Recommended For IVF
IVF is recommended for patients or couples that cannot or are having troubles in conceiving naturally. Reduced fertility or ovarian function in women over the age of 40, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, uterine fibroids, male infertility, such as low sperm count or abnormalities in sperm shape or unexplained infertility are the main reasons to start an IVF process. Same-sex couples and single individuals are also good candidates for IVF treatment.
Not Recommended For IVF
Younger women are more likely to have a successful pregnancy; therefore, IVF treatment isn't usually recommended for women over the age of 42 because the chances of giving a successful birth are getting lower related to age.
Number Of Trips Abroad
Discharge From Hospital
Patients are able to fly as soon as the embryo or embryos have been transferred
Duration Of Operation
Embryo transfer is very straightforward and usually takes less than 15 minutes
1 to 2 weeks
In Vitro Fertilization, also known as IVF is a type of artificial insemination meaning that an egg is fertilized with sperm in a laboratory, outside the body, before being reinserted into the uterus. Every year, around 30.000 couples from the USA alone opt for an IVF procedure, and around 30% of them finish their first IVF cycle with live birth.
Dealing with infertility issues can be emotionally weary for any couple. When preparing for this process where patience and understanding are important, it is best to be informed as much as possible and to know what to expect from the IVF cycle. Patients or couples can use an IVF calculator to estimate their IVF success rate and an IVF pregnancy calculator to find out their due date.
How It Is Performed
A complete IVF process also called an IVF cycle, involves all the steps necessary for a successful pregnancy. The first step of IVF treatment is to discuss with the couple or patient and discuss previous pregnancies, possible anterior IVF interventions, potential infertility problems or infections of the reproductive system and other details about the in vitro fertilization procedure itself. The second step of the procedure is to provide the patient with IVF injections, which help to promote egg development. Injections usually begin on the second or third day of the patient's menstrual cycle, and this step is very important in stimulating ovarian follicles that produce eggs.
Once the eggs reach maturity, they are retrieved, and after the egg collection step, fertilization begins in laboratory conditions. The most healthy and strong sperm is used to fertilize these eggs - one of them will be selected for embryo transfer. In the final stage of the procedure, the fertilized egg is transferred back to the uterus, and IVF pregnancy can begin after it is attached to the lining of the uterus.
If the male partner suffers from infertility issues, the IVF with ICSI technique can be used to ensure fertilization of the egg.
One of the biggest risks of an IVF pregnancy is the possibility of multiple births: 63% of IVF babies are single children, 5% are triplets or more, and 32% are IVF twins. The reason why multiple pregnancies are considered as "risk" is due to the risks it may cause to the mother and the baby during pregnancy, such as the risk of low birth weight and premature birth.
IVF side effects generally vary from person to person and also depend on the intake of stimulatory drugs. Some patients may experience nausea, breast tenderness, headaches, bloating, bleeding, or infection.
The success rate of an In Vitro Fertilization procedure depends on a few factors such as the patient's body mass, caffeine and alcohol intake, the patient's age, the duration of the patient's infertility and the number of oocytes produced by the body. Generally, women aged 25-39 are most likely to conceive from their first IVF cycle.
ISO certified infertility clinics and the clinical studies conducted generally have a patient satisfaction rate of at least 70% or over.
The IVF success rate can be calculated on the number of live births, but the figures depend highly on the patient's age:
- 29% for women under 35
- 23% for women aged 35 to 37
- 15% for women aged 38 to 39
- 9% for women aged 40 to 42
- 3% for women aged 43 to 44
- 2% for women aged over 44
- These figures are for women who use their own eggs and their spouse's sperm and use the measure transferred per embryo.
How Much Does IVF Cost?
IVF prices vary depending on the country and clinic in which the procedure is performed. IVF treatment costs can range from $1500 to $13000, and medication costs are not usually included in the procedure itself, as they depend on each patient's clinical circumstances and needs.
Are IVF Children Susceptible to Birth Defects?
IVF babies are in no way more susceptible to birth defects than naturally conceived children. Around 3% of all children suffer from birth defects as a result of a normal pregnancy, and IVF treatment carries some risk of birth defects but is still rare.
Is In Vitro Fertilization Painful?
The IVF process is not painful as the women will be administered anesthesia both before the eggs are retrieved and transferred back into the uterus.
Is IVF Gender Selection Possible?
The technique called Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis or PGD is a safe and reliable way to choose the gender of a baby, for the couples who prefer it
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.