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Pterygium (pronounced tur-IJ-ee-um) is a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva –the clear tissue that lines your eyelids and covers your eyeball. It usually forms on the side closest to your nose and grows toward the pupil area. This growth might spread slowly during your life and end up covering your pupil, causing visual problems. So the pterygium surgery is a procedure designed to remove noncancerous conjunctiva growths or pterygia from the eye. With this being a minimally invasive surgery, the patient is more likely to be discharged on the same day of surgery.

Who is it for?

  • For people who are infected with pterygium and they have severe pain or discomfort.
  • People who have redness or inflammation feeling in their eye(s).
  • Patients who have a blurred vision leading to double vision or astigmatism.

Treatment duration

30 to 45 minutes

Potential Risks and Side Effects

  • Discomfort and redness
  • Blurred vision
  • Pterygium regrowth
  • Complete loss of vision

Recovery Time

  • An eye patch or pad for comfort and to prevent infection. Patients are advised not to rub their eyes after the procedure to avoid dislodging the attached tissue.
  • Your doctor will provide you with aftercare instructions, including cleaning procedures, antibiotics, and scheduling follow-up visits.
  • Completely recovery time is between two and four months, depending on the type of technique used during the surgery.

Success Rate: 60-80%

Alternative Treatments

  • Adjuvant therapies
  • Medication 

How does it work

Once you have decided to undergo a pterygium surgery, we will make sure that you have a pleasant trip and your procedure will be customized in a way that minimizes scarring. During the online consultations, expect the following questions:

  • How intense is the current pain you are feeling?
  • Do you have any medical conditions that we should be aware of?
  • Are you currently taking any medication?

Planning your trip and choosing the clinic

When you decide to have a pterygium surgery, our first step will be to present to you several detailed options of clinics and doctors. After you have chosen your preferred clinic and doctor, we will then set up an operation date and arrange your trip. All the dates are set according to your preferences!

This surgery is usually performed in the morning or afternoon, so we always recommend that you arrive in Turkey a day before the surgery –so that you can have enough time to rest.

Final Consultation with Your Surgeon

When you arrive at the clinic, you will have a face-to-face consultation with your pterygium surgery. Part of the discussions will be about your expectations and goals.

Medical Examinations

Before the surgery commences, your surgeon will conduct physical and blood tests to make sure that you are in a good health state. Every patient is required to undergo medical tests so as to ensure that nothing can hinder the success of the surgery.

Preparation for Surgery

To make you feel comfortable during the surgery, your surgeon will give you local anesthesia. If you have Trypanophobia (fear of needles), you should let us know so that we can offer you doctors who can give you anesthesia without using needles.

What does Pterygium Surgery Involve?

You may be required to fast or only eat a light meal beforehand. And considering that you'll be lightly sedated, doctors will require that you have someone to take care of when you are discharged from the clinic.  The pterygium surgical procedure is fairly quick,  low risk and it involves the following steps:

  • Your doctor will sedate you and numb your eyes to prevent discomfort during surgery. They will then clean the surrounding areas.
  • Your doctor will remove the pterygium along with some associated conjunctiva tissue.
  • Once the pterygium is removed, your doctor will replace it with a graft of associated membrane tissue to prevent recurrent pterygium growths.


Can I wear make-up on the day of the operation?
No. You should appear without makeup and bring dark sunglasses.
Can I smoke before the operation?
Limit smoking if possible. Smoking leads to increased bleeding during the operation and, as a consequence, to bruising and poorer wound healing.
Is a hospital stay necessary?
The doctor will specifically discuss this question with you during your first consultation.
Will I experience pain during surgery?
No. The operation will be painless for you. This applies to both general anesthesias and local anesthesia.
After the surgery, what can I do to make my eyelids swell as little as possible?

In the first 48 hours, as much as possible, should be cooled by means of a cooling face mask. This is delivered to the patient after each operation.

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