To determine the suitability to take bone cancer treatment, stages of bone cancer is essential. In early stages, all methods, even the osteosarcoma surgery, are obtainable, whereas in late stages, bone cancer surgery is generally not possible or effective.
A detailed assessment about the medical history and medicines is the beginning of the preparations for osteosarcoma treatment. In this way, specialists will arrange the bone cancer treatment to the health of the patient and exclude the medicines which can disturb it.
Regarding radiation therapy and chemotherapy, you may better visit planned medical treatments beforehand, as it may be not possible for a while after these treatments.
Osteosarcoma treatment may be in diverse ways relying upon the stages of bone cancer and the patient's general condition. The classical components of osteosarcoma treatment are:
• Chemotherapy – it may be administered before and after the osteosarcoma surgery or paired with radiation therapy. In chemotherapy, strong drugs are used in order to kill bone cancer. It may be received as a pill or an injection.
• Radiation Therapy – radiation therapy is used in a way similar to chemotherapy but rather than drugs, it uses radiation to kill bone cancer cells. It may be received as external radiation therapy (with a machine generating radiation) or internal radiation therapy (a pill).
• Bone Cancer Surgery – specialists try to eliminate the entire bone cancer-affected tissues. Occasionally it is used in later stages as well, so as to decelerate the development of osteosarcoma.
The recovery from osteosarcoma treatment will be a long period. On the other hand, it generally relies upon the extent and doses of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and bone cancer surgery.
The recovery period may last weeks (bone cancer surgery) or even months or years (chemotherapy and radiation therapy). Chemotherapy and radiation therapy gives rise to several side effects which should (but not always do) diminish in time. In osteosarcoma surgery, an implant may be needed to compensate for removed parts of bones.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy as osteosarcoma treatment may cause damage to lungs and other vital organs, internal bleeding and other complications. As for bone cancer surgery, it entails the risk of damage to blood vessels and nerves, and infection. In rare cases, amputation will become a necessity throughout osteosarcoma surgery due to the spread metastatic bone cancer.
The popular side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy are nausea, memory and concentration difficulties, neurological issues and general feeling of being tired.
Osteosarcoma surgery may cause lesser capability to use the operated limb, whether a hand or a leg.
Survival rate of osteosarcoma relies upon stages of bone cancer, but even for advanced cancer which didn’t spread to other organs, the survival rate of bone cancer is seem to be as high as 70%. For early-stage bone cancer patients, this percentage may be even higher, while metastatic bone cancer patients have less advantage to completely recover from it.
What Is Osteosarcoma?
Osteosarcoma is a bone cancer especially common among growing up youths. Bone pain belonging to signs of bone cancer is often confused with bone pain experienced by many young people in their adolescence.
What Are the Types of Osteosarcoma Treatment?
Osteosarcoma treatment may take the form of chemotherapy treatment, radiation therapy, or bone cancer surgery. The particular choice depends on the patient’s health and bone cancer stages.
How High Is the Osteosarcoma Survival Rate?
Osteosarcoma bone cancer survival rate is thought to be 70% for patients in late bone cancer stages whose cancer didn’t spread to other organs.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in October, 2019.