Oncology is one of the subjects of medicine, that is concerned with
Romania or The Republic of Romania is located in Southeastern Europe. Romania borders the Black Sea, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary and Moldova. Bucharest is the capital of Romania and the sixth largest city in the European Union. Romania offers both natural beauty and a rich cultural heritage. Visitors can enjoy wide unspoiled countryside areas, historic cities and mountain landscapes. In the last 10 years, Romania experienced significant development in virtually all fields, including economy, culture and healthcare.
Romania continuously improved its medical infrastructure in the last years. Many private hospitals and medical centres were also opened recently by international health groups. Romanian physicians and medical staff in general have extensive experience in the field. In recent years, Romania became a favourite destination for international patients. Dental clinics offer excellent quality at very affordable prices – international patients can save up to 85% for dental work in Romania. Every year, around 250.000 international patients visit Romania for medical reasons – most of the patients come from Germany, Italy, Israel and the United Kingdom. This figure is expected to double in the next years. Medical clinics from Transylvania and Bucharest are the most popular destinations in Romania.
Peles Castle is a Neo-Renaissance castle located deep in the Carpathian Mountains, near Sinaia. It was built and expanded between 1873 and 1914.
Bran Castle, near Brasov is one of Romania’s most popular landmarks. The fortress is commonly known as “Dracula’s Castle”.
The Danube Delta is the second largest river delta in Europe. It’s also the best preserved river delta on the continent. This is an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania. The city became an European Capital of Culture in 2007, along with Luxembourg. Forbes ranked Sibiu as Europe’s 8th most idyllic place to live.
The Turda Salt Mine is located close to the city of Cluj. Business Insider ranked the salt mine as “the most beautiful underground place in the world”. The Turda Salt Mine is also ranked as the 22th most spectacular tourist destinations in the world.
The Merry Cemetery from Maramures is famous for its colourful tombstones ornate with paintings and poems. This is the only merry cemetery in the world.
● Romania has both temperate and continental climate. Summers are hot with rare rainfall and winters can be quite cold with ample amounts of precipitations.
● Romania’s main airport is the Henri Coanda (Otopeni) Airport. This is the largest and busiest airport in Romania, with direct flights to all major cities in Europe and a few Middle Eastern capitals. Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Sibiu and Bacau also have airports with direct flights to European countries.
● The official language in Romania is Romanian, a Romance Language. English, German, Hungarian and French are also common.
● Romania uses the Leu (RON) as currency. Although it’s more affordable than destinations in Western Europe, Romania is not a cheap destination. Transport, food and drink are generally quite affordable while rent can be a bit more expensive, especially in bigger cities.
● Romania uses the 230V, 50Gz electrical system fitted with European style plugs. Four and five star hotels usually provide visitors with adapters for American or British style plugs.
Oncology is one of the subjects of medicine, that is concerned with tumors and cancer treatment. Cancer is the medical condition, in which body cells start to mutate and become risky for the patient’s health or life. There are many kinds of cancer, involving lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, liver cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and soft tissue cancers such as various sarcomas.
The history of oncology is very brief in its modern form, but people have been observing tumors and cancer for thousands of years. They only described the kinds that can be seen from outside. The term “oncology” comes from Galen, who used the Greek word ‘oncos’ (swelling) to describe tumors of all kind and ‘cancer’ (crab) for their malignant forms. Up until the 19th century, people used Greek and Roman cancer treatments, they were mainly based on “humors” which had almost no effect. The reason for that is the fact they lacked knowledge of cells. The advent of microscope uses in medicine, as well as the discovery of radiation by Marie Curie-Skłodowska, had an important contribution to the development of oncology and cancer treatments.
Oncology involves different types of treatment methods. Oncology operation is performed only when there is a chance for the removal of cancer. So, the surgery is generally performed in the early stages of cancer when cancer has not spread to other parts of the patient’s body via metastasis. However, in later stages, the doctor performs chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy treatment involves the use of strong drugs during the treatment. These drugs used in the treatment kill cancer cells, but they can cause collateral damage in the patient’s body as well. During radiation therapy, radiation is used by doctors for effective cancer treatment. Radiation may be emitted by a machine (external radiation therapy) or injected/swallowed (internal radiation therapy). However, these treatment techniques are not all the alternatives for oncology treatment. Apart from these treatment techniques, there are novel, experimental therapies as well such as gene therapies, targeted therapies, etc. which bring even a brighter future for cancer patients.
It is thought that only the elder patients suffer from cancer, but the truth is seemingly healthy young people might have a tumor or suffer from early stages of cancer as well. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to all cancer symptoms. Specifically, skin cancers such as melanomas or soft tissue cancers are usually noticeable with time, allowing for rather quick identification and successful cancer treatment.
Because of the growth of medical tourism, many patients choose to get their treatment abroad. In some countries, more advanced therapies are not refunded, and the patients want to pay themselves to get the best treatment for cancer. It is popular among patients from Western Europe and the US to get treatment in India, where the costs of cancer treatment are low and cheaper. However, closer to Europe there are other health tourism destinations that offer comparable cancer care for a similar price. The cost of chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be very expensive in some of the most popular oncology institutions in the world, such as USA, Australia, and the UK, the patients choose to go to other alternative medical tourism destinations where the costs of treatments are more affordable. For instance, the cost of chemotherapy is very cheap in Turkey and India. For example, Turkey attracts patients with its top-end clinics and doctors. Also, India has welcomed so many international patients in recent years.
Most Common Cancer Treatments Abroad
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.