CyberKnife is a robotic radiosurgery system which is presently
Turkey is a treasure trove of traditions, spices, street food delights and destinations for any intrepid tourist. It’s a mix between the familiar and the exotic, ranging from the bustling streets of Istanbul to the serene and relaxed Roman ruins spread around Turkey’s Western and Southern coast. Turkey is a fairly large country with 75 million inhabitants. The country spreads between Europe and Asia, with 97% of the country on the Asian side – Asian Turkey. Turkey is encircled and enjoys access to three different seas: The Black Sea, The Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the largest city in Europe, regarding population – It has over 14 million people.
Turkey’s medical infrastructure has improved greatly beginning with the early 2000s and now is one of the biggest medical tourism hubs in Europe and Asia. Turkey has the largest number of JCI-accredited hospitals, second only to the USA and hospitals are more often than not part of international healthcare groups, following strict European protocols and regulations. Turkey has 28.000 medical institutions spread across the European and Asian side but some of the biggest private hospitals and medical centres are in Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya and Bodrum – these also happen to be some of the best tourist destinations in Turkey.
Bodrum is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Turkey, with its sandy beaches and small streets littered with traditional shops and elegant restaurants. The town used to be called Halicarnassus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the World’s Seven Ancient Wonders. Bodrum also features a castle built by the crusaders in the 15th century.
Istanbul is the home of several architectural treasures, including the Blue Mosque. The Blue Mosque was built on the orders of Sultan Ahmed between 1609 and 1616 and the Sultan’s body still resides within the mosque. The high ceiling is lined with more than 20000 handmade ceramic tiles, hence the name – The Blue Mosque.
Pamukkale, meaning “The Cotton Castle” in Turkish is a surreal destination in the country’s western region of Denizli, world renowned for its white terraces with warm spring water. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built over the springs and Pamukkale was a renowned destination in antiquity as well. Tourists can visit the ancient Roman and Greek ruins of the baths, temples and theatres dating to the second century BC.
● If you don’t feel like waiting in a queue, you can get a VISA for Turkey online. The VISA usually costs around $20 for US travellers.
● Turkey’s population is predominantly Islamic so it’s a good idea to wear a headscarf while visiting mosques. Shorts or any other garments that fit under the knee are not prohibited by law but it’s considered good etiquette not to wear shorts for men or short skirts for women.
● You can change any sort of currency into the Turkish Lira – the Turkish currency just about everywhere. Most supermarkets and shops also accept credit cards.
● Roaming fees in Turkey can be somewhat expensive, so it’s a good idea to simply buy a new Turkish SIM card and use it while staying in Turkey.
● Turkey’s international calling code is +90.
● Electrical installations usually operate on 220 volts, 50 Hz and use European style plugs and European style sockets. Four and Five star hotels usually provide North American - 120 volts, 60 Hz sockets as well.
● Driving in Turkey can be a hassle sometimes, but very pleasurable at other times. Roads are usually in good shape and some roads actually lack traffic, so it can be a relaxing experience. In Turkey, people drive on the right, so that’s a detail you will need to keep in mind. In some areas, villagers made cardboard and marker pen signs in order to help lost tourist on their way.
● Renting a car in Turkey is quite simple and cheap. If you have the budget for a full insurance, you should definitely take it – if anything happens, at least you won’t have to worry about money.
● The Turkish Airlines Company, THY offers destinations to just about anywhere in the world with a total of 261 destinations. The company was founded in 1933 and features 285 passenger and cargo planes.
● Turkey uses the metric system which is easy enough to understand – 1 Km = 1000 meters, 1 Kg = 1000 grams, and so on. One mile equals 1.60 Km.
● Turkish people are warm and very hospitable - It is customary for people to hug and kiss both cheeks regardless of their gender.
● Turkish street food is very diverse, from the simple bagel-type snack Simit to the familiar pizza-type Lahmacun, there are tons of variants to just about anything.
● Turkish coffee is world renowned, but it’s also a bit different than say, its American counterpart - It is usually a strong coffee with a rich aroma, served very hot from a small traditional cup. Be careful not to drink any of the coffee grounds still in the cup.
● Turkish delight, as the name suggests, can be a really sweet delight for tourists. It is made from sugar, starch and just about any fruit or aroma imaginable, including walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, dates, lemon, orange, rosewater and many others. Turkish delight is usually served with coffee and it became popular all around the world, including in the Balkans region and as far as Brazil and North America.
CyberKnife is a robotic radiosurgery system which is presently utilized to cure malignant tumors, benign tumors, and some other medical conditions. After its development in the early 90’s, it is constantly improving.
The Cyberknife system gives chance to deliver radiotherapy to particular places of the body with better precision in comparison to standard radiotherapy. The Cyberknife system is consist of two chief components which distinguish it from traditional radiotherapy systems:
● A linear particle accelerator – a very precise beam of radiation is produced by this component
● A robotic arm – the robotic arm directs the cyber knife radiation to any part of the patient’s body from any direction
The formerly unapproachable places now can be treated by oncologists with these components. Cyberknife treatment is particularly useful for patients that cannot advantage from traditional radiation therapy, cancer surgery or chemotherapy.
A usual cyberknife treatment is made up of one to five radiation sessions. Each cyberknife treatment provides about 150 beams of radiation to the cancerous place. The Cyberknife system trails the tumor inside the patient’s body in the course of which the beams are provided, guaranteeing great accuracy with little or no damage to nearby healthy tissue. Cyberknife treatment has almost no side effects and the technique doesn’t necessitate any anesthesia or incision – it’s easy, highly efficient and doesn’t need any recovery time.
Cyberknife treatment is suggested for patients in distress from cancerous or non-cancerous tumors in some parts of the body, such as:
Cyberknife treatment can be used alone or in conjunction with chemotherapy, relying upon the size and place of tumor. The system is specifically suggested for patients in distress from inoperable tumors or brain tumors.
Cyberknife treatment is not suggested for patients experiencing one or more of the below:
● Spinal instability
● Neurological deficit caused by pressure from bone structures
● Former high dose radiotherapy
● Metastatic cancer
Patients have to get numerous tests so as to find the size, location and shape of the tumor. CT scans, MRIs or angiographies may be carried out. All data collected in these tests is used in the Cyberknife system and the treatment plan will be prepared accordingly. The treatment plan contains the targeted places and the radiation dose needed to cure the tumor.
The patient will be requested to sit comfortably on a treatment table. Anesthesia will not be given since the method is painless. Patients will sit in a plastic mold that will keep their position between 40 and 90 minutes – meanwhile the Cyberknife system will send radiation beams into the patient’s tumor. Real-time images are captured throughout the procedure, so as to confirm that the tumor is still or to make corrections. Majority of the patients need between one and five sessions for cyberknife treatment.
40 to 90 minutes
Patients may turn back to home right after the cyberknife treatment. No recovery time is needed for this method and majority of patients turn back to their usual activities on the very same day.
Risks and complications of cyberknife treatment rely upon the treated place. Fatigue and weight loss can be expected after cyberknife treatment.
Side effects of cyberknife are uncommon but they can appear. These side effects can appear after the treatment is finished or throughout the treatment session. It should be noted that side effects rely heavily upon the treated place.
Common side effects of cyberknife treatment comprise:
A study of 160 patients experiencing advanced high-risk tumors showed a 73.13% average success rate for cyberknife treatment: for 18 patients the tumors disappeared, for 99 the tumors shrunk considerably, 35 were unchanged and 8 were enlarged.
As soon as the cyberknife treatment is finished, patients can continue their normal activities however, follow-up tests will be required for few months so as to observe the treatment response of the tumor.
– How is cyberknife treatment different from traditional radiation therapy?
Traditional radiation therapy can affect surrounding healthy tissue and it can also lead to complications such as cancer.
– Cyberknife vs Gamma Knife – What is the difference?
Gamma knife is used specifically to treat tumors of the neck, head, and brain, whereas Cyberknife treatment can be used for other parts of the body as well.
– Is Cyberknife treatment painful?
It’s not painful at all and you may resume your activities immediately
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.