Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer developing in the pancreas, a large gland connected to the digestive system. Due to the lack of clear signs of pancreatic cancer throughout first stages, it is one of the most difficult cancer types when it comes to effective treatment. There are two types of cancer which can develop in one’s pancreas:
• Exocrine pancreatic cancer – concerning patient’s exocrine gland. This type usually attacks ducts located in pancreas or cells producing pancreatic enzymes.
• Endocrine pancreatic cancer – it starts in hormone-producing cells in the pancreas and is much less common.
Pancreatic cancer treatment may take many forms depending on its stage and the patient’s condition, including chemotherapy treatment, radiation therapy, cancer surgery and targeted therapy.
Pancreatic cancer symptoms are initially hard to catch. They become distinguishable only in the later stages of pancreatic cancer when it is often too late to completely treat it. The early signs, easily confused with other medical conditions, include:
• Weight loss higher than expected
• The yellow colour of the skin and eyes.
• Pain, usually located in the back and around the stomach
New pancreatic cancer symptoms, after it reaches next stages, include:
• Formation of blood clots
• Symptoms of diabetes
• Vomiting, nausea
Pancreatic cancer is usually detected through CT scan or MRI scan and diagnosed by biopsy.
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