraging. I would highly recommend Flymedi's services as they exceeded my expectations (:
  • Verified Verified Review
    د.عبدالرحمن الشريف, Ukraine
    star star Jun 2021
    Yana was an excellent coordinator together with Dr. Gabbar they we taking care for small details from beginning before we arrived and once we arrived we feel like we are at our second home My wife has long problems with her teeth and she feel the difference her with excellent service provided for her with minimal pain and her advice to any ones looking for best center in Ukraine for dental only one option ADONIS is your choice We are all happy as a family to be her in Ukraine and be experienced excellent service from all member in ADONIS THANKS To All ADONIS Dental Member
  • Verified Verified Review
    George Bileci Malta, Turkey
    star star Nov 2020
    A very positive outcome, following my decision to pursue in having dental cosmetic surgery/treatment carried out in Turkey. Excellent advisory skills by Flymedi rep Abud. He was professional, well informed, and followed me up with total attention throughout the whole process. Last but not least, I thank Dr Ahmed Kumsan and his team at Infinity Smiles Dental Clinic for their commitment and professionalism. Highly recommended.
  • Verified Verified Review
    Alexander Sullivan, United Kingdom
    star star Nov 2020
    I was considering several different options, however Abud was by far the most committed and helpful of all the agents I'd been in discussions with. Everything was organised for me and I was guided throughout and if I was feeling apprehensive about anything or had any questions Abud was always on hand to answer my questions and give reassurances. I'm so happy with the results of my operation and I was left overwhelmed by how friendly and supportive everyone was throughout. If you're considering using flymedi then I can honestly say you'll be delighted with the service both before during and after your surgery.
  • Verified Verified Review
    jetty coster, Turkey
    star star Aug 2019
    Nice practice good treatment and service.
  • Verified Verified Review
    Tahir, Turkmenistan
    star star Apr 2018
    Thank you very much to Flymedi, to Ms. Diana Vinogradova - our coordinator, for the excellent, fantastic service organized. It was a pleasure to come to Istanbul several time and have medical treatments.I have no problems and headache during my visits. All procedures, starting from the meeting at the airport and up to my departure were well planned and organized on the high professional base.Let me recommend to all - if you decided to have a medical treatment in Turkey or you need professional med. consultation with regard to this, do not hesitate to apply and contact with Flymedi!!!
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