Deep brain stimulation, also known as DBS, is a type of neurosurgical procedure first developed in 1987. The procedure itself uses a neurostimulator to treat a wide range of neurological disorders.
DBS or Deep brain stimulation involves the placement of a neurostimulator and electrodes into the patient’s brain. The neurostimulator sends electric signals, through the electrodes, to specific areas of the brain as part of the treatment process.
The neurostimulator, also called a brain peacemaker is placed under the skin in the patient’s upper chest area. The neurostimulator is connected to the electrodes through wires which travel under the patient’s skin. Deep brain stimulation works by regulating abnormal brain impulses through artificial electric signals. These electric signals may also correct or change the production of certain chemicals within the brain itself.
One of the biggest advantages to deep brain stimulation is the fact that the changes produced within the brain are fully controllable and reversible. If the patient faces certain unwanted side effects, the neurostimulator can be finetuned in order to provide the desired results.
Deep brain stimulation is widely used to treat Parkinson’s disease, obsessive compulsive disorders and even chronic pain.
It’s worthy to note that this technique is considered an option only after traditional treatment through medications has failed.
Although it’s not a relatively new procedure, DBS can only be used in certain cases where medication therapy has failed to alleviate symptoms. DBS can be used to treat the following conditions:
● Parkinson’s disease
● Essential tremor
● Chronic pain
● Major depression
● Obsessive compulsive disorder
Deep brain stimulation is also currently being tested as treatment for the following conditions:
● Tourette syndrome
Deep Brain Stimulation (24 Clinics)