Recommended For Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Patients who are suffering from heart angina can be the candidates for coronary artery bypass surgery. However, it is important to focus on the coronary artery obstruction. The patient can be considered as a candidate for coronary artery bypass graft when the coronary artery obstruction is higher than 50%. However, it is still depended on the cardiologist’s opinion, since the operation is invasive, open-heart surgery.
Not Recommended For Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Patients who are suffering from coronary artery diseases with a significant blockage in their arteries can be candidates for coronary artery bypass surgery. However, it should be discussed with a cardiologist to decide on the patient’s suitability for the procedure.
Number Of Trips Abroad
Discharge From Hospital
1 to 2 weeks
Duration Of Operation
3 to 6 hours
4 to 6 weeks
Coronary artery bypass graft (shortly: CABG) is a type of heart surgery that is performed to bypass clogged or partially clogged coronary arteries in the patient’s heart. The left coronary artery and the right coronary artery are responsible for the maintenance of oxygen to the heart. However, these arteries might be blocked with plaque, as a result of aging or an unhealthy lifestyle. The plaque influences the heart in two different ways – firstly it might be blocking the light of the blood vessels or, when ruptured, it may result in a blood clot that would cause cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, cardiologists decide on performing the coronary artery bypass graft to avoid the development of such serious heart problems.
The coronary artery bypass graft is an important operation that requires proper preparation before the surgery with the guidance of a cardiologist. Initially, the patient should have some tests, such as a blood test. This way, the cardiologist would be preparing properly with the information gained from the tests, and the results can be used to compare the patient’s condition before and after coronary artery bypass graft as well. Also, your doctor should be informed about the other illnesses you are suffering from as well as the medications you are taking. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking some of the medicines before the operation, such as the ones with blood-thinning qualities. Also, you should stop eating and drinking several hours before the surgery. Finally – make sure that your personal matters are solved and organized – during the recovery period, you should rest rather than run errands.
How It Is Performed
While performing the coronary artery bypass graft, a blood vessel is taken from the patient’s body, which is usually from the leg then surgeons try to attach it to the coronary artery below and above the blocked or partially blocked part of the vessel. The need for several heart bypass is depended on the size and the number of narrow passages/clots, according to need double, triple, or even quadruple bypass surgery can be performed.
Coronary artery bypass surgery requires a long recovery period. Just like in any other kind of open-heart surgery, the recovery period of coronary artery bypass surgery must be long enough to confirm that the new heart bypasses are working properly. During the first week after the operation, the patient needs to stay in the hospital under the supervision of a cardiologist and a medical staff. After that, the patient can return home, but for couple weeks the patient should not be doing any strenuous activities. Six weeks after the coronary artery bypass surgery, it is possible to return to work and continue your regular life. However, the total recovery period of heart bypass is estimated to be around 12 weeks.
The coronary artery bypass graft is a complex operation. Just like the other kind of open-heart surgeries, coronary artery bypass graft has several risks and complications as well. These include:
• Disturbances in proper blood circulation and pulse, for example, atrial fibrillation• Fluid or blood in the lungs
• The abnormal healing process of the sternum
• In extreme cases - death
After the coronary artery bypass graft patients may firstly experience some amounts of pain and functioning problems in some areas such as during physical activities. Yet, with time the pain would be eased, and the patients would regain their mobility.
Coronary artery bypass graft has a high success rate with only 3-4% of failure of the procedure and resulting in the patient’s death. Also, there is a possibility of experiencing some complications, but these can be usually managed by cardiologists. Coronary artery bypass graft that is open-heart surgery has a high success rate around 90%. Therefore, it is thought to be relatively a safe heart surgery.
Before And After
After the coronary artery bypass graft, patients who were suffering from heart angina before are usually relieved from this cardiovascular disease. Many patients can return to a more active life, and it is possible to enjoy the benefits of coronary artery bypass surgery for up to 10-15 years after the procedure.
What is a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft?
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The coronary artery bypass graft is an open heart surgery that is performed by cardiologist creating a bypass in the left or right coronary artery (or both) using the blood vessel extracted from the leg or the other body part.
Is Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Safe?Yes, it is relatively safe, with around 90% of patients not experiencing bigger complications after it. Additionally, in most of the cases, coronary artery bypass graft is suggested in life-threatening cardiovascular disease cases, therefore it is worth taking the risk.
Does Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Have Life-Long Effects?
As vessel graft wears off, its effects pass. Patients usually enjoy the better quality of life for 10-15 years after coronary artery bypass gr
This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in September, 2019.