Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix may be removed as well throughout this operation, together with other surrounding tissue.
Gynecologists are the ones who generally perform hysterectomy surgery. Hysterectomy procedure may be:
● Total Hysterectomy surgery
The body of the uterus is removed, together with the cervix and fundus. A complete hysterectomy is also another way to call.
● Partial Hysterectomy surgery
The body of the uterus is removed; on the other hand, the cervix is left untouched. Supracervical hysterectomy is also another way to call.
● Radical Hysterectomy surgery
The uterus is removed, together with any adjacent tissue. The cervix and the top part of the vagina are also removed. Radical hysterectomy is generally performed on patients experiencing cancer. In this procedure, the ovaries might also be removed – this type of surgery is called oophorectomy.
The most common gynecological procedure is hysterectomy surgery – over 600.000 operations are carried out yearly in the United States only. Hysterectomy operation could also be carried out before or as a part of sex reassignment operation for trans men. It is generally performedin conjunction with hormone replacement.
Hysterectomy surgery is prescribed for women experiencing one or more of the following medical problems:
● Uterine fibrosis which can show bleeding, pain or other medical problems
● Uterine prolapsed – sliding of the uterus into the vaginal canal
● Cancer of the ovaries, cervix or uterus
● Chronic pelvic pain
● Adenomyosis – a thickening of the uterus
● Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Hysterectomy surgery for non-cancerous health problems is just thought to be after all other treatment options have failed.
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