If there is a reason to prevent you from getting pregnant or if your IVF treatment with your own egg has failed several times, your doctor may recommend Donor Egg IVF treatment. If you find the appropriate donor, you can start the procedure with your doctor's approval.
The process of finding an egg donor requires time and careful thinking. Patients can spend months at this step. Among the most common egg, donation sources are the fertility clinic that offers you IVF treatment, an egg donation agency, an egg bank, a friend or family member or another couple in IVF treatment. The egg donation and implantation procedure is similar to standard IVF treatment. After a thorough examination, the woman receiving the donor egg needs to receive some hormone treatment to prepare it for the egg. If they still have ovaries working, they'll need estrogen and progesterone treatments to make their cycle exactly the same as the donor. In the meantime, the donor will also be treated with hormones to trigger superovulation.
The doctor performs a transvaginal ovarian aspiration to remove the eggs from the donor's ovaries. An ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina, and a needle is used to remove the egg from each follicle. During the procedure, which takes approximately 30 minutes, the doctor may give the donor painkillers, sedatives, or anesthetics. Since this is a small and short procedure, the donor does not need to stay in the clinic or hospital overnight.
It is recommended that women wait approximately 2 weeks after embryos enter the uterus before performing a pregnancy test to see if the donor egg IVF treatment works. For some people, this waiting time is considered the most difficult part of the treatment process. If pregnancy occurs, an ultrasound scan is performed in the coming weeks to check the progress of the procedure as expected. Then the normal prenatal care process given to all pregnant women for the IVF participant begins.
Donor egg IVF treatment has similar risks to women undergoing traditional IVF. In addition to the psychological risks that may occur, the greatest possible risk for the donor is to develop ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The primary risk of donor egg IVF for the intended mother is multiple pregnancies.
The main side effects of donor egg IVF treatment include:
- Bruising at the injection site
- Mood swings
- Tender breasts
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
According to the study conducted by Fertility and Sterility, the donor egg IVF procedure results in a successful birth with the rate of 49,4–50%.
Couples who do not have children may not be able to move to pregnancy because the female eggs cannot be used due to certain circumstances. In such cases, donor egg IVF treatment can be used. In parallel with the success rate, the treatments that offer the desired result give the couples great satisfaction and happiness.
What is Donor Egg IVF?
Donor egg IVF is the treatment used in cases where the female's eggs cannot be used for various reasons in IVF treatment. Following the retrieval of the eggs, the eggs are fertilized in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory using sperm from the partner of the recipient couple or in some cases with donor sperm.
How Long Does Donor Egg IVF Procedure Take?
The screening process usually takes several weeks to complete. Once an egg donor is selected, a cycle lasts about four weeks. Women who expect pregnancy during treatment should come to the clinic about 7-10 times for ultrasound monitoring and blood tests within a two-week period.
What Is the Cost of Donor Egg IVF?
Using donor eggs is a high cost over the current cost of IVF. The exact cost of donor egg IVF procedure may vary greatly depending on the use of fresh or frozen eggs, how selective the recipient is, the IVF clinic has chosen, the location of the treatment clinic, etc.
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.