Poland or the Republic of Poland is located in Central Europe. It neighbours Germany, The Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and Lithuania.
Poland’s countryside is traditional and unspoiled. Tourists can visit museums, churches, rural centres, castles and traditional Polish workshops. Since Poland joined the European Union there was an influx of international travellers coming into the country and discovering its rich cultural, natural and gastronomic heritage. Travellers can indulge in history, architecture, different types of food and nature.
Poland has a reliable state-funded healthcare system. Generally, doctors in Poland are extremely well trained. Soon after Poland entered the European Union, the private healthcare sector thrived and more private clinics and hospitals were opened.
Poland also has plenty of medical universities and university hospitals: The Medical University of Bialystok, The Medical University of Warsaw, The Medical University of Poznan and many others.
Many tourists visit Poland solely for medical care, with dental care and plastic surgery being the preferred choice. Most patients come from the Scandinavian countries, Germany and Belarus but patients from the United Kingdom and United States are also quite common.
Some of the most important cities in Poland are:
Warsaw – The capital of Poland and a thriving business centre
Gdansk – Formerly known as Danzig
Cracow – The Cultural Capital of Poland
Poznan – It is considered to be the birthplace of the Polish nation
Sights to See
Cracow is the Cultural Capital of Poland. It’s also Poland’s historical capital in the middle ages. The old town of Cracow is filled with monuments, churches and traditional Polish buildings. Cracow is also the home to Europe’s largest medieval market place. Cracow’s old town is an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Bialowieza National Park is an UNESCO World Heritage Site – it’s a huge area of woodland on the border with Belarus.
Malbork Castle is the biggest red brick Gothic castle in Europe. This is also an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Slowinski National Park is the home to the biggest dunes in Europe. It’s also very close to the Baltic Sea so a trip is well worth it.
The Wieliczka Salt Mine is the oldest enterprise in the world and one of the most beautiful places in Poland. The salt mine has been operational since the 13th century and it has its own Church built entirely out of salt. The salt statues built by the miners themselves are also worth seeing.
Things to Know
● Poland has a temperate climate mostly. Summers are generally quite warm and delightful while winters are rather cold. Polish winters are generally dry and precipitations are a bit rarer than in the summer months.
● Poland’s main airport is Warsaw International Airport (WAW). Tourists can find direct flights to almost any European capital. Intercontinental flights to the US or China are also quite common.
● The official language in Poland is Polish but English, German and French are also popular languages, especially among younger individuals.
● Poland uses the Zloty (PLN) as currency. One Euro is roughly 4.2 PLNs. Tourists are advised not to use the currency exchanges in airports or hotels.
● Poland uses the 230V, 50Hz electrical system fitted with European style plugs but it’s not uncommon to find adapters for British or American style plugs.
Gynecomastia, also known as “man boobs” is a very common disorder that affects up to 70% of adolescents, but also older males. Gynecomastia causes can include hormonal changes, certain types of medications, drugs and certain health conditions. Hormonal changes can lead to breast development in men, especially during puberty. The increase in bust usually passes on its own in six months to two years. Older males can also experience gynecomastia, mostly due to a decrease in testosterone production caused by the natural aging process. Around 1 in 4 men, aged between 50 and 80 will suffer from gynecomastia at some point in their lives. Certain medications such as drugs used to treat prostate cancer, diazepam, valium, AIDS medications, antibiotics, and antidepressants can also cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is also linked with the consumption of alcohol and certain types of drugs such as marijuana, amphetamines and heroin.
Around 75% of gynecomastia cases pass by themselves within 2 years, without the need for any type of treatment. Gynecomastia without surgery is not an option if the condition lasts for more than two years, as medications will be ineffective. In most cases, gynecomastia exercises have little or no effect, so the only option is the surgery.
Some of the most popular surgical techniques used for gynecomastia treatment include:
● Subcutaneous mastectomy, also known as gynecomastia surgery
● Liposuction-assisted mastectomy
● Laser assisted mastectomy
● Laser-lipolysis without liposuction
Gynecomastia removal is recommended for individuals with a growing bust, either due to fatty tissue or enlarged breast tissue.
Am I Suitable for Gynecomastia?
Overweight patients or patients with serious health conditions may not be suitable for gynecomastia surgery.
Preparing for Gynecomastia
The patient should stop taking any blood thinners such as aspirin at least 2 weeks before the gynecomastia surgery.
How is Gynecomastia Performed?
Gynecomastia symptoms may look the same, but the causes are different. There are two main gynecomastia treatment options. If the patient suffers from gynecomastia from a simple build up of fatty tissue in the bust area, a liposuction procedure is a viable gynecomastia treatment. If the patient suffers from enlarged breast tissue, an intraareolar semilunar incision is required, sometimes combined with a liposuction procedure. In both cases the procedure is done under local anaesthesia, making it practically painless.
Local or General anesthetic
Patient is required to stay 1 night in the hospital
Duration of Operation
1 to 2 hours
Back to Work
3 to 4 days
The Gynecomastia surgery recovery period lasts around 3-4 weeks but the patient may return to work and normal activities in around 3-4 days. The gynecomastia recovery period requires wearing a special type of corset for two weeks – the corset speeds up the healing process and also reduces the chance of complications such as edema.
Gynecomastia Risks and Complications
Gynecomastia surgery, just like any type of plastic surgery has a few risks that need to be taken into consideration:
● Breast asymmetry
Gynecomastia Side Effects
Gynecomastia surgery side effects can include bruising, discomfort, slight pain which can be soothed with painkillers, scarring, bleeding and a temporary loss of sensitivity in the nipple.
Gynecomastia Success Rates
A gynecomastia surgery survey based on 126 gynecomastia patient reviews sets the patient satisfaction rate at 82%, one year after the surgery was performed. Recurrence rates are between 15 and 35% for cases treated with liposuction and just short of 10% for cases treated with excision.
Before and After Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia before and after pictures might look appealing, but the doctor’s instructions need to be followed thoroughly for the gynecomastia removal surgery to be a success.