Gynecomastia, also known as “man boobs” is a very common disorder that affects up to 70% of adolescents, but also older males. Gynecomastia
Antalya, also called the Turkish Riviera is a tourism hub located in the South of Turkey. Antalya is also Turkey’s largest city on the Mediterranean with over 1 million people. The city features 13 public hospitals and 15 private hospitals, one of them accredited by Joint Commission International. The area recently became a world tourism hub, having received 12.5 million tourists in 2014 alone.
Antalya’s Old Town, also called Kaleici offers narrow streets, Ottoman style boutique hotels, traditional bars and restaurants and historic wooden houses, representative of the region. Kaleici is a great place to unwind and observe the particularities of the Ottoman architectural style mixed with ancient remnants of the Romans and Greeks. Some interesting sites include the Clock Tower, the Hadrian Gate, Seyh Sinan Efendi Mosque, the Musellim Mosque, the Hıdırlık Tower, the Karatay Medresesi and the Yivli Minaret.
The Old Harbour is two millennia old. The Romans took advantage of the harbour’s strategic position and strengthened its fortifications, turning it into a major port of Asia Minor. Nowadays the Old Harbour is surrounded with cafes and restaurants and instead of cargo ships, one can find delightful private yachts that can take visitors on fishing trips or trips around the coast. The Harbor is usually bustling with activity from local fishermen, tourists and yacht enthusiasts.
Aspendos is an ancient city located only 40 km from Antalya. The city used to be a great trading hub on the Mediterranean. Aspendos is home to one of the most well preserved Roman amphitheatre in the world. Other points of interest include the Aqueduct of Aspendos, the agora, the basilica and the nymphaeum.
The settlement has its name derived from the Olympos Mountain, which is around 10 km north of the city. Olympos is a place of natural beauty combined with a fascinating archaeological site. The city is also a popular area for tourists, with quite a few guest houses and small hotels in the area.
Hadrian’s Gate or Üçkapılar in Turkish is located close to Antalya’s Old town. The monument was built to honour Roman Emperor Hadrian, who visited the city in 130. Hadrian’s Gate features three arched gates and decorative marble columns.
Antalya also features quite a few modern shopping malls such as the Deepo Outlet Centre, Özdilek, 5M Migros and Terracity.
● Just as with any Mediterranean destination, winters in Antalya are quite warm and rainy and summers are hot.
● Antalya has its own airport called Antalya Airport (IATA: AYT) which is just 10 km from the city. Here you can find very affordable flights to and from Istanbul – around 50 USD per flight.
● The Tünektepe hill has a height of 2009 feet or 618 meters and it offers a stunning view of Antalya from its rotating restaurant.
● Antalya has its own historic tramway which was donated by the city of Nuremberg, Germany. The tramway connects the city centre to the Antalya Museum and Konyaalti Beach and fares are very affordable. The tram is an excellent option for sightseeing enthusiasts as it passes through the most alluring places in Antalya.
Gynecomastia, also known as “man boobs” is a very common disorder that affects up to 70% of adolescents, but also older males. Gynecomastia causes can include hormonal changes, certain types of medications, drugs and certain health conditions. Hormonal changes can lead to breast development in men, especially during puberty. The increase in bust usually passes on its own in six months to two years. Older males can also experience gynecomastia, mostly due to a decrease in testosterone production caused by the natural aging process. Around 1 in 4 men, aged between 50 and 80 will suffer from gynecomastia at some point in their lives. Certain medications such as drugs used to treat prostate cancer, diazepam, valium, AIDS medications, antibiotics, and antidepressants can also cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is also linked with the consumption of alcohol and certain types of drugs such as marijuana, amphetamines and heroin.
Around 75% of gynecomastia cases pass by themselves within 2 years, without the need for any type of treatment. Gynecomastia without surgery is not an option if the condition lasts for more than two years, as medications will be ineffective. In most cases, gynecomastia exercises have little or no effect, so the only option is the surgery.
Some of the most popular surgical techniques used for gynecomastia treatment include:
● Subcutaneous mastectomy, also known as gynecomastia surgery
● Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
● Laser assisted mastectomy
● Laser-lipolysis without liposuction
Gynecomastia removal is recommended for individuals with a growing bust, either due to fatty tissue or enlarged breast tissue.
Overweight patients or patients with serious health conditions may not be suitable for gynecomastia surgery.
The patient should stop taking any blood thinners such as aspirin at least 2 weeks before the gynecomastia surgery.
Gynecomastia symptoms may look the same, but the causes are different. There are two main gynecomastia treatment options. If the patient suffers from gynecomastia from a simple build up of fatty tissue in the bust area, a liposuction procedure is a viable gynecomastia treatment. If the patient suffers from enlarged breast tissue, an intraareolar semilunar incision is required, sometimes combined with a liposuction procedure. In both cases the procedure is done under local anaesthesia, making it practically painless.
Local or General anesthetic
Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital
1 to 2 hours
3 to 4 days
The Gynecomastia surgery recovery period lasts around 3-4 weeks but the patient may return to work and normal activities in around 3-4 days. The gynecomastia recovery period requires wearing a special type of corset for two weeks – the corset speeds up the healing process and also reduces the chance of complications such as edema.
Gynecomastia surgery, just like any type of plastic surgery has a few risks that need to be taken into consideration:
● Breast asymmetry
Gynecomastia surgery side effects can include bruising, discomfort, slight pain which can be soothed with painkillers, scarring, bleeding and a temporary loss of sensitivity in the nipple.
A gynecomastia surgery survey based on 126 gynecomastia patient reviews sets the patient satisfaction rate at 82%, one year after the surgery was performed. Recurrence rates are between 15 and 35% for cases treated with liposuction and just short of 10% for cases treated with excision.
Gynecomastia before and after pictures might look appealing, but the doctor’s instructions need to be followed thoroughly for the gynecomastia removal surgery to be a success.